Advanced

Origins of inhabitants from the 16th century Sala (Sweden) silver mine cemetery – A lead isotope perspective

Price, Douglas T.; Frei, Robert; Bäckström, Ylva LU ; Frei, Karin Margarita and Ingvarsson-Sundstrom, Anne (2017) In Journal of Archaeological Science 80. p.1-13
Abstract

Historical documents record the operation of a silver mine from the 16th century AD located near the former village of Salberget in central Sweden. The historical record describes several categories of inhabitants, including local families, workers and miners, foreign engineers and mining specialists, as well as war captives and criminals used as forced labor in the mines. A church yard in the vicinity of the village served as a burial ground. Archaeological evidence indicates two distinct grave types (coffin and earthen) and physical anthropology documents differences in age and sex between these grave types, as well as harsh conditions of life. Strontium and oxygen isotopes have been used previously to investigate the place of origin... (More)

Historical documents record the operation of a silver mine from the 16th century AD located near the former village of Salberget in central Sweden. The historical record describes several categories of inhabitants, including local families, workers and miners, foreign engineers and mining specialists, as well as war captives and criminals used as forced labor in the mines. A church yard in the vicinity of the village served as a burial ground. Archaeological evidence indicates two distinct grave types (coffin and earthen) and physical anthropology documents differences in age and sex between these grave types, as well as harsh conditions of life. Strontium and oxygen isotopes have been used previously to investigate the place of origin of the cemetery inhabitants and clear differences among the types of graves were seen in the isotope results. Place of origin was more difficult to ascertain however. Here we utilize lead isotopes as an additional isotopic tracer to identify origins. The lead isotope investigations pinpoint several areas outside of the Sala region where some of the inhabitants originated. In addition, the study documents the benefits of using lead isotopes in human proveniencing studies.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Carbon, Isotopic proveniencing, Lead, Medieval, Mining, Mobility, Oxygen, Scandinavia, Silver, Social identity, Strontium, Sweden
in
Journal of Archaeological Science
volume
80
pages
13 pages
publisher
Academic Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:85012059531
  • wos:000400034200001
ISSN
0305-4403
DOI
10.1016/j.jas.2017.01.013
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6e9640aa-87de-491e-b9fa-ed6aa46bf115
date added to LUP
2017-02-22 12:26:22
date last changed
2018-01-07 11:51:53
@article{6e9640aa-87de-491e-b9fa-ed6aa46bf115,
  abstract     = {<p>Historical documents record the operation of a silver mine from the 16th century AD located near the former village of Salberget in central Sweden. The historical record describes several categories of inhabitants, including local families, workers and miners, foreign engineers and mining specialists, as well as war captives and criminals used as forced labor in the mines. A church yard in the vicinity of the village served as a burial ground. Archaeological evidence indicates two distinct grave types (coffin and earthen) and physical anthropology documents differences in age and sex between these grave types, as well as harsh conditions of life. Strontium and oxygen isotopes have been used previously to investigate the place of origin of the cemetery inhabitants and clear differences among the types of graves were seen in the isotope results. Place of origin was more difficult to ascertain however. Here we utilize lead isotopes as an additional isotopic tracer to identify origins. The lead isotope investigations pinpoint several areas outside of the Sala region where some of the inhabitants originated. In addition, the study documents the benefits of using lead isotopes in human proveniencing studies.</p>},
  author       = {Price, Douglas T. and Frei, Robert and Bäckström, Ylva and Frei, Karin Margarita and Ingvarsson-Sundstrom, Anne},
  issn         = {0305-4403},
  keyword      = {Carbon,Isotopic proveniencing,Lead,Medieval,Mining,Mobility,Oxygen,Scandinavia,Silver,Social identity,Strontium,Sweden},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {04},
  pages        = {1--13},
  publisher    = {Academic Press},
  series       = {Journal of Archaeological Science},
  title        = {Origins of inhabitants from the 16th century Sala (Sweden) silver mine cemetery – A lead isotope perspective},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2017.01.013},
  volume       = {80},
  year         = {2017},
}