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Ocean and land control-grabbing : The political economy of landscape transformation in Northern Tanintharyi, Myanmar

Barbesgaard, Mads LU (2019) In Journal of Rural Studies 69. p.195-203
Abstract

After a spout of optimism surrounding Myanmar's so-called democratic transition in the post-2010 period, civil-society organisations and academics are beginning to highlight rampant and violent resource grabs unfolding across the country. Delving into the Northern Tanintharyi landscape in the Southeast, this article aims to understand interrelated dynamics of coastal and agrarian transformation during the state-mediated capitalist transition of the past 30 years. Conceptually developing a landscape-approach that sees individual ‘grabs’ in a relational manner and as part of broader political-economic struggles, the article shows how the Myanmar military regime sought a conjoined ocean and land control-grab in pursuit of rent extraction... (More)

After a spout of optimism surrounding Myanmar's so-called democratic transition in the post-2010 period, civil-society organisations and academics are beginning to highlight rampant and violent resource grabs unfolding across the country. Delving into the Northern Tanintharyi landscape in the Southeast, this article aims to understand interrelated dynamics of coastal and agrarian transformation during the state-mediated capitalist transition of the past 30 years. Conceptually developing a landscape-approach that sees individual ‘grabs’ in a relational manner and as part of broader political-economic struggles, the article shows how the Myanmar military regime sought a conjoined ocean and land control-grab in pursuit of rent extraction from productive foreign capital in fisheries and off-shore gas sectors. Empirically, these dynamics are traced from the scale of regional geopolitical struggles down to two particular villages in Northern Tanintharyi – highlighting resulting processes of differentiation along lines of class and gender. This conceptual framework and explanation of drivers behind ocean and land control-grabbing, in turn, complicates prevalent policy solutions in Myanmar (and elsewhere) that reduce the question of resolving resource-grabs to the pursuit of an elusive ‘good governance’.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Rural Studies
volume
69
pages
195 - 203
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85060841829
ISSN
0743-0167
DOI
10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.01.014
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6f3c7f3b-d605-4fa0-9e0b-b5e6fceb7bf4
date added to LUP
2019-02-13 09:26:37
date last changed
2020-10-07 06:18:30
@article{6f3c7f3b-d605-4fa0-9e0b-b5e6fceb7bf4,
  abstract     = {<p>After a spout of optimism surrounding Myanmar's so-called democratic transition in the post-2010 period, civil-society organisations and academics are beginning to highlight rampant and violent resource grabs unfolding across the country. Delving into the Northern Tanintharyi landscape in the Southeast, this article aims to understand interrelated dynamics of coastal and agrarian transformation during the state-mediated capitalist transition of the past 30 years. Conceptually developing a landscape-approach that sees individual ‘grabs’ in a relational manner and as part of broader political-economic struggles, the article shows how the Myanmar military regime sought a conjoined ocean and land control-grab in pursuit of rent extraction from productive foreign capital in fisheries and off-shore gas sectors. Empirically, these dynamics are traced from the scale of regional geopolitical struggles down to two particular villages in Northern Tanintharyi – highlighting resulting processes of differentiation along lines of class and gender. This conceptual framework and explanation of drivers behind ocean and land control-grabbing, in turn, complicates prevalent policy solutions in Myanmar (and elsewhere) that reduce the question of resolving resource-grabs to the pursuit of an elusive ‘good governance’.</p>},
  author       = {Barbesgaard, Mads},
  issn         = {0743-0167},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {02},
  pages        = {195--203},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Rural Studies},
  title        = {Ocean and land control-grabbing : The political economy of landscape transformation in Northern Tanintharyi, Myanmar},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.01.014},
  doi          = {10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.01.014},
  volume       = {69},
  year         = {2019},
}