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A compendium answering 150 questions on COVID-19 and SARS-CoV-2

Riggioni, Carmen ; Comberiati, Pasquale ; Giovannini, Mattia ; Agache, Ioana ; Akdis, Mübeccel ; Alves-Correia, Magna ; Antó, Josep M. ; Arcolaci, Alessandra ; Azkur, Ahmet Kursat and Azkur, Dilek , et al. (2020) In Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 75(10). p.2503-2541
Abstract

In December 2019, China reported the first cases of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This disease, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome–related coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has developed into a pandemic. To date, it has resulted in ~9 million confirmed cases and caused almost 500 000 related deaths worldwide. Unequivocally, the COVID-19 pandemic is the gravest health and socioeconomic crisis of our time. In this context, numerous questions have emerged in demand of basic scientific information and evidence-based medical advice on SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19. Although the majority of the patients show a very mild, self-limiting viral respiratory disease, many clinical manifestations in severe patients are unique to... (More)

In December 2019, China reported the first cases of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This disease, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome–related coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has developed into a pandemic. To date, it has resulted in ~9 million confirmed cases and caused almost 500 000 related deaths worldwide. Unequivocally, the COVID-19 pandemic is the gravest health and socioeconomic crisis of our time. In this context, numerous questions have emerged in demand of basic scientific information and evidence-based medical advice on SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19. Although the majority of the patients show a very mild, self-limiting viral respiratory disease, many clinical manifestations in severe patients are unique to COVID-19, such as severe lymphopenia and eosinopenia, extensive pneumonia, a “cytokine storm” leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome, endothelitis, thromboembolic complications, and multiorgan failure. The epidemiologic features of COVID-19 are distinctive and have changed throughout the pandemic. Vaccine and drug development studies and clinical trials are rapidly growing at an unprecedented speed. However, basic and clinical research on COVID-19–related topics should be based on more coordinated high-quality studies. This paper answers pressing questions, formulated by young clinicians and scientists, on SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, and allergy, focusing on the following topics: virology, immunology, diagnosis, management of patients with allergic disease and asthma, treatment, clinical trials, drug discovery, vaccine development, and epidemiology. A total of 150 questions were answered by experts in the field providing a comprehensive and practical overview of COVID-19 and allergic disease.

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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
allergy, coronavirus disease 2019, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, severe acute respiratory syndrome–related coronavirus 2
in
Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
volume
75
issue
10
pages
39 pages
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:85088247928
  • pmid:32535955
ISSN
0105-4538
DOI
10.1111/all.14449
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
71065754-867c-4d6e-8d0a-805f13853c96
date added to LUP
2020-12-18 12:15:46
date last changed
2021-04-20 05:33:07
@article{71065754-867c-4d6e-8d0a-805f13853c96,
  abstract     = {<p>In December 2019, China reported the first cases of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This disease, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome–related coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has developed into a pandemic. To date, it has resulted in ~9 million confirmed cases and caused almost 500 000 related deaths worldwide. Unequivocally, the COVID-19 pandemic is the gravest health and socioeconomic crisis of our time. In this context, numerous questions have emerged in demand of basic scientific information and evidence-based medical advice on SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19. Although the majority of the patients show a very mild, self-limiting viral respiratory disease, many clinical manifestations in severe patients are unique to COVID-19, such as severe lymphopenia and eosinopenia, extensive pneumonia, a “cytokine storm” leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome, endothelitis, thromboembolic complications, and multiorgan failure. The epidemiologic features of COVID-19 are distinctive and have changed throughout the pandemic. Vaccine and drug development studies and clinical trials are rapidly growing at an unprecedented speed. However, basic and clinical research on COVID-19–related topics should be based on more coordinated high-quality studies. This paper answers pressing questions, formulated by young clinicians and scientists, on SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, and allergy, focusing on the following topics: virology, immunology, diagnosis, management of patients with allergic disease and asthma, treatment, clinical trials, drug discovery, vaccine development, and epidemiology. A total of 150 questions were answered by experts in the field providing a comprehensive and practical overview of COVID-19 and allergic disease.</p>},
  author       = {Riggioni, Carmen and Comberiati, Pasquale and Giovannini, Mattia and Agache, Ioana and Akdis, Mübeccel and Alves-Correia, Magna and Antó, Josep M. and Arcolaci, Alessandra and Azkur, Ahmet Kursat and Azkur, Dilek and Beken, Burcin and Boccabella, Cristina and Bousquet, Jean and Breiteneder, Heimo and Carvalho, Daniela and De las Vecillas, Leticia and Diamant, Zuzana and Eguiluz-Gracia, Ibon and Eiwegger, Thomas and Eyerich, Stefanie and Fokkens, Wytske and Gao, Ya dong and Hannachi, Farah and Johnston, Sebastian L. and Jutel, Marek and Karavelia, Aspasia and Klimek, Ludger and Moya, Beatriz and Nadeau, Kari C. and O'Hehir, Robyn and O'Mahony, Liam and Pfaar, Oliver and Sanak, Marek and Schwarze, Jürgen and Sokolowska, Milena and Torres, María J. and van de Veen, Willem and van Zelm, Menno C. and Wang, De Yun and Zhang, Luo and Jiménez-Saiz, Rodrigo and Akdis, Cezmi A.},
  issn         = {0105-4538},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {2503--2541},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology},
  title        = {A compendium answering 150 questions on COVID-19 and SARS-CoV-2},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.14449},
  doi          = {10.1111/all.14449},
  volume       = {75},
  year         = {2020},
}