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Cyber bullying among children with neurodevelopmental disorders : A systematic review

Beckman, Linda ; Hellström, Lisa and von Kobyletzki, Laura LU (2020) In Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 61(1). p.54-67
Abstract

Children and young adults with neurodevelopmental disorders (ND) are at increased risk of bullying compared to typically developing peers. It is still unclear to what extent they are involved in cyber bullying. This systematic review aimed at studying the prevalence of cyber bullying as perpetrators, victims, or both (“bully-victims”) among students with ND in a school setting and in need of special education. The Web of Science, Scopus, ERIC, PsycINFO, PubMED, and Cochrane databases were searched including a manual search of reference lists, until February 24, 2018. Eight studies conducted in Europe, North America, the Middle East, and Australia were included reporting a prevalence of cyber-victimization among students with ND of... (More)

Children and young adults with neurodevelopmental disorders (ND) are at increased risk of bullying compared to typically developing peers. It is still unclear to what extent they are involved in cyber bullying. This systematic review aimed at studying the prevalence of cyber bullying as perpetrators, victims, or both (“bully-victims”) among students with ND in a school setting and in need of special education. The Web of Science, Scopus, ERIC, PsycINFO, PubMED, and Cochrane databases were searched including a manual search of reference lists, until February 24, 2018. Eight studies conducted in Europe, North America, the Middle East, and Australia were included reporting a prevalence of cyber-victimization among students with ND of 0%–41%, a prevalence of cyber-perpetration of 0%–16.7%, and a prevalence of bully-victims of 6.7%. Three out of five studies using control groups showed that students with ND might be more involved in cyber bullying overall compared to typically developing students. Students in segregated school settings report slightly higher prevalence rates of cyber bullying compared to students with ND in inclusive school settings, especially among girls. When comparing prevalence rates among studies using the same definition, we found similar prevalence rates. There was a tendency towards students with ND being more involved in cyber bullying compared to typically developing students, but this needs to be confirmed in future studies that should include control groups with typically developing students as well as validated and standardized measurements of cyber bullying and ND diagnoses.

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author
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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Children and adolescents, cyber bullying, neurodevelopmental disorders, systematic review
in
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
volume
61
issue
1
pages
14 pages
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:85062360796
  • pmid:30820957
ISSN
0036-5564
DOI
10.1111/sjop.12525
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
71e2d632-1f1b-4eaf-8ac8-ef6195554bcf
date added to LUP
2019-03-13 14:48:23
date last changed
2020-10-20 03:11:20
@article{71e2d632-1f1b-4eaf-8ac8-ef6195554bcf,
  abstract     = {<p>Children and young adults with neurodevelopmental disorders (ND) are at increased risk of bullying compared to typically developing peers. It is still unclear to what extent they are involved in cyber bullying. This systematic review aimed at studying the prevalence of cyber bullying as perpetrators, victims, or both (“bully-victims”) among students with ND in a school setting and in need of special education. The Web of Science, Scopus, ERIC, PsycINFO, PubMED, and Cochrane databases were searched including a manual search of reference lists, until February 24, 2018. Eight studies conducted in Europe, North America, the Middle East, and Australia were included reporting a prevalence of cyber-victimization among students with ND of 0%–41%, a prevalence of cyber-perpetration of 0%–16.7%, and a prevalence of bully-victims of 6.7%. Three out of five studies using control groups showed that students with ND might be more involved in cyber bullying overall compared to typically developing students. Students in segregated school settings report slightly higher prevalence rates of cyber bullying compared to students with ND in inclusive school settings, especially among girls. When comparing prevalence rates among studies using the same definition, we found similar prevalence rates. There was a tendency towards students with ND being more involved in cyber bullying compared to typically developing students, but this needs to be confirmed in future studies that should include control groups with typically developing students as well as validated and standardized measurements of cyber bullying and ND diagnoses.</p>},
  author       = {Beckman, Linda and Hellström, Lisa and von Kobyletzki, Laura},
  issn         = {0036-5564},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {54--67},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Psychology},
  title        = {Cyber bullying among children with neurodevelopmental disorders : A systematic review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12525},
  doi          = {10.1111/sjop.12525},
  volume       = {61},
  year         = {2020},
}