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International Survey of the Costs of Assessment for Environmental Product Declarations

Tasaki, Tomohiro; Shobatake, Koichi; Nakajima, Kenichi and Dalhammar, Carl LU (2017) In Procedia CIRP 61. p.727-731
Abstract

Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs) are used to communicate product's environmental performances to relevant stakeholders, whereas Product Category Rules (PCRs) provide guidelines for making EPDs in different product categories. Little is known regarding the cost for developing EPDs and PCRs. We therefore conducted an international survey, and 15 responses from EPD certification operators were collected. The total cost for creating a PCR and an EPD, was in the range USD 13,000-41,000 and the workload was 22-44 person-days. Our survey revealed eight breakdown costs as well. Multiple regression analysis showed several statistical relationships between cost/workload and characteristics of EPD programs.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
assessment cost, environmental product performance, life cycle assessment (LCA), product category rule (PCR), type III eco-label
in
Procedia CIRP
volume
61
pages
5 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85020021110
ISSN
2212-8271
DOI
10.1016/j.procir.2016.11.158
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7276adae-3fa4-4f84-9588-16255a0bcb29
date added to LUP
2017-06-30 11:54:07
date last changed
2017-06-30 11:54:07
@article{7276adae-3fa4-4f84-9588-16255a0bcb29,
  abstract     = {<p>Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs) are used to communicate product's environmental performances to relevant stakeholders, whereas Product Category Rules (PCRs) provide guidelines for making EPDs in different product categories. Little is known regarding the cost for developing EPDs and PCRs. We therefore conducted an international survey, and 15 responses from EPD certification operators were collected. The total cost for creating a PCR and an EPD, was in the range USD 13,000-41,000 and the workload was 22-44 person-days. Our survey revealed eight breakdown costs as well. Multiple regression analysis showed several statistical relationships between cost/workload and characteristics of EPD programs.</p>},
  author       = {Tasaki, Tomohiro and Shobatake, Koichi and Nakajima, Kenichi and Dalhammar, Carl},
  issn         = {2212-8271},
  keyword      = {assessment cost,environmental product performance,life cycle assessment (LCA),product category rule (PCR),type III eco-label},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {727--731},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Procedia CIRP},
  title        = {International Survey of the Costs of Assessment for Environmental Product Declarations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2016.11.158},
  volume       = {61},
  year         = {2017},
}