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The protagonist projection hypothesis

Dahlman, Roberta Colonna LU (2017) In International Review of Pragmatics 9(1). p.134-153
Abstract

The protagonist projection hypothesis was formulated by Holton (1997) in order to account for cases where the speaker seems to utter contradictory statements. Holton argues that in these cases the speaker projects herself into the mind of someone else. Three different sentence-types have been classified as examples of protagonist projection: (i) sentences with factive verbs (tell+wh, know), (ii) sentences that realize free indirect discourse, and (iii) sentences that do not realize free indirect discourse, but are still assumed to be instances of speaking from someone else's perspective. Regarding the sentences in (i), I argue, following Tsohatzidis (1993, 1997, 2012), that neither tell+wh nor know must be considered as factive... (More)

The protagonist projection hypothesis was formulated by Holton (1997) in order to account for cases where the speaker seems to utter contradictory statements. Holton argues that in these cases the speaker projects herself into the mind of someone else. Three different sentence-types have been classified as examples of protagonist projection: (i) sentences with factive verbs (tell+wh, know), (ii) sentences that realize free indirect discourse, and (iii) sentences that do not realize free indirect discourse, but are still assumed to be instances of speaking from someone else's perspective. Regarding the sentences in (i), I argue, following Tsohatzidis (1993, 1997, 2012), that neither tell+wh nor know must be considered as factive predicates. As for the sentences of type (ii), I conclude that free indirect discourse is an instance of protagonist projection. Finally, the sentences of type (iii) are accounted for as cases of utterances whose syntax is partially unpronounced.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
factivity, free indirect discourse, protagonist projection, unpronounced structure
in
International Review of Pragmatics
volume
9
issue
1
pages
20 pages
external identifiers
  • scopus:85017302058
  • wos:000399330300004
ISSN
1877-3095
DOI
10.1163/18773109-00901004
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
73750be2-1815-40af-80f1-13a4ad73005a
date added to LUP
2017-05-04 09:29:27
date last changed
2017-09-18 13:34:02
@article{73750be2-1815-40af-80f1-13a4ad73005a,
  abstract     = {<p>The protagonist projection hypothesis was formulated by Holton (1997) in order to account for cases where the speaker seems to utter contradictory statements. Holton argues that in these cases the speaker projects herself into the mind of someone else. Three different sentence-types have been classified as examples of protagonist projection: (i) sentences with factive verbs (tell+wh, know), (ii) sentences that realize free indirect discourse, and (iii) sentences that do not realize free indirect discourse, but are still assumed to be instances of speaking from someone else's perspective. Regarding the sentences in (i), I argue, following Tsohatzidis (1993, 1997, 2012), that neither tell+wh nor know must be considered as factive predicates. As for the sentences of type (ii), I conclude that free indirect discourse is an instance of protagonist projection. Finally, the sentences of type (iii) are accounted for as cases of utterances whose syntax is partially unpronounced.</p>},
  author       = {Dahlman, Roberta Colonna},
  issn         = {1877-3095},
  keyword      = {factivity,free indirect discourse,protagonist projection,unpronounced structure},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {134--153},
  series       = {International Review of Pragmatics},
  title        = {The protagonist projection hypothesis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/18773109-00901004},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2017},
}