Advanced

APP depletion alters selective pre- and post-synaptic proteins

Martinsson, Isak LU ; Capetillo-Zarate, Estibaliz ; Faideau, Mathilde LU ; Willén, Katarina LU ; Esteras, Noemi ; Frykman, Susanne ; Tjernberg, Lars O. and Gouras, Gunnar K. LU (2019) In Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience 95. p.86-95
Abstract

The normal role of Alzheimer's disease (AD)-linked amyloid precursor protein (APP) in the brain remains incompletely understood. Previous studies have reported that lack of APP has detrimental effects on spines and electrophysiological parameters. APP has been described to be important in synaptic pruning during development. The effect of APP knockout on mature synapses is complicated by this role in development. We previously reported on differential changes in synaptic proteins and receptors in APP mutant AD transgenic compared to wild-type neurons, which revealed selective decreases in levels of pre- and post-synaptic proteins, including of surface glutamate receptors. In the present study, we undertook a similar analysis of synaptic... (More)

The normal role of Alzheimer's disease (AD)-linked amyloid precursor protein (APP) in the brain remains incompletely understood. Previous studies have reported that lack of APP has detrimental effects on spines and electrophysiological parameters. APP has been described to be important in synaptic pruning during development. The effect of APP knockout on mature synapses is complicated by this role in development. We previously reported on differential changes in synaptic proteins and receptors in APP mutant AD transgenic compared to wild-type neurons, which revealed selective decreases in levels of pre- and post-synaptic proteins, including of surface glutamate receptors. In the present study, we undertook a similar analysis of synaptic composition but now in APP knockout compared to wild-type mouse neurons. Here we demonstrate alterations in levels of selective pre- and post-synaptic proteins and receptors in APP knockout compared to wild-type mouse primary neurons in culture and brains of mice in youth and adulthood. Remarkably, we demonstrate selective increases in levels of synaptic proteins, such as GluA1, in neurons with APP knockout and with RNAi knockdown, which tended to be opposite to the reductions seen in AD transgenic APP mutant compared to wild-type neurons. These data reinforce that APP is important for the normal composition of synapses.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Alzheimer's disease, AMPA receptors, Amyloid, Amyloid precursor protein, Synapse
in
Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience
volume
95
pages
10 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85061606518
  • pmid:30763689
ISSN
1044-7431
DOI
10.1016/j.mcn.2019.02.003
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
73c7d981-c4c1-4563-a056-c395a600ee5e
date added to LUP
2019-02-25 12:06:02
date last changed
2020-02-19 05:21:16
@article{73c7d981-c4c1-4563-a056-c395a600ee5e,
  abstract     = {<p>The normal role of Alzheimer's disease (AD)-linked amyloid precursor protein (APP) in the brain remains incompletely understood. Previous studies have reported that lack of APP has detrimental effects on spines and electrophysiological parameters. APP has been described to be important in synaptic pruning during development. The effect of APP knockout on mature synapses is complicated by this role in development. We previously reported on differential changes in synaptic proteins and receptors in APP mutant AD transgenic compared to wild-type neurons, which revealed selective decreases in levels of pre- and post-synaptic proteins, including of surface glutamate receptors. In the present study, we undertook a similar analysis of synaptic composition but now in APP knockout compared to wild-type mouse neurons. Here we demonstrate alterations in levels of selective pre- and post-synaptic proteins and receptors in APP knockout compared to wild-type mouse primary neurons in culture and brains of mice in youth and adulthood. Remarkably, we demonstrate selective increases in levels of synaptic proteins, such as GluA1, in neurons with APP knockout and with RNAi knockdown, which tended to be opposite to the reductions seen in AD transgenic APP mutant compared to wild-type neurons. These data reinforce that APP is important for the normal composition of synapses.</p>},
  author       = {Martinsson, Isak and Capetillo-Zarate, Estibaliz and Faideau, Mathilde and Willén, Katarina and Esteras, Noemi and Frykman, Susanne and Tjernberg, Lars O. and Gouras, Gunnar K.},
  issn         = {1044-7431},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {86--95},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience},
  title        = {APP depletion alters selective pre- and post-synaptic proteins},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mcn.2019.02.003},
  doi          = {10.1016/j.mcn.2019.02.003},
  volume       = {95},
  year         = {2019},
}