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4MOST-4-metre Multi-Object Spectroscopic Telescope

de Jong, Roelof S.; Barden, Sam; Bellido-Tirado, Olga; Brynnel, Joar; Chiappini, Cristina; Depagne, Eric; Haynes, Roger; Johl, Diane; Phillips, Daniel P. and Schnurr, Olivier, et al. (2014) 5th Conference on Ground-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy In Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V 9147.
Abstract
4MOST is a wide-field, high-multiplex spectroscopic survey facility under development for the VISTA telescope of the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Its main science drivers are in the fields of galactic archeology, high-energy physics, galaxy evolution and cosmology. 4MOST will in particular provide the spectroscopic complements to the large area surveys coming from space missions like Gaia, eROSITA, Euclid, and PLATO and from ground-based facilities like VISTA, VST, DES, LSST and SKA. The 4MOST baseline concept features a 2.5 degree diameter field-of-view with similar to 2400 fibres in the focal surface that are configured by a fibre positioner based on the tilting spine principle. The fibres feed two types of spectrographs; similar... (More)
4MOST is a wide-field, high-multiplex spectroscopic survey facility under development for the VISTA telescope of the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Its main science drivers are in the fields of galactic archeology, high-energy physics, galaxy evolution and cosmology. 4MOST will in particular provide the spectroscopic complements to the large area surveys coming from space missions like Gaia, eROSITA, Euclid, and PLATO and from ground-based facilities like VISTA, VST, DES, LSST and SKA. The 4MOST baseline concept features a 2.5 degree diameter field-of-view with similar to 2400 fibres in the focal surface that are configured by a fibre positioner based on the tilting spine principle. The fibres feed two types of spectrographs; similar to 1600 fibres go to two spectrographs with resolution R> 5000 (lambda similar to 390-930 nm) and similar to 800 fibres to a spectrograph with R> 18,000 (lambda similar to 392-437 nm & 515-572 nm & 605-675 nm). Both types of spectrographs are fixed-configuration, three-channel spectrographs. 4MOST will have an unique operations concept in which 5 year public surveys from both the consortium and the ESO community will be combined and observed in parallel during each exposure, resulting in more than 25 million spectra of targets spread over a large fraction of the southern sky. The 4MOST Facility Simulator (4FS) was developed to demonstrate the feasibility of this observing concept. 4MOST has been accepted for implementation by ESO with operations expected to start by the end of 2020. This paper provides a top-level overview of the 4MOST facility, while other papers in these proceedings provide more detailed descriptions of the instrument concept[1], the instrument requirements development[2], the systems engineering implementation[3], the instrument model[4], the fibre positioner concepts[5], the fibre feed[6], and the spectrographs[7]. (Less)
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Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
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subject
keywords
Wide-field multi-object spectrograph facility, VISTA telescope, tilting-spine fibre postioner, wide field corrector, facility simulator, science operations, Gaia, eROSITA
in
Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V
volume
9147
publisher
SPIE
conference name
5th Conference on Ground-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy
external identifiers
  • wos:000354527800019
  • scopus:84922734334
ISSN
1996-756X
0277-786X
DOI
10.1117/12.2055826
language
English
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yes
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c8111086-a3cc-4f32-9759-142bff7044e6 (old id 7411152)
date added to LUP
2015-06-29 09:21:09
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@inproceedings{c8111086-a3cc-4f32-9759-142bff7044e6,
  abstract     = {4MOST is a wide-field, high-multiplex spectroscopic survey facility under development for the VISTA telescope of the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Its main science drivers are in the fields of galactic archeology, high-energy physics, galaxy evolution and cosmology. 4MOST will in particular provide the spectroscopic complements to the large area surveys coming from space missions like Gaia, eROSITA, Euclid, and PLATO and from ground-based facilities like VISTA, VST, DES, LSST and SKA. The 4MOST baseline concept features a 2.5 degree diameter field-of-view with similar to 2400 fibres in the focal surface that are configured by a fibre positioner based on the tilting spine principle. The fibres feed two types of spectrographs; similar to 1600 fibres go to two spectrographs with resolution R> 5000 (lambda similar to 390-930 nm) and similar to 800 fibres to a spectrograph with R> 18,000 (lambda similar to 392-437 nm & 515-572 nm & 605-675 nm). Both types of spectrographs are fixed-configuration, three-channel spectrographs. 4MOST will have an unique operations concept in which 5 year public surveys from both the consortium and the ESO community will be combined and observed in parallel during each exposure, resulting in more than 25 million spectra of targets spread over a large fraction of the southern sky. The 4MOST Facility Simulator (4FS) was developed to demonstrate the feasibility of this observing concept. 4MOST has been accepted for implementation by ESO with operations expected to start by the end of 2020. This paper provides a top-level overview of the 4MOST facility, while other papers in these proceedings provide more detailed descriptions of the instrument concept[1], the instrument requirements development[2], the systems engineering implementation[3], the instrument model[4], the fibre positioner concepts[5], the fibre feed[6], and the spectrographs[7].},
  author       = {de Jong, Roelof S. and Barden, Sam and Bellido-Tirado, Olga and Brynnel, Joar and Chiappini, Cristina and Depagne, Eric and Haynes, Roger and Johl, Diane and Phillips, Daniel P. and Schnurr, Olivier and Schwope, Axel and Walcher, Jakob and Bauer, Svend-Marian and Cescutti, Gabriele and Cioni, Maria-Rosa and Dionies, Frank and Enke, Harry and Haynes, Dionne and Kelz, Andreas and Kitaura, Francisco S. and Lamer, Georg and Minchev, Ivan and Mueler, Volker and Nuza, Sebastian E. and Olaya, Jean-Christophe and Piffl, Tilman and Popow, Emil and Saviauk, Allar and Steinmetz, Matthias and Ural, Ugur and Valentini, Monica and Winkler, Roland and Wisotzki, Lutz and Ansorge, Wolfgang R. and Banerji, Manda and Solares, Eduardo Gonzalez and Irwin, Mike and Kennicutt Jr., Robert C. and King, David and McMahon, Richard and Koposov, Sergey and Parry, Ian R. and Sun, Xiaowei and Walton, Nicholas A. and Finger, Gert and Iwert, Olaf and Krumpe, Mirko and Lizon, Jean-Louis and Mainieri, Vincenzo and Amans, Jean-Philippe and Bonifacio, Piercarlo and Cohen, Mathieu and Francois, Patrick and Jagourel, Pascal and Mignot, Shan B. and Royer, Frederic and Sartoretti, Paola and Bender, Ralf and Hess, Hans-Joachim and Lang-Bardl, Florian and Muschielok, Bernard and Schlichter, Jorg and Bohringer, Hans and Boller, Thomas and Bongiorno, Angela and Brusa, Marcella and Dwelly, Tom and Merloni, Andrea and Nandra, Kirpal and Salvato, Mara and Pragt, Johannes H. and Navarro, Ramon and Gerlofsma, Gerrit and Roelfsema, Ronald and Dalton, Gavin B. and Middleton, Kevin F. and Tosh, Ian A. and Boeche, Corrado and Caffau, Elisabetta and Chistlieb, Norbert and Grebel, Eva K. and Hansen, Camilla J. and Koch, Andreas and Ludwig, Hans-G. and Mandel, Holger and Quirrenbach, Andreas and Sbordone, Luca and Seifert, Walter and Thimm, Guido and Helmi, Amina and Trager, Scott C. and Bensby, Thomas and Feltzing, Sofia and Ruchti, Gregory and Edvardsson, Bengt and Korn, Andreas and Lind, Krain and Boland, Wilfried and Colless, Matthew and Frost, Gabriella and Gilbert, James and Gillingham, Peter and Lawrence, Jon and Legg, Neville and Saunders, Will and Sheinis, Andrew and Driver, Simon and Robotham, Aaron and Bacon, Roland and Caillier, Patrick and Kosmalski, Johan and Laurent, Florence and Richard, Johan},
  booktitle    = {Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V},
  issn         = {1996-756X},
  keyword      = {Wide-field multi-object spectrograph facility,VISTA telescope,tilting-spine fibre postioner,wide field corrector,facility simulator,science operations,Gaia,eROSITA},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {SPIE},
  title        = {4MOST-4-metre Multi-Object Spectroscopic Telescope},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2055826},
  volume       = {9147},
  year         = {2014},
}