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The 4MOST instrument concept overview

Haynes, Roger; Barden, Sam; de Jong, Roelof; Schnurr, Olivier; Bellido, Olga; Walcher, Jakob; Haynes, Dionne; Winkler, Roland; Bauer, Svend-Marian and Dionies, Frank, et al. (2014) 5th Conference on Ground-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy In Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V 9147. p.91476-91476
Abstract
The 4MOST([1]) instrument is a concept for a wide-field, fibre-fed high multiplex spectroscopic instrument facility on the ESO VISTA telescope designed to perform a massive (initially >25x10(6) spectra in 5 years) combined all-sky public survey. The main science drivers are: Gaia follow up of chemo-dynamical structure of the Milky Way, stellar radial velocities, parameters and abundances, chemical tagging; eROSITA follow up of cosmology with x-ray clusters of galaxies, X-ray AGN/galaxy evolution to z similar to 5, Galactic X-ray sources and resolving the Galactic edge; Euclid/LSST/SKA and other survey follow up of Dark Energy, Galaxy evolution and transients. The surveys will be undertaken simultaneously requiring: highly advanced... (More)
The 4MOST([1]) instrument is a concept for a wide-field, fibre-fed high multiplex spectroscopic instrument facility on the ESO VISTA telescope designed to perform a massive (initially >25x10(6) spectra in 5 years) combined all-sky public survey. The main science drivers are: Gaia follow up of chemo-dynamical structure of the Milky Way, stellar radial velocities, parameters and abundances, chemical tagging; eROSITA follow up of cosmology with x-ray clusters of galaxies, X-ray AGN/galaxy evolution to z similar to 5, Galactic X-ray sources and resolving the Galactic edge; Euclid/LSST/SKA and other survey follow up of Dark Energy, Galaxy evolution and transients. The surveys will be undertaken simultaneously requiring: highly advanced targeting and scheduling software, also comprehensive data reduction and analysis tools to produce high-level data products. The instrument will allow simultaneous observations of similar to 1600 targets at R similar to 5,000 from 390-900nm and similar to 800 targets at R>18,000 in three channels between similar to 395-675nm (channel bandwidth: 45nm blue, 57nm green and 69nm red) over a hexagonal field of view of similar to 4.1 degrees2. The initial 5-year 4MOST survey is currently expect to start in 2020. We provide and overview of the 4MOST systems: opto-mechanical, control, data management and operations concepts; and initial performance estimates. (Less)
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type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
4MOST, VISTA, spectroscopic facility, wide field MOS, multi-object, optical fibre, system design
in
Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V
volume
9147
pages
91476 - 91476
publisher
SPIE
conference name
5th Conference on Ground-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy
external identifiers
  • wos:000354527800196
  • scopus:84922749779
ISSN
0277-786X
1996-756X
DOI
10.1117/12.2057253
language
English
LU publication?
yes
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b54e6807-3f4a-4ff5-92ca-a220c1da5ab3 (old id 7411267)
date added to LUP
2015-06-29 09:16:43
date last changed
2017-02-19 03:17:30
@inproceedings{b54e6807-3f4a-4ff5-92ca-a220c1da5ab3,
  abstract     = {The 4MOST([1]) instrument is a concept for a wide-field, fibre-fed high multiplex spectroscopic instrument facility on the ESO VISTA telescope designed to perform a massive (initially >25x10(6) spectra in 5 years) combined all-sky public survey. The main science drivers are: Gaia follow up of chemo-dynamical structure of the Milky Way, stellar radial velocities, parameters and abundances, chemical tagging; eROSITA follow up of cosmology with x-ray clusters of galaxies, X-ray AGN/galaxy evolution to z similar to 5, Galactic X-ray sources and resolving the Galactic edge; Euclid/LSST/SKA and other survey follow up of Dark Energy, Galaxy evolution and transients. The surveys will be undertaken simultaneously requiring: highly advanced targeting and scheduling software, also comprehensive data reduction and analysis tools to produce high-level data products. The instrument will allow simultaneous observations of similar to 1600 targets at R similar to 5,000 from 390-900nm and similar to 800 targets at R>18,000 in three channels between similar to 395-675nm (channel bandwidth: 45nm blue, 57nm green and 69nm red) over a hexagonal field of view of similar to 4.1 degrees2. The initial 5-year 4MOST survey is currently expect to start in 2020. We provide and overview of the 4MOST systems: opto-mechanical, control, data management and operations concepts; and initial performance estimates.},
  author       = {Haynes, Roger and Barden, Sam and de Jong, Roelof and Schnurr, Olivier and Bellido, Olga and Walcher, Jakob and Haynes, Dionne and Winkler, Roland and Bauer, Svend-Marian and Dionies, Frank and Saviauk, Allar and Chiappini, Cristina and Schwope, Axel and Brynnel, Joar and Steinmetz, Matthias and McMahon, Richard and Feltzing, Sofia and Francois, Patrick and Trager, Scott and Parry, Ian and Irwin, Mike and Walton, Nicholas and King, David and Sun, David and Gonzalez-Solares, Eduaro and Tosh, Ian and Dalton, Gavin and Middleton, Kevin and Bonifacio, Piercarlo and Jagourel, Pascal and Mignot, Shan. and Cohen, Mathieu and Amans, Jean-Philippe and Royer, Frederic and Sartoretti, Paola and Pragt, Johan and Gerlofsma, Gerrit and Roelfsema, Ronald and Navarro, Ramon and Thimm, Guido and Seifert, Walter and Christleib, Norbert and Mandel, Holger and Trifonov, Trifon and Xu, Wenli and Lang-Bardl, Florian and Muschielok, Bernard and Schlichter, Jeorg and Hess, Hans-Joachim and Grupp, Frank and Boehringer, Hans and Boller, Thomas and Dwelly, Tom and Bender, Ralf and Rosati, Piero and Iwert, Olaf and Finger, Gert and L'Allemand, Jean-Louis Lizon and Saunders, Will and Sheinis, Andrew and Frost, Gabriella and Farrell, Tony and Waller, Lew and Depagne, Eric and Laurent, Florence and Caillier, Patrick and Kosmalski, Johan and Richard, Johan and Bacon, Roland and Ansorge, Wolfgang},
  booktitle    = {Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V},
  issn         = {0277-786X},
  keyword      = {4MOST,VISTA,spectroscopic facility,wide field MOS,multi-object,optical fibre,system design},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {91476--91476},
  publisher    = {SPIE},
  title        = {The 4MOST instrument concept overview},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2057253},
  volume       = {9147},
  year         = {2014},
}