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New evidence on the introduction, cultivation and processing of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) in southern Sweden

Larsson, Mikael LU and Lagerås, Per (2015) In Environmental Archaeology 20(2). p.111-119
Abstract
Subfossil remains of Cannabis sativa L. (hemp) have been found at Lindangelund in the region of Malmo, southern Sweden. These represent the earliest robust evidence so far for hemp retting in Scandinavia. Finds of seeds, stems and pollen of C. sativa from a waterlogged context on a settlement dating to the Roman Iron Age demonstrate that the plant was locally cultivated and processed during the 1st-2nd centuries AD. An introductory phase in Scandinavia is proposed (c. AD 1-400) during which the cultivation of hemp was apparently small scale and processing was probably carried out within settlements. In the succeeding centuries, c. AD 400-550 (the Migration Period), remains of hemp are mostly found in pollen records from lake sediments, and... (More)
Subfossil remains of Cannabis sativa L. (hemp) have been found at Lindangelund in the region of Malmo, southern Sweden. These represent the earliest robust evidence so far for hemp retting in Scandinavia. Finds of seeds, stems and pollen of C. sativa from a waterlogged context on a settlement dating to the Roman Iron Age demonstrate that the plant was locally cultivated and processed during the 1st-2nd centuries AD. An introductory phase in Scandinavia is proposed (c. AD 1-400) during which the cultivation of hemp was apparently small scale and processing was probably carried out within settlements. In the succeeding centuries, c. AD 400-550 (the Migration Period), remains of hemp are mostly found in pollen records from lake sediments, and less frequently in the archaeological record. This could indicate that the process of hemp retting relocated from settlements to lakes shores where activity became larger in scale and more integrated with the prevailing agricultural system. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Cannabis sativa, Hemp, Retting, Roman Iron Age, Sweden, Scandinavia
in
Environmental Archaeology
volume
20
issue
2
pages
111 - 119
publisher
Maney on behalf of Association for Environmental Archaeology
external identifiers
  • wos:000353590200001
  • scopus:84983740553
ISSN
1461-4103
DOI
10.1179/1749631414Y.0000000029
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
142610cc-b911-4228-bcaf-1de73e66bf2c (old id 7433116)
date added to LUP
2015-06-24 09:28:22
date last changed
2017-04-09 03:11:30
@article{142610cc-b911-4228-bcaf-1de73e66bf2c,
  abstract     = {Subfossil remains of Cannabis sativa L. (hemp) have been found at Lindangelund in the region of Malmo, southern Sweden. These represent the earliest robust evidence so far for hemp retting in Scandinavia. Finds of seeds, stems and pollen of C. sativa from a waterlogged context on a settlement dating to the Roman Iron Age demonstrate that the plant was locally cultivated and processed during the 1st-2nd centuries AD. An introductory phase in Scandinavia is proposed (c. AD 1-400) during which the cultivation of hemp was apparently small scale and processing was probably carried out within settlements. In the succeeding centuries, c. AD 400-550 (the Migration Period), remains of hemp are mostly found in pollen records from lake sediments, and less frequently in the archaeological record. This could indicate that the process of hemp retting relocated from settlements to lakes shores where activity became larger in scale and more integrated with the prevailing agricultural system.},
  author       = {Larsson, Mikael and Lagerås, Per},
  issn         = {1461-4103},
  keyword      = {Cannabis sativa,Hemp,Retting,Roman Iron Age,Sweden,Scandinavia},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {111--119},
  publisher    = {Maney on behalf of Association for Environmental Archaeology},
  series       = {Environmental Archaeology},
  title        = {New evidence on the introduction, cultivation and processing of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) in southern Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/1749631414Y.0000000029},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2015},
}