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A resource curse for renewables? Conflict and cooperation in the renewable energy sector

Månsson, André LU (2015) In Energy Research & Social Science 10(November). p.1-9
Abstract
Previous studies have shown that fossil energy systems can be a conflict objective, means or cause. This study explores how renewable energy (RE) systems can interact with conflicts and to what extent the risk of different conflicts may change. Renewable resources, in contrast to conventional fossil resources, are more difficult to control in time and space. RE systems depend on exploiting flows rather than extracting stocks, are geographically more evenly distributed, and the energy density is lower. As a consequence, economic and geopolitical incentives for states to engage in conflicts to secure or control RE resources are low. However, increased competition for land increases the risk of local conflicts that involve non-state actors,... (More)
Previous studies have shown that fossil energy systems can be a conflict objective, means or cause. This study explores how renewable energy (RE) systems can interact with conflicts and to what extent the risk of different conflicts may change. Renewable resources, in contrast to conventional fossil resources, are more difficult to control in time and space. RE systems depend on exploiting flows rather than extracting stocks, are geographically more evenly distributed, and the energy density is lower. As a consequence, economic and geopolitical incentives for states to engage in conflicts to secure or control RE resources are low. However, increased competition for land increases the risk of local conflicts that involve non-state actors, since it can reduce actor's ecological space. Distribution and use of RE can be designed to have a low risk of interacting with conflicts, but the success of this depends on the technologies implemented and other sustainability policies. Increased dependence on control systems used to manage variable electricity production increase exposure to cyber threats while as small-scale distributed generation reduce incentives to attack the system since such systems are less sensitive to attacks. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Renewable energy, Security, Conflict, Energy security
in
Energy Research & Social Science
volume
10
issue
November
pages
1 - 9
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:84933516300
ISSN
2214-6326
DOI
10.1016/j.erss.2015.06.008
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e8e65543-8699-47b9-841a-6268125fdcb0 (old id 7456540)
date added to LUP
2015-06-29 10:46:24
date last changed
2017-10-29 03:16:59
@article{e8e65543-8699-47b9-841a-6268125fdcb0,
  abstract     = {Previous studies have shown that fossil energy systems can be a conflict objective, means or cause. This study explores how renewable energy (RE) systems can interact with conflicts and to what extent the risk of different conflicts may change. Renewable resources, in contrast to conventional fossil resources, are more difficult to control in time and space. RE systems depend on exploiting flows rather than extracting stocks, are geographically more evenly distributed, and the energy density is lower. As a consequence, economic and geopolitical incentives for states to engage in conflicts to secure or control RE resources are low. However, increased competition for land increases the risk of local conflicts that involve non-state actors, since it can reduce actor's ecological space. Distribution and use of RE can be designed to have a low risk of interacting with conflicts, but the success of this depends on the technologies implemented and other sustainability policies. Increased dependence on control systems used to manage variable electricity production increase exposure to cyber threats while as small-scale distributed generation reduce incentives to attack the system since such systems are less sensitive to attacks.},
  author       = {Månsson, André},
  issn         = {2214-6326},
  keyword      = {Renewable energy,Security,Conflict,Energy security},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {November},
  pages        = {1--9},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Energy Research & Social Science},
  title        = {A resource curse for renewables? Conflict and cooperation in the renewable energy sector},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2015.06.008},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2015},
}