Advanced

Socioeconomic determinants and metabolic syndrome : Results from the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program

Gharipour, Mojgan; Sadeghi, Masoumeh; Nouri, Fatemeh; Nezafati, Pouya; Qader, Saleem S. LU ; Taheri, Marzieh; Maghroun, Maryam; Abdalvand, Ali; Soleimani, Bahram and Sarrafzadegan, Nizal (2016) In Acta Biomedica 87(3). p.291-298
Abstract

Introduction: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is increasing in Iran. We assessed the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and Mets components in the Iranian population. Materi- als and Methods: The sample for this study comprised a random cross-section of men and women from two province districts who participated in the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP) in 2007. Each participant completed a questionnaire, underwent anthropometric testing and blood pressure measurements, and pro- vided a blood sample. Mets was defined based on ATPIII criteria. Several SES dimensions, such as education, occupation, and number of children, as well as home, car, and personal computer ownership, were assessed to determine the... (More)

Introduction: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is increasing in Iran. We assessed the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and Mets components in the Iranian population. Materi- als and Methods: The sample for this study comprised a random cross-section of men and women from two province districts who participated in the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP) in 2007. Each participant completed a questionnaire, underwent anthropometric testing and blood pressure measurements, and pro- vided a blood sample. Mets was defined based on ATPIII criteria. Several SES dimensions, such as education, occupation, and number of children, as well as home, car, and personal computer ownership, were assessed to determine the participant’s SES. Results: A higher-than-average income, car ownership, owning or renting a private home, and having a computer are increasing towards increment in SES. All MetS components were more prevalent in participants defined as having a lower SES, while low HDL levels were more common in participants having an SES II (P>0.001). A multivariate analysis showed that having the lowest SES (I) increased the risk of MetS by 1.72 [1.44-2.07], whereas subjects having an SES III had a 1.23 [1.04-1.47] lower risk for MetS. Conclusions: The relationship between SES and Mets is due largely to behavioural factors, such as practicing unhealthy eating habits. Given the high prevalence of Mets in Iran, we propose that regular health check-ups may be useful in the early detection of the syndrome and, consequently, in the prevention of its effects. In addition, the early detection of MetS may result in the early diagnosis and prevention of car- diovascular diseases. (www.actabiomedica.it)

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Metabolic syndrome, MetS, Socioeconomic status
in
Acta Biomedica
volume
87
issue
3
pages
8 pages
publisher
L'Ateneo Parmense
external identifiers
  • scopus:85012965543
ISSN
0392-4203
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
74b49ca1-86f4-4f2b-b112-70a7148c6357
date added to LUP
2017-03-03 12:40:15
date last changed
2017-05-16 15:04:22
@article{74b49ca1-86f4-4f2b-b112-70a7148c6357,
  abstract     = {<p>Introduction: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is increasing in Iran. We assessed the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and Mets components in the Iranian population. Materi- als and Methods: The sample for this study comprised a random cross-section of men and women from two province districts who participated in the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP) in 2007. Each participant completed a questionnaire, underwent anthropometric testing and blood pressure measurements, and pro- vided a blood sample. Mets was defined based on ATPIII criteria. Several SES dimensions, such as education, occupation, and number of children, as well as home, car, and personal computer ownership, were assessed to determine the participant’s SES. Results: A higher-than-average income, car ownership, owning or renting a private home, and having a computer are increasing towards increment in SES. All MetS components were more prevalent in participants defined as having a lower SES, while low HDL levels were more common in participants having an SES II (P&gt;0.001). A multivariate analysis showed that having the lowest SES (I) increased the risk of MetS by 1.72 [1.44-2.07], whereas subjects having an SES III had a 1.23 [1.04-1.47] lower risk for MetS. Conclusions: The relationship between SES and Mets is due largely to behavioural factors, such as practicing unhealthy eating habits. Given the high prevalence of Mets in Iran, we propose that regular health check-ups may be useful in the early detection of the syndrome and, consequently, in the prevention of its effects. In addition, the early detection of MetS may result in the early diagnosis and prevention of car- diovascular diseases. (www.actabiomedica.it)</p>},
  author       = {Gharipour, Mojgan and Sadeghi, Masoumeh and Nouri, Fatemeh and Nezafati, Pouya and Qader, Saleem S. and Taheri, Marzieh and Maghroun, Maryam and Abdalvand, Ali and Soleimani, Bahram and Sarrafzadegan, Nizal},
  issn         = {0392-4203},
  keyword      = {Metabolic syndrome,MetS,Socioeconomic status},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {291--298},
  publisher    = {L'Ateneo Parmense},
  series       = {Acta Biomedica},
  title        = {Socioeconomic determinants and metabolic syndrome : Results from the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program},
  volume       = {87},
  year         = {2016},
}