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Burden of lower respiratory infections in the Eastern Mediterranean Region between 1990 and 2015 : findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

Mokdad, Ali H.; , and Ahmad Kiadaliri, Aliasghar LU (2017) In International Journal of Public Health
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We used data from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study (GBD) to calculate the burden of lower respiratory infections (LRIs) in the 22 countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) from 1990 to 2015.

METHODS: We conducted a systematic analysis of mortality and morbidity data for LRI and its specific etiologic factors, including pneumococcus, Haemophilus influenzae type b, Respiratory syncytial virus, and influenza virus. We used modeling methods to estimate incidence, deaths, and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). We calculated burden attributable to known risk factors for LRI.

RESULTS: In 2015, LRIs were the fourth-leading cause of DALYs, causing 11,098,243 (95% UI 9,857,095-12,396,566) DALYs and... (More)

OBJECTIVES: We used data from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study (GBD) to calculate the burden of lower respiratory infections (LRIs) in the 22 countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) from 1990 to 2015.

METHODS: We conducted a systematic analysis of mortality and morbidity data for LRI and its specific etiologic factors, including pneumococcus, Haemophilus influenzae type b, Respiratory syncytial virus, and influenza virus. We used modeling methods to estimate incidence, deaths, and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). We calculated burden attributable to known risk factors for LRI.

RESULTS: In 2015, LRIs were the fourth-leading cause of DALYs, causing 11,098,243 (95% UI 9,857,095-12,396,566) DALYs and 191,114 (95% UI 170,934-210,705) deaths. The LRI DALY rates were higher than global estimates in 2015. The highest and lowest age-standardized rates of DALYs were observed in Somalia and Lebanon, respectively. Undernutrition in childhood and ambient particulate matter air pollution in the elderly were the main risk factors.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings call for public health strategies to reduce the level of risk factors in each age group, especially vulnerable child and elderly populations.

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author
organization
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Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
in
International Journal of Public Health
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85026828839
ISSN
1661-8564
DOI
10.1007/s00038-017-1007-0
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
759739f6-94cc-44a8-b164-015f2ba5c075
date added to LUP
2017-08-13 01:33:07
date last changed
2017-09-06 08:00:32
@article{759739f6-94cc-44a8-b164-015f2ba5c075,
  abstract     = {<p>OBJECTIVES: We used data from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study (GBD) to calculate the burden of lower respiratory infections (LRIs) in the 22 countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) from 1990 to 2015.</p><p>METHODS: We conducted a systematic analysis of mortality and morbidity data for LRI and its specific etiologic factors, including pneumococcus, Haemophilus influenzae type b, Respiratory syncytial virus, and influenza virus. We used modeling methods to estimate incidence, deaths, and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). We calculated burden attributable to known risk factors for LRI.</p><p>RESULTS: In 2015, LRIs were the fourth-leading cause of DALYs, causing 11,098,243 (95% UI 9,857,095-12,396,566) DALYs and 191,114 (95% UI 170,934-210,705) deaths. The LRI DALY rates were higher than global estimates in 2015. The highest and lowest age-standardized rates of DALYs were observed in Somalia and Lebanon, respectively. Undernutrition in childhood and ambient particulate matter air pollution in the elderly were the main risk factors.</p><p>CONCLUSIONS: Our findings call for public health strategies to reduce the level of risk factors in each age group, especially vulnerable child and elderly populations.</p>},
  author       = {Mokdad, Ali H. and ,  and Ahmad Kiadaliri, Aliasghar},
  issn         = {1661-8564},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {08},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {International Journal of Public Health},
  title        = {Burden of lower respiratory infections in the Eastern Mediterranean Region between 1990 and 2015 : findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-017-1007-0},
  year         = {2017},
}