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Cropland changes in times of conflict, reconstruction, and economic development in Iraqi Kurdistan

Eklund, Lina LU ; Persson, Andreas LU and Pilesjö, Petter LU (2016) In Ambio 45(1). p.78-88
Abstract
The destruction of land and forced migration during the Anfal attacks against the Kurds in Iraq in the late 1980s has been reported to have severe consequences for agricultural development. A reconstruction program to aid people in returning to their lands was launched in 1991. To assess the agricultural situation in the Duhok governorate during the pre-Anfal (A), post-Anfal (B), reconstruction (C), and present (D) periods, we mapped winter crops by focusing on inter-annual variability in vegetation greenness, using satellite images. The results indicate a decrease in cultivated area between period A and B, and a small increase between period B and C. This supports reports of a decline in cultivated area related to the Anfal campaign, and... (More)
The destruction of land and forced migration during the Anfal attacks against the Kurds in Iraq in the late 1980s has been reported to have severe consequences for agricultural development. A reconstruction program to aid people in returning to their lands was launched in 1991. To assess the agricultural situation in the Duhok governorate during the pre-Anfal (A), post-Anfal (B), reconstruction (C), and present (D) periods, we mapped winter crops by focusing on inter-annual variability in vegetation greenness, using satellite images. The results indicate a decrease in cultivated area between period A and B, and a small increase between period B and C. This supports reports of a decline in cultivated area related to the Anfal campaign, and indicates increased activity during the reconstruction program. Period D showed a potential recovery with a cropland area similar to period A. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Agriculture, Conflict, Crop phenology, Iraqi Kurdistan, NDVI
in
Ambio
volume
45
issue
1
pages
78 - 88
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • pmid:26202089
  • wos:000368038800007
  • scopus:84954366719
ISSN
0044-7447
DOI
10.1007/s13280-015-0686-0
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4f7d38b4-bc0b-44c1-969c-17a64cdbd3d1 (old id 7767350)
date added to LUP
2015-08-28 09:22:59
date last changed
2017-06-11 03:13:22
@article{4f7d38b4-bc0b-44c1-969c-17a64cdbd3d1,
  abstract     = {The destruction of land and forced migration during the Anfal attacks against the Kurds in Iraq in the late 1980s has been reported to have severe consequences for agricultural development. A reconstruction program to aid people in returning to their lands was launched in 1991. To assess the agricultural situation in the Duhok governorate during the pre-Anfal (A), post-Anfal (B), reconstruction (C), and present (D) periods, we mapped winter crops by focusing on inter-annual variability in vegetation greenness, using satellite images. The results indicate a decrease in cultivated area between period A and B, and a small increase between period B and C. This supports reports of a decline in cultivated area related to the Anfal campaign, and indicates increased activity during the reconstruction program. Period D showed a potential recovery with a cropland area similar to period A.},
  author       = {Eklund, Lina and Persson, Andreas and Pilesjö, Petter},
  issn         = {0044-7447},
  keyword      = {Agriculture,Conflict,Crop phenology,Iraqi Kurdistan,NDVI},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {78--88},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Ambio},
  title        = {Cropland changes in times of conflict, reconstruction, and economic development in Iraqi Kurdistan},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13280-015-0686-0},
  volume       = {45},
  year         = {2016},
}