Advanced

The Role of Universities in Regional Development: Conceptual Models and Policy Institutions in the UK, Sweden and Austria

Trippl, Michaela LU ; Sinozic, Tanja and Smith, Helen Lawton (2015) In European Planning Studies 23(9). p.1722-1740
Abstract
The literature on universities' contributions to regional development is broad and diverse. A precise understanding of how regions may draw advantages from various university activities and the role of public policy institutions in promoting such activities is still missing. The aim of this paper is to provide a framework for analysing universities' contributions to regional economic and societal development in differing national contexts and the policy institutions that underpin them. To do this, we review four conceptual models: the entrepreneurial university model, the regional innovation system (RIS) model, the mode 2 university model and the engaged university model. The paper demonstrates that these four models emphasize very... (More)
The literature on universities' contributions to regional development is broad and diverse. A precise understanding of how regions may draw advantages from various university activities and the role of public policy institutions in promoting such activities is still missing. The aim of this paper is to provide a framework for analysing universities' contributions to regional economic and societal development in differing national contexts and the policy institutions that underpin them. To do this, we review four conceptual models: the entrepreneurial university model, the regional innovation system (RIS) model, the mode 2 university model and the engaged university model. The paper demonstrates that these four models emphasize very different activities and outputs by which universities are seen to benefit regional economy and society. It is also shown that these models differ markedly with respect to the policy implications and practice. Analysing some of the public policy imperatives and incentives in the UK, Austria and Sweden, the paper highlights that in the UK, policies encourage all four university models. In contrast, in Sweden and Austria, policy institutions tend to privilege the RIS university model, whilst at the same time, there is some evidence for increasing support of the entrepreneurial university model. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Sweden, Austria, public policy, universities, UK, regional development
in
European Planning Studies
volume
23
issue
9
pages
1722 - 1740
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • wos:000358412900003
  • scopus:84937251464
ISSN
1469-5944
DOI
10.1080/09654313.2015.1052782
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b31fc712-fd40-40f1-80c0-8b5f285db1ed (old id 7773620)
date added to LUP
2015-09-18 15:22:58
date last changed
2017-11-19 03:11:23
@article{b31fc712-fd40-40f1-80c0-8b5f285db1ed,
  abstract     = {The literature on universities' contributions to regional development is broad and diverse. A precise understanding of how regions may draw advantages from various university activities and the role of public policy institutions in promoting such activities is still missing. The aim of this paper is to provide a framework for analysing universities' contributions to regional economic and societal development in differing national contexts and the policy institutions that underpin them. To do this, we review four conceptual models: the entrepreneurial university model, the regional innovation system (RIS) model, the mode 2 university model and the engaged university model. The paper demonstrates that these four models emphasize very different activities and outputs by which universities are seen to benefit regional economy and society. It is also shown that these models differ markedly with respect to the policy implications and practice. Analysing some of the public policy imperatives and incentives in the UK, Austria and Sweden, the paper highlights that in the UK, policies encourage all four university models. In contrast, in Sweden and Austria, policy institutions tend to privilege the RIS university model, whilst at the same time, there is some evidence for increasing support of the entrepreneurial university model.},
  author       = {Trippl, Michaela and Sinozic, Tanja and Smith, Helen Lawton},
  issn         = {1469-5944},
  keyword      = {Sweden,Austria,public policy,universities,UK,regional development},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {1722--1740},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {European Planning Studies},
  title        = {The Role of Universities in Regional Development: Conceptual Models and Policy Institutions in the UK, Sweden and Austria},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09654313.2015.1052782},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2015},
}