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Torp och backstugor i Länghem : en studie av bebyggelsens förändringar från 1600-talet till början av 1900-talet.

Andersson, Hans LU (2007) In Lund Studies in Historical Archaeology 4.
Abstract
The paper is based on an inventory of crofts and

cottages that was made in the parish of Länghem in

the southern part of the province of Västergötland,

Sweden at the end of the 1950ies and the beginning

of the 1960ies. The parish of Länghem has both

manors (the medieval Torpa and Hofsnäs and the

17th century Sällerås) and independent villages.

The inventory was made quite traditionally. We

tried to identify the locations of the crofts and cottages.

We traced their history where it was possible

and made a commented register of them. Besides

the field material we used parish registration books

of different kinds (sw. husförhörslängder,... (More)
The paper is based on an inventory of crofts and

cottages that was made in the parish of Länghem in

the southern part of the province of Västergötland,

Sweden at the end of the 1950ies and the beginning

of the 1960ies. The parish of Länghem has both

manors (the medieval Torpa and Hofsnäs and the

17th century Sällerås) and independent villages.

The inventory was made quite traditionally. We

tried to identify the locations of the crofts and cottages.

We traced their history where it was possible

and made a commented register of them. Besides

the field material we used parish registration books

of different kinds (sw. husförhörslängder, födelseand

dödböcker) as source material. It was possible

to get a rather good picture of the 19th century settlement

in this way. For older periods the material

was later supplemented with other kinds of source

material, above all taxation assessment rolls (Sw.

mantalslängder), which in this case go back as far

as the 17th century. An official national report on

the croft settlements made in 1911 is among other

things based on parish statements, which have been

of great value for our study.

Some central questions among others in the

paper concern how these kinds of settlements are

spread over the surface of the parish chronologically

and which spatial variations there are within

the parish. The study covers the period from the

17th century to the beginning of 20th century. This

49

was a period involving many political, social, economic

and demographical changes. Through the

enclosures that occurred mainly in the 19th century

the spatial structure of the countryside was entirely

reshaped. Which consequences did this changing

structure of the landscape have for the crofts? Did

some of the croft settlements have their roots in older

farm sites, that have been deserted farms, or

through transformation of a taxed farm into a croft?

How the picture of the development of the non-freehold

settlements fits in with the general settlement

patterns is another question to discuss.

The study is presented mainly in a series of

maps, which begins in the year 1695. The result is

that the general picture, which one can find from

other parts of the country, can also be seen in Länghem,

even if there are differences, especially if you

study the situation on the village level. In my paper

I assume that there are different villages, which

have different strategies. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Book/Report
publication status
published
subject
keywords
backstuga, Sverige, Västergötland, torp, bebyggelsehistoria
in
Lund Studies in Historical Archaeology
volume
4
pages
60 pages
publisher
Almqvist & Wiksell
ISSN
1653-1183
ISBN
978-91-22-02165-0
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
ce32bcc3-bf05-49ec-842d-18e261ed6099 (old id 779716)
date added to LUP
2007-12-20 11:33:20
date last changed
2016-04-16 04:12:17
@book{ce32bcc3-bf05-49ec-842d-18e261ed6099,
  abstract     = {The paper is based on an inventory of crofts and<br/><br>
cottages that was made in the parish of Länghem in<br/><br>
the southern part of the province of Västergötland,<br/><br>
Sweden at the end of the 1950ies and the beginning<br/><br>
of the 1960ies. The parish of Länghem has both<br/><br>
manors (the medieval Torpa and Hofsnäs and the<br/><br>
17th century Sällerås) and independent villages.<br/><br>
The inventory was made quite traditionally. We<br/><br>
tried to identify the locations of the crofts and cottages.<br/><br>
We traced their history where it was possible<br/><br>
and made a commented register of them. Besides<br/><br>
the field material we used parish registration books<br/><br>
of different kinds (sw. husförhörslängder, födelseand<br/><br>
dödböcker) as source material. It was possible<br/><br>
to get a rather good picture of the 19th century settlement<br/><br>
in this way. For older periods the material<br/><br>
was later supplemented with other kinds of source<br/><br>
material, above all taxation assessment rolls (Sw.<br/><br>
mantalslängder), which in this case go back as far<br/><br>
as the 17th century. An official national report on<br/><br>
the croft settlements made in 1911 is among other<br/><br>
things based on parish statements, which have been<br/><br>
of great value for our study.<br/><br>
Some central questions among others in the<br/><br>
paper concern how these kinds of settlements are<br/><br>
spread over the surface of the parish chronologically<br/><br>
and which spatial variations there are within<br/><br>
the parish. The study covers the period from the<br/><br>
17th century to the beginning of 20th century. This<br/><br>
49<br/><br>
was a period involving many political, social, economic<br/><br>
and demographical changes. Through the<br/><br>
enclosures that occurred mainly in the 19th century<br/><br>
the spatial structure of the countryside was entirely<br/><br>
reshaped. Which consequences did this changing<br/><br>
structure of the landscape have for the crofts? Did<br/><br>
some of the croft settlements have their roots in older<br/><br>
farm sites, that have been deserted farms, or<br/><br>
through transformation of a taxed farm into a croft?<br/><br>
How the picture of the development of the non-freehold<br/><br>
settlements fits in with the general settlement<br/><br>
patterns is another question to discuss.<br/><br>
The study is presented mainly in a series of<br/><br>
maps, which begins in the year 1695. The result is<br/><br>
that the general picture, which one can find from<br/><br>
other parts of the country, can also be seen in Länghem,<br/><br>
even if there are differences, especially if you<br/><br>
study the situation on the village level. In my paper<br/><br>
I assume that there are different villages, which<br/><br>
have different strategies.},
  author       = {Andersson, Hans},
  isbn         = {978-91-22-02165-0},
  issn         = {1653-1183},
  keyword      = {backstuga,Sverige,Västergötland,torp,bebyggelsehistoria},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {60},
  publisher    = {Almqvist & Wiksell},
  series       = {Lund Studies in Historical Archaeology},
  title        = {Torp och backstugor i Länghem : en studie av bebyggelsens förändringar från 1600-talet till början av 1900-talet.},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2007},
}