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Model-data synthesis for the next generation of forest free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) experiments.

Norby, Richard J; De Kauwe, Martin G; Domingues, Tomas F; Duursma, Remko A; Ellsworth, David S; Goll, Daniel S; Lapola, David M; Luus, Kristina A; MacKenzie, A Rob and Medlyn, Belinda E, et al. (2016) In New Phytologist 209(1). p.17-28
Abstract
The first generation of forest free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) experiments has successfully provided deeper understanding about how forests respond to an increasing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere. Located in aggrading stands in the temperate zone, they have provided a strong foundation for testing critical assumptions in terrestrial biosphere models that are being used to project future interactions between forest productivity and the atmosphere, despite the limited inference space of these experiments with regards to the range of global ecosystems. Now, a new generation of FACE experiments in mature forests in different biomes and over a wide range of climate space and biodiversity will significantly expand the inference space. These... (More)
The first generation of forest free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) experiments has successfully provided deeper understanding about how forests respond to an increasing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere. Located in aggrading stands in the temperate zone, they have provided a strong foundation for testing critical assumptions in terrestrial biosphere models that are being used to project future interactions between forest productivity and the atmosphere, despite the limited inference space of these experiments with regards to the range of global ecosystems. Now, a new generation of FACE experiments in mature forests in different biomes and over a wide range of climate space and biodiversity will significantly expand the inference space. These new experiments are: EucFACE in a mature Eucalyptus stand on highly weathered soil in subtropical Australia; AmazonFACE in a highly diverse, primary rainforest in Brazil; BIFoR-FACE in a 150-yr-old deciduous woodland stand in central England; and SwedFACE proposed in a hemiboreal, Pinus sylvestris stand in Sweden. We now have a unique opportunity to initiate a model-data interaction as an integral part of experimental design and to address a set of cross-site science questions on topics including responses of mature forests; interactions with temperature, water stress, and phosphorus limitation; and the influence of biodiversity. (Less)
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
climate, elevated CO2, biodiversity, free-air CO2 enrichment, forest, model-data synthesis, (FACE), phosphorus (P), nitrogen (N)
in
New Phytologist
volume
209
issue
1
pages
17 - 28
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000365393700006
  • pmid:26249015
  • scopus:84949316531
ISSN
1469-8137
DOI
10.1111/nph.13593
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2d5ddefd-6e20-4ec3-a9a3-48fceea046a9 (old id 7844507)
date added to LUP
2016-01-29 12:14:43
date last changed
2017-11-12 03:14:06
@article{2d5ddefd-6e20-4ec3-a9a3-48fceea046a9,
  abstract     = {The first generation of forest free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) experiments has successfully provided deeper understanding about how forests respond to an increasing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere. Located in aggrading stands in the temperate zone, they have provided a strong foundation for testing critical assumptions in terrestrial biosphere models that are being used to project future interactions between forest productivity and the atmosphere, despite the limited inference space of these experiments with regards to the range of global ecosystems. Now, a new generation of FACE experiments in mature forests in different biomes and over a wide range of climate space and biodiversity will significantly expand the inference space. These new experiments are: EucFACE in a mature Eucalyptus stand on highly weathered soil in subtropical Australia; AmazonFACE in a highly diverse, primary rainforest in Brazil; BIFoR-FACE in a 150-yr-old deciduous woodland stand in central England; and SwedFACE proposed in a hemiboreal, Pinus sylvestris stand in Sweden. We now have a unique opportunity to initiate a model-data interaction as an integral part of experimental design and to address a set of cross-site science questions on topics including responses of mature forests; interactions with temperature, water stress, and phosphorus limitation; and the influence of biodiversity.},
  author       = {Norby, Richard J and De Kauwe, Martin G and Domingues, Tomas F and Duursma, Remko A and Ellsworth, David S and Goll, Daniel S and Lapola, David M and Luus, Kristina A and MacKenzie, A Rob and Medlyn, Belinda E and Pavlick, Ryan and Rammig, Anja and Smith, Benjamin and Thomas, Rick and Thonicke, Kirsten and Walker, Anthony P and Yang, Xiaojuan and Zaehle, Sönke},
  issn         = {1469-8137},
  keyword      = {climate,elevated CO2,biodiversity,free-air CO2 enrichment,forest,model-data synthesis,(FACE),phosphorus (P),nitrogen (N)},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {17--28},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {New Phytologist},
  title        = {Model-data synthesis for the next generation of forest free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) experiments.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nph.13593},
  volume       = {209},
  year         = {2016},
}