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Variable Message Signs for road tunnel emergency evacuations

Ronchi, Enrico LU ; Nilsson, Daniel LU ; Modig, Henric and Lindgren Walter, Anders (2016) In Applied Ergonomics 52. p.253-264
Abstract
This paper investigates the design of Variable Message Signs (VMS) as a way-finding aid for road tunnel emergency evacuations. The use of the Theory of Affordances is suggested to provide recommendations on the design of VMS. A preliminary evaluation of 11 selected VMS systems was performed and 6 of them were further evaluated using an affordance-based within subject stated-preference questionnaire administered to a sample of 62 participants. Results are used to provide recommendations on the characteristics of the VMS systems, such as (1) size of the sign (large or small); (2) use of flashing lights; (3) colour scheme; (4) message coding (i.e., text, pictograms or a combination of them). The best performing VMS features for road tunnel... (More)
This paper investigates the design of Variable Message Signs (VMS) as a way-finding aid for road tunnel emergency evacuations. The use of the Theory of Affordances is suggested to provide recommendations on the design of VMS. A preliminary evaluation of 11 selected VMS systems was performed and 6 of them were further evaluated using an affordance-based within subject stated-preference questionnaire administered to a sample of 62 participants. Results are used to provide recommendations on the characteristics of the VMS systems, such as (1) size of the sign (large or small); (2) use of flashing lights; (3) colour scheme; (4) message coding (i.e., text, pictograms or a combination of them). The best performing VMS features for road tunnel emergency evacuation included the use of larger signs, flashing lights, the combination of emergency exit pictorial symbol in green in one panel and text in amber in the other panel. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
System design, Notification, Way-finding, Theory of Affordances, Tunnel evacuation, Variable Message Sign, Emergency evacuation
in
Applied Ergonomics
volume
52
pages
253 - 264
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:26360217
  • wos:000362133400030
  • scopus:84940982507
ISSN
1872-9126
DOI
10.1016/j.apergo.2015.07.025
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
dd000f07-c678-4c6c-a4a3-fe2378dff487 (old id 7854666)
date added to LUP
2015-09-29 14:06:39
date last changed
2017-08-13 04:07:01
@article{dd000f07-c678-4c6c-a4a3-fe2378dff487,
  abstract     = {This paper investigates the design of Variable Message Signs (VMS) as a way-finding aid for road tunnel emergency evacuations. The use of the Theory of Affordances is suggested to provide recommendations on the design of VMS. A preliminary evaluation of 11 selected VMS systems was performed and 6 of them were further evaluated using an affordance-based within subject stated-preference questionnaire administered to a sample of 62 participants. Results are used to provide recommendations on the characteristics of the VMS systems, such as (1) size of the sign (large or small); (2) use of flashing lights; (3) colour scheme; (4) message coding (i.e., text, pictograms or a combination of them). The best performing VMS features for road tunnel emergency evacuation included the use of larger signs, flashing lights, the combination of emergency exit pictorial symbol in green in one panel and text in amber in the other panel.},
  author       = {Ronchi, Enrico and Nilsson, Daniel and Modig, Henric and Lindgren Walter, Anders},
  issn         = {1872-9126},
  keyword      = {System design,Notification,Way-finding,Theory of Affordances,Tunnel evacuation,Variable Message Sign,Emergency evacuation},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {253--264},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Applied Ergonomics},
  title        = {Variable Message Signs for road tunnel emergency evacuations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2015.07.025},
  volume       = {52},
  year         = {2016},
}