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Flint Daggers in Europe - A Case of Cultural Hybridization?

Apel, Jan LU (2015) In Nicolay: arkeologisk tidsskrift p.23-30
Abstract
The early Holocene and the development of sedentary, agriculturally based life allowed for an unprecedented accumulation of material goods (Bogucki 2011; Scarre 2005:191). This affected the organization and objectives of lithic technologies. In contrast to mobile hunter-gathers, who mainly developed elaborate technologies in response to risk (Collard et al 2013, Torrence 2001) Neolithic societies tended to invest in products that were used to distinguish social ranking, religious or cosmological ideas etc. The production of such “secondary features” (Steward 1955) was the result of an increased dynamic density and division of labour (Durkheim 1893, Apel 2001). This novel technological environment resulted in workshops where... (More)
The early Holocene and the development of sedentary, agriculturally based life allowed for an unprecedented accumulation of material goods (Bogucki 2011; Scarre 2005:191). This affected the organization and objectives of lithic technologies. In contrast to mobile hunter-gathers, who mainly developed elaborate technologies in response to risk (Collard et al 2013, Torrence 2001) Neolithic societies tended to invest in products that were used to distinguish social ranking, religious or cosmological ideas etc. The production of such “secondary features” (Steward 1955) was the result of an increased dynamic density and division of labour (Durkheim 1893, Apel 2001). This novel technological environment resulted in workshops where production-stages of certain artifacts were carried out by specialists, sometimes on different locations in the landscape. (Pelegrin 2006, Apel 2008). For example, unfinished preforms for large flint tools such as axes and bifaces were distributed within large networks to be finished into ready-made tools far away from the original area of production (Apel 2001; Ihuel 2004). In this paper the circulation of flint and metal daggers in Europe during the third and second millennium BC will be discussed and related to some ideas of the transmission mechanisms of technologies and ideas. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
cultural hybridization, Flint daggers
in
Nicolay: arkeologisk tidsskrift
issue
124
pages
23 - 30
publisher
Oslo Univeristy
ISSN
0332-8937
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6d611fd7-e874-44ed-92b0-ec0f8efb5c02 (old id 7870202)
date added to LUP
2015-09-22 08:11:55
date last changed
2016-04-15 23:51:32
@article{6d611fd7-e874-44ed-92b0-ec0f8efb5c02,
  abstract     = {The early Holocene and the development of sedentary, agriculturally based life allowed for an unprecedented accumulation of material goods (Bogucki 2011; Scarre 2005:191). This affected the organization and objectives of lithic technologies. In contrast to mobile hunter-gathers, who mainly developed elaborate technologies in response to risk (Collard et al 2013, Torrence 2001) Neolithic societies tended to invest in products that were used to distinguish social ranking, religious or cosmological ideas etc. The production of such “secondary features” (Steward 1955) was the result of an increased dynamic density and division of labour (Durkheim 1893, Apel 2001). This novel technological environment resulted in workshops where production-stages of certain artifacts were carried out by specialists, sometimes on different locations in the landscape. (Pelegrin 2006, Apel 2008). For example, unfinished preforms for large flint tools such as axes and bifaces were distributed within large networks to be finished into ready-made tools far away from the original area of production (Apel 2001; Ihuel 2004). In this paper the circulation of flint and metal daggers in Europe during the third and second millennium BC will be discussed and related to some ideas of the transmission mechanisms of technologies and ideas.},
  author       = {Apel, Jan},
  issn         = {0332-8937},
  keyword      = {cultural hybridization,Flint daggers},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {124},
  pages        = {23--30},
  publisher    = {Oslo Univeristy},
  series       = {Nicolay: arkeologisk tidsskrift},
  title        = {Flint Daggers in Europe - A Case of Cultural Hybridization?},
  year         = {2015},
}