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The nature of the KFR08 stellar stream

Liu, Cheng LU ; Feltzing, Sofia LU and Ruchti, Gregory LU (2015) In Astronomy & Astrophysics 580.
Abstract
The origin of the new kinematically identified metal-poor stellar stream, the KFR08 stream, has not been established to date. We present stellar parameters, stellar ages, and detailed elemental abundances for Na, Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Sc, Ti, Cr, Ni, Zn, Sr, Y, Zr, Ba, La, and Eu for 16 KFR08 stream members based on an analysis of high-resolution spectra. Based on the abundance ratios of 14 elements, we use the chemical tagging method to identify the stars with the same chemical composition that therefore might have a common birthplace, such as a cluster. Although three stars were tagged with similar elemental abundances ratios, we find that, statistically, it is not certain that they originate from a dissolved star cluster. This conclusion is... (More)
The origin of the new kinematically identified metal-poor stellar stream, the KFR08 stream, has not been established to date. We present stellar parameters, stellar ages, and detailed elemental abundances for Na, Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Sc, Ti, Cr, Ni, Zn, Sr, Y, Zr, Ba, La, and Eu for 16 KFR08 stream members based on an analysis of high-resolution spectra. Based on the abundance ratios of 14 elements, we use the chemical tagging method to identify the stars with the same chemical composition that therefore might have a common birthplace, such as a cluster. Although three stars were tagged with similar elemental abundances ratios, we find that, statistically, it is not certain that they originate from a dissolved star cluster. This conclusion is consistent with the large dispersion of [Fe/H] (sigma_[Fe/H] = 0.29) among the 16 stream members. We find that our stars are alpha-enhanced and that the abundance patterns of the stream members match the thick-disc population well. In addition, most of the stream stars have estimated stellar ages greater than 11 Gyr. These results, together with the hot kinematics of the stream stars, suggest that the KFR08 stream originated from the thick-disc population, which was perturbed by a massive merger in the early Universe. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Astronomy & Astrophysics
volume
580
publisher
EDP Sciences
external identifiers
  • wos:000360020200111
  • scopus:84939441239
ISSN
0004-6361
DOI
10.1051/0004-6361/201425577
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9222ce03-72a3-4d25-a31f-25775769bc9e (old id 7870212)
date added to LUP
2015-09-20 22:35:01
date last changed
2017-01-01 05:59:29
@article{9222ce03-72a3-4d25-a31f-25775769bc9e,
  abstract     = {The origin of the new kinematically identified metal-poor stellar stream, the KFR08 stream, has not been established to date. We present stellar parameters, stellar ages, and detailed elemental abundances for Na, Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Sc, Ti, Cr, Ni, Zn, Sr, Y, Zr, Ba, La, and Eu for 16 KFR08 stream members based on an analysis of high-resolution spectra. Based on the abundance ratios of 14 elements, we use the chemical tagging method to identify the stars with the same chemical composition that therefore might have a common birthplace, such as a cluster. Although three stars were tagged with similar elemental abundances ratios, we find that, statistically, it is not certain that they originate from a dissolved star cluster. This conclusion is consistent with the large dispersion of [Fe/H] (sigma_[Fe/H] = 0.29) among the 16 stream members. We find that our stars are alpha-enhanced and that the abundance patterns of the stream members match the thick-disc population well. In addition, most of the stream stars have estimated stellar ages greater than 11 Gyr. These results, together with the hot kinematics of the stream stars, suggest that the KFR08 stream originated from the thick-disc population, which was perturbed by a massive merger in the early Universe.},
  articleno    = {A111},
  author       = {Liu, Cheng and Feltzing, Sofia and Ruchti, Gregory},
  issn         = {0004-6361},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {EDP Sciences},
  series       = {Astronomy & Astrophysics},
  title        = {The nature of the KFR08 stellar stream},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201425577},
  volume       = {580},
  year         = {2015},
}