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Colombian Children With Overweight and Obesity Need Additional Motivational Support at School to Perform Health-Enhancing Physical Activity

Olaya-Contreras, Patricia; Bastidas, Myriam and Arvidsson, Daniel LU (2015) In Journal of Physical Activity & Health 12(5). p.604-609
Abstract
Aims: The aim of this study is to investigate associations of screen-time and physical activity (PA) with self-efficacy for PA, intrinsic motivation to PA and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Colombian schoolchildren from socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods, and to compare these variables among children with normal-weight (NW), overweight (OW) and obesity (OB). Methods: In 678 schoolchildren (age 10-14 years) screen-time (TV, video games, computer) and number of days being physically active >= 60 minutes were self-reported. Multi-item scales were used to assess self-efficacy to PA and intrinsic motivation to PA. The KIDSCREEN-27 was used to assess HRQoL. Results: Screen-time was associated with HRQoL in the... (More)
Aims: The aim of this study is to investigate associations of screen-time and physical activity (PA) with self-efficacy for PA, intrinsic motivation to PA and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Colombian schoolchildren from socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods, and to compare these variables among children with normal-weight (NW), overweight (OW) and obesity (OB). Methods: In 678 schoolchildren (age 10-14 years) screen-time (TV, video games, computer) and number of days being physically active >= 60 minutes were self-reported. Multi-item scales were used to assess self-efficacy to PA and intrinsic motivation to PA. The KIDSCREEN-27 was used to assess HRQoL. Results: Screen-time was associated with HRQoL in the school/learning environment dimension. Number of days being physically active was associated with self-efficacy for PA, intrinsic motivation for PA and with HRQoL concerning physical well-being, autonomy/parent relation and social support/peers. Group differences were found for days being physically active (OW = 2.8 and OB 7 2.7 vs. NW = 3.3) but not for screen-time (NW = 5.0,OW = 4.7 and OB = 5.7 hrs.d(-1)). OW and OB scored lower on intrinsic motivation to PA than NW (OW = 19.2 and OB = 17.9 versus NW = 20.1). All 3 groups differed in physical well-being scores (NW = 50.3, OW = 48.1, OB = 40.6, P < .001). Conclusions: Schoolchildren with overweight and obesity from socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods need additional motivational support to perform health-enhancing PA to experience higher physical well-being. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
intrinsic motivation, self-efficacy, health-related quality of life, sedentary behavior
in
Journal of Physical Activity & Health
volume
12
issue
5
pages
604 - 609
publisher
Human Kinetics, Inc.
external identifiers
  • wos:000359178900002
  • scopus:84939170767
ISSN
1543-5474
DOI
10.1123/jpah.2014-0024
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2e243891-79e2-4579-a9e8-bcba6d2b2d7f (old id 7975601)
date added to LUP
2015-10-01 07:35:52
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:07:26
@article{2e243891-79e2-4579-a9e8-bcba6d2b2d7f,
  abstract     = {Aims: The aim of this study is to investigate associations of screen-time and physical activity (PA) with self-efficacy for PA, intrinsic motivation to PA and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Colombian schoolchildren from socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods, and to compare these variables among children with normal-weight (NW), overweight (OW) and obesity (OB). Methods: In 678 schoolchildren (age 10-14 years) screen-time (TV, video games, computer) and number of days being physically active &gt;= 60 minutes were self-reported. Multi-item scales were used to assess self-efficacy to PA and intrinsic motivation to PA. The KIDSCREEN-27 was used to assess HRQoL. Results: Screen-time was associated with HRQoL in the school/learning environment dimension. Number of days being physically active was associated with self-efficacy for PA, intrinsic motivation for PA and with HRQoL concerning physical well-being, autonomy/parent relation and social support/peers. Group differences were found for days being physically active (OW = 2.8 and OB 7 2.7 vs. NW = 3.3) but not for screen-time (NW = 5.0,OW = 4.7 and OB = 5.7 hrs.d(-1)). OW and OB scored lower on intrinsic motivation to PA than NW (OW = 19.2 and OB = 17.9 versus NW = 20.1). All 3 groups differed in physical well-being scores (NW = 50.3, OW = 48.1, OB = 40.6, P &lt; .001). Conclusions: Schoolchildren with overweight and obesity from socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods need additional motivational support to perform health-enhancing PA to experience higher physical well-being.},
  author       = {Olaya-Contreras, Patricia and Bastidas, Myriam and Arvidsson, Daniel},
  issn         = {1543-5474},
  keyword      = {intrinsic motivation,self-efficacy,health-related quality of life,sedentary behavior},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {604--609},
  publisher    = {Human Kinetics, Inc.},
  series       = {Journal of Physical Activity & Health},
  title        = {Colombian Children With Overweight and Obesity Need Additional Motivational Support at School to Perform Health-Enhancing Physical Activity},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2014-0024},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2015},
}