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Frontal plane kinematics predict three-dimensional hip adduction during running

Creaby, Mark W.; Le Rossignol, Scott; Conway, Zachary J.; Ageberg, Eva LU ; Sweeney, Matthew and Franettovich Smith, Melinda M (2017) In Physical Therapy in Sport 27. p.1-6
Abstract

Objectives To investigate if frontal plane kinematics are predictive of three dimensional (3D) hip adduction and hip internal rotation during running. Study design Cross-sectional. Setting Biomechanics laboratory. Participants Thirty healthy male runners aged 18–45 years. Main outcome measures Two dimensional (2D) angles in the frontal plane (peak pelvic obliquity, peak hip adduction, peak femoral valgus, peak knee valgus and peak tibial valgus) and 3D hip adduction and hip internal rotation during stance phase of running were obtained. Results Linear regression modelling revealed that peak 2D pelvic obliquity (a drop towards the contralateral leg) and peak femoral valgus significantly predicted 88% of the variance in peak 3D hip... (More)

Objectives To investigate if frontal plane kinematics are predictive of three dimensional (3D) hip adduction and hip internal rotation during running. Study design Cross-sectional. Setting Biomechanics laboratory. Participants Thirty healthy male runners aged 18–45 years. Main outcome measures Two dimensional (2D) angles in the frontal plane (peak pelvic obliquity, peak hip adduction, peak femoral valgus, peak knee valgus and peak tibial valgus) and 3D hip adduction and hip internal rotation during stance phase of running were obtained. Results Linear regression modelling revealed that peak 2D pelvic obliquity (a drop towards the contralateral leg) and peak femoral valgus significantly predicted 88% of the variance in peak 3D hip adduction (p < 0.001). Frontal plane kinematics however, were not predictive of peak hip internal rotation in 3D (p > 0.05). Conclusions Frontal plane kinematics, specifically contralateral pelvic drop and femoral valgus, predicted the vast majority of the variance in 3D hip adduction during the stance phase of running. This indicates that 2D video may have potential as a clinically feasible proxy for measurement of peak 3D hip adduction – a risk factor for patellofemoral pain.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Biomechanics, Gait, Movement screening, Video
in
Physical Therapy in Sport
volume
27
pages
6 pages
external identifiers
  • scopus:85026436634
ISSN
1466-853X
DOI
10.1016/j.ptsp.2017.05.005
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7a0d5cde-2141-4253-afe2-bc20aa1da368
date added to LUP
2017-08-22 16:39:51
date last changed
2017-08-23 03:00:03
@article{7a0d5cde-2141-4253-afe2-bc20aa1da368,
  abstract     = {<p>Objectives To investigate if frontal plane kinematics are predictive of three dimensional (3D) hip adduction and hip internal rotation during running. Study design Cross-sectional. Setting Biomechanics laboratory. Participants Thirty healthy male runners aged 18–45 years. Main outcome measures Two dimensional (2D) angles in the frontal plane (peak pelvic obliquity, peak hip adduction, peak femoral valgus, peak knee valgus and peak tibial valgus) and 3D hip adduction and hip internal rotation during stance phase of running were obtained. Results Linear regression modelling revealed that peak 2D pelvic obliquity (a drop towards the contralateral leg) and peak femoral valgus significantly predicted 88% of the variance in peak 3D hip adduction (p &lt; 0.001). Frontal plane kinematics however, were not predictive of peak hip internal rotation in 3D (p &gt; 0.05). Conclusions Frontal plane kinematics, specifically contralateral pelvic drop and femoral valgus, predicted the vast majority of the variance in 3D hip adduction during the stance phase of running. This indicates that 2D video may have potential as a clinically feasible proxy for measurement of peak 3D hip adduction – a risk factor for patellofemoral pain.</p>},
  author       = {Creaby, Mark W. and Le Rossignol, Scott and Conway, Zachary J. and Ageberg, Eva and Sweeney, Matthew and Franettovich Smith, Melinda M},
  issn         = {1466-853X},
  keyword      = {Biomechanics,Gait,Movement screening,Video},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {09},
  pages        = {1--6},
  series       = {Physical Therapy in Sport},
  title        = {Frontal plane kinematics predict three-dimensional hip adduction during running},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2017.05.005},
  volume       = {27},
  year         = {2017},
}