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Determinants of depressive mood in coronary artery disease patients with obstructive sleep apnea and response to continuous positive airway pressure treatment in non-sleepy and sleepy phenotypes in the RICCADSA cohort

Balcan, Baran; Thunström, Erik; Strollo, Patrick J. and Peker, Yüksel LU (2019) In Journal of Sleep Research
Abstract

We explored determinants of depressive mood in adults with coronary artery disease and obstructive sleep apnea and response to positive airway pressure treatment in sleepy and non-sleepy phenotypes. In this secondary analysis of the RICCADSA trial conducted in Sweden, 493 cardiac patients with obstructive sleep apnea (n = 386) or no obstructive sleep apnea (n = 107) with complete Epworth Sleepiness Scale and Zung Self-rating Depression Scale questionnaires were included. Sleepy (Epworth Sleepiness Scale ≥10) versus non-sleepy (Epworth Sleepiness Scale <10) patients with depressive mood (Zung Self-rating Depression Scale score ≥50) were evaluated after 3 and 12 months of positive airway pressure treatment. In all, 133 patients (27.0%)... (More)

We explored determinants of depressive mood in adults with coronary artery disease and obstructive sleep apnea and response to positive airway pressure treatment in sleepy and non-sleepy phenotypes. In this secondary analysis of the RICCADSA trial conducted in Sweden, 493 cardiac patients with obstructive sleep apnea (n = 386) or no obstructive sleep apnea (n = 107) with complete Epworth Sleepiness Scale and Zung Self-rating Depression Scale questionnaires were included. Sleepy (Epworth Sleepiness Scale ≥10) versus non-sleepy (Epworth Sleepiness Scale <10) patients with depressive mood (Zung Self-rating Depression Scale score ≥50) were evaluated after 3 and 12 months of positive airway pressure treatment. In all, 133 patients (27.0%) had depressive mood (29.3% of obstructive sleep apnea versus 18.7% of no obstructive sleep apnea; p = 0.029), with a higher percentage among the sleepy phenotype (36.9% versus 24.5%; p = 0.009). In multivariate analysis, depressive mood was significantly associated with female sex, body mass index and Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Among 97 obstructive sleep apnea patients with depressive mood at baseline, there was a significant reduction in the scores at follow-up both in the sleepy and non-sleepy patients allocated to positive airway pressure treatment, whereas no significant changes were observed in the untreated group (p = 0.033). The device use (hr/night) predicted improvement in mood (odds ratio, 1.33; 95% confidence interval, 1.10–1.61; p = 0.003) adjusted for age, female sex, body mass index, left ventricular ejection fraction, apnea–hypopnea index and delta Epworth Sleepiness Scale score. We conclude that obstructive sleep apnea was associated with depressive mood in adults with coronary artery disease. Treatment with positive airway pressure improved mood in both phenotypes, independent of the confounding factors.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
coronary artery disease, daytime sleepiness, depression, obstructive sleep apnea, positive airway pressure
in
Journal of Sleep Research
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:85059677780
ISSN
0962-1105
DOI
10.1111/jsr.12818
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7c1d843a-7caa-473f-84b1-8d5a1aef6d83
date added to LUP
2019-01-22 08:48:49
date last changed
2019-02-20 11:43:42
@article{7c1d843a-7caa-473f-84b1-8d5a1aef6d83,
  abstract     = {<p>We explored determinants of depressive mood in adults with coronary artery disease and obstructive sleep apnea and response to positive airway pressure treatment in sleepy and non-sleepy phenotypes. In this secondary analysis of the RICCADSA trial conducted in Sweden, 493 cardiac patients with obstructive sleep apnea (n = 386) or no obstructive sleep apnea (n = 107) with complete Epworth Sleepiness Scale and Zung Self-rating Depression Scale questionnaires were included. Sleepy (Epworth Sleepiness Scale ≥10) versus non-sleepy (Epworth Sleepiness Scale &lt;10) patients with depressive mood (Zung Self-rating Depression Scale score ≥50) were evaluated after 3 and 12 months of positive airway pressure treatment. In all, 133 patients (27.0%) had depressive mood (29.3% of obstructive sleep apnea versus 18.7% of no obstructive sleep apnea; p = 0.029), with a higher percentage among the sleepy phenotype (36.9% versus 24.5%; p = 0.009). In multivariate analysis, depressive mood was significantly associated with female sex, body mass index and Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Among 97 obstructive sleep apnea patients with depressive mood at baseline, there was a significant reduction in the scores at follow-up both in the sleepy and non-sleepy patients allocated to positive airway pressure treatment, whereas no significant changes were observed in the untreated group (p = 0.033). The device use (hr/night) predicted improvement in mood (odds ratio, 1.33; 95% confidence interval, 1.10–1.61; p = 0.003) adjusted for age, female sex, body mass index, left ventricular ejection fraction, apnea–hypopnea index and delta Epworth Sleepiness Scale score. We conclude that obstructive sleep apnea was associated with depressive mood in adults with coronary artery disease. Treatment with positive airway pressure improved mood in both phenotypes, independent of the confounding factors.</p>},
  author       = {Balcan, Baran and Thunström, Erik and Strollo, Patrick J. and Peker, Yüksel},
  issn         = {0962-1105},
  keyword      = {coronary artery disease,daytime sleepiness,depression,obstructive sleep apnea,positive airway pressure},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Journal of Sleep Research},
  title        = {Determinants of depressive mood in coronary artery disease patients with obstructive sleep apnea and response to continuous positive airway pressure treatment in non-sleepy and sleepy phenotypes in the RICCADSA cohort},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jsr.12818},
  year         = {2019},
}