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Fertility Patterns of Native and Migrant Muslims in Europe

Stonawski, Marcin LU ; Potančoková, Michaela and Skirbekk, Vegard (2016) In Population, Space and Place 22(6). p.552-567
Abstract

This study focuses on Muslim fertility in Europe. Evidence from 25 countries suggests that the Muslim total fertility rate is on average 47% higher than the national level. However, we find a significant difference in the level of fertility of native-born Muslims and immigrant Muslims. The native-born have a 19% higher total fertility rate, while immigrants have 62% higher fertility. Our main research question is whether religion is an important determinant of fertility outcome, or whether the other characteristics that are specific for Muslims in Europe (e.g. socio-economics, migrant status, and religiosity) determine the observed difference in fertility. To answer this question, we focus on three case studies: Spain, where most... (More)

This study focuses on Muslim fertility in Europe. Evidence from 25 countries suggests that the Muslim total fertility rate is on average 47% higher than the national level. However, we find a significant difference in the level of fertility of native-born Muslims and immigrant Muslims. The native-born have a 19% higher total fertility rate, while immigrants have 62% higher fertility. Our main research question is whether religion is an important determinant of fertility outcome, or whether the other characteristics that are specific for Muslims in Europe (e.g. socio-economics, migrant status, and religiosity) determine the observed difference in fertility. To answer this question, we focus on three case studies: Spain, where most Muslims are immigrants; Bulgaria, where most Muslims are native; and Greece, which has significant shares of both recent migrants and native Muslims. Our findings suggest that the immigrant status of Muslims and their socio-economic status are more important than religion in terms of explaining their high fertility.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Europe, fertility, Muslims, religion
in
Population, Space and Place
volume
22
issue
6
pages
16 pages
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • scopus:84930326231
  • wos:000385962300004
ISSN
1544-8444
DOI
10.1002/psp.1941
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7d481a0e-a11b-4957-a64a-6c94099500f9
date added to LUP
2016-12-30 13:02:29
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:34:58
@article{7d481a0e-a11b-4957-a64a-6c94099500f9,
  abstract     = {<p>This study focuses on Muslim fertility in Europe. Evidence from 25 countries suggests that the Muslim total fertility rate is on average 47% higher than the national level. However, we find a significant difference in the level of fertility of native-born Muslims and immigrant Muslims. The native-born have a 19% higher total fertility rate, while immigrants have 62% higher fertility. Our main research question is whether religion is an important determinant of fertility outcome, or whether the other characteristics that are specific for Muslims in Europe (e.g. socio-economics, migrant status, and religiosity) determine the observed difference in fertility. To answer this question, we focus on three case studies: Spain, where most Muslims are immigrants; Bulgaria, where most Muslims are native; and Greece, which has significant shares of both recent migrants and native Muslims. Our findings suggest that the immigrant status of Muslims and their socio-economic status are more important than religion in terms of explaining their high fertility.</p>},
  author       = {Stonawski, Marcin and Potančoková, Michaela and Skirbekk, Vegard},
  issn         = {1544-8444},
  keyword      = {Europe,fertility,Muslims,religion},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {08},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {552--567},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {Population, Space and Place},
  title        = {Fertility Patterns of Native and Migrant Muslims in Europe},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/psp.1941},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {2016},
}