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Open tools for software engineering : Validation of a theory of openness in the automotive industry

Munir, Hussan LU ; Runeson, Per LU and Wnuk, Krzysztof LU (2019) 23rd Evaluation and Assessment in Software Engineering Conference, EASE 2019 p.2-11
Abstract

Context: Open tools (e.g., Jenkins, Gerrit and Git) offer a lucrative alternative to commercial tools. Many companies and developers from OSS communities make a collaborative effort to improve the tools. Prior to this study, we developed an empirically based theory for companies’ strategic choices on the development of these tools, based on empirical observations in the telecom domain. Aim: The aim of this study is to validate the theory of openness for tools in software engineering, in another domain, automotive. Specifically, we validated the theory propositions and mapped the case companies onto the model of openness. Method: We run focus groups in two automotive companies, collecting data in a survey and followup discussions. We... (More)

Context: Open tools (e.g., Jenkins, Gerrit and Git) offer a lucrative alternative to commercial tools. Many companies and developers from OSS communities make a collaborative effort to improve the tools. Prior to this study, we developed an empirically based theory for companies’ strategic choices on the development of these tools, based on empirical observations in the telecom domain. Aim: The aim of this study is to validate the theory of openness for tools in software engineering, in another domain, automotive. Specifically, we validated the theory propositions and mapped the case companies onto the model of openness. Method: We run focus groups in two automotive companies, collecting data in a survey and followup discussions. We used the repertory grid technique to analyze the survey responses, in combination with qualitative data from the focus group, to validate the propositions. Results: Openness of tools has the potential to reduce development costs and time, and may lead to process and product innovation. This study confirms three out of five theory propositions, on cost and time reduction, and the complementary role of open tools. One propositions was not possible to validate due to lack of investment in OSS tools communities by both companies. However, our findings extend the fifth proposition to require management being involved for both the proactive and reactive strategy. Further, we observe that the move towards open tools happen with a paradigm shift towards openness in the automotive domain, and lead to standardization of tools. Both companies confirm that they need legal procedures for the contribution, as well as an internal champion, driving the open tools strategy. Conclusion: We validated the theory, originating from the telecom domain, partially using two automotive companies. Both case companies are classified as laggards (reactive, cost saving) in the model of openness presented in the theory. Furthermore, we would like to have more validations studies to validate the remaining quadrants (e.g., leverage, lucrativeness and leaders).

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Open innovation, Open tools, Theory of openness
host publication
Proceedings of EASE 2019 - Evaluation and Assessment in Software Engineering
pages
10 pages
publisher
Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
conference name
23rd Evaluation and Assessment in Software Engineering Conference, EASE 2019
conference location
Copenhagen, Denmark
conference dates
2019-04-14 - 2019-04-17
external identifiers
  • scopus:85064750085
ISBN
9781450371452
DOI
10.1145/3319008.3319014
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7ecce45f-039c-41e4-be53-ddad7ac2c6e7
date added to LUP
2019-05-03 11:05:37
date last changed
2019-05-28 03:57:24
@inproceedings{7ecce45f-039c-41e4-be53-ddad7ac2c6e7,
  abstract     = {<p>Context: Open tools (e.g., Jenkins, Gerrit and Git) offer a lucrative alternative to commercial tools. Many companies and developers from OSS communities make a collaborative effort to improve the tools. Prior to this study, we developed an empirically based theory for companies’ strategic choices on the development of these tools, based on empirical observations in the telecom domain. Aim: The aim of this study is to validate the theory of openness for tools in software engineering, in another domain, automotive. Specifically, we validated the theory propositions and mapped the case companies onto the model of openness. Method: We run focus groups in two automotive companies, collecting data in a survey and followup discussions. We used the repertory grid technique to analyze the survey responses, in combination with qualitative data from the focus group, to validate the propositions. Results: Openness of tools has the potential to reduce development costs and time, and may lead to process and product innovation. This study confirms three out of five theory propositions, on cost and time reduction, and the complementary role of open tools. One propositions was not possible to validate due to lack of investment in OSS tools communities by both companies. However, our findings extend the fifth proposition to require management being involved for both the proactive and reactive strategy. Further, we observe that the move towards open tools happen with a paradigm shift towards openness in the automotive domain, and lead to standardization of tools. Both companies confirm that they need legal procedures for the contribution, as well as an internal champion, driving the open tools strategy. Conclusion: We validated the theory, originating from the telecom domain, partially using two automotive companies. Both case companies are classified as laggards (reactive, cost saving) in the model of openness presented in the theory. Furthermore, we would like to have more validations studies to validate the remaining quadrants (e.g., leverage, lucrativeness and leaders).</p>},
  author       = {Munir, Hussan and Runeson, Per and Wnuk, Krzysztof},
  isbn         = {9781450371452},
  keyword      = {Open innovation,Open tools,Theory of openness},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Copenhagen, Denmark},
  month        = {04},
  pages        = {2--11},
  publisher    = {Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)},
  title        = {Open tools for software engineering : Validation of a theory of openness in the automotive industry},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/3319008.3319014},
  year         = {2019},
}