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A review on the role of functional limitations on evacuation performance using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health

Bukvic, Olivera ; Carlsson, Gunilla LU ; Gefenaite, Giedre LU ; Slaug, Björn LU ; Schmidt, Steven M. LU and Ronchi, Enrico LU (2020) In Fire Technology
Abstract

This scoping review addresses the role of functional limitations on evacuation performance of adults in public buildings. Although this topic has been addressed in evacuation research, no linkage is currently available between functional limitations, the predominant activities affected by them and evacuation performance. This review strives to open a debate on the need to classify the impact of disability in terms of functional limitations on evacuation performance according to methods adopted in health science. This paper reviews literature concerning evacuation from public buildings with adults aged ≥ 60 years and/or adults aged ≥ 18 years with functional limitations. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and... (More)

This scoping review addresses the role of functional limitations on evacuation performance of adults in public buildings. Although this topic has been addressed in evacuation research, no linkage is currently available between functional limitations, the predominant activities affected by them and evacuation performance. This review strives to open a debate on the need to classify the impact of disability in terms of functional limitations on evacuation performance according to methods adopted in health science. This paper reviews literature concerning evacuation from public buildings with adults aged ≥ 60 years and/or adults aged ≥ 18 years with functional limitations. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health has been used to identify predominant activities during an evacuation and to perform a structured classification at different levels of resolution to address self-evacuation possibilities. Results of the review are presented in a tabular form linking predominant activities in terms of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health and six categories of functional limitations with the engineering evacuation time-line. The suggested classification can facilitate the assessment of the evacuation-related issues in buildings in relation to the population under consideration. The main research gaps identified include the lack of studies concerning the impact of cognitive limitations on egress, and the need to add the temporal dimension to the methods adopted in accessibility research to allow for their use in the egress field.

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author
; ; ; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
in press
subject
keywords
Ageing, Disability, Egress, Fire safety, ICF, Impairments
in
Fire Technology
publisher
Kluwer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85090946287
ISSN
0015-2684
DOI
10.1007/s10694-020-01034-5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7f03b715-9297-4636-be80-e623cb6e3f7c
date added to LUP
2020-11-20 13:58:54
date last changed
2020-11-21 01:26:42
@article{7f03b715-9297-4636-be80-e623cb6e3f7c,
  abstract     = {<p>This scoping review addresses the role of functional limitations on evacuation performance of adults in public buildings. Although this topic has been addressed in evacuation research, no linkage is currently available between functional limitations, the predominant activities affected by them and evacuation performance. This review strives to open a debate on the need to classify the impact of disability in terms of functional limitations on evacuation performance according to methods adopted in health science. This paper reviews literature concerning evacuation from public buildings with adults aged ≥ 60 years and/or adults aged ≥ 18 years with functional limitations. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health has been used to identify predominant activities during an evacuation and to perform a structured classification at different levels of resolution to address self-evacuation possibilities. Results of the review are presented in a tabular form linking predominant activities in terms of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health and six categories of functional limitations with the engineering evacuation time-line. The suggested classification can facilitate the assessment of the evacuation-related issues in buildings in relation to the population under consideration. The main research gaps identified include the lack of studies concerning the impact of cognitive limitations on egress, and the need to add the temporal dimension to the methods adopted in accessibility research to allow for their use in the egress field.</p>},
  author       = {Bukvic, Olivera and Carlsson, Gunilla and Gefenaite, Giedre and Slaug, Björn and Schmidt, Steven M. and Ronchi, Enrico},
  issn         = {0015-2684},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Kluwer},
  series       = {Fire Technology},
  title        = {A review on the role of functional limitations on evacuation performance using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10694-020-01034-5},
  doi          = {10.1007/s10694-020-01034-5},
  year         = {2020},
}