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Sport, sex and age increase risk of illness at the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games : a prospective cohort study of 51 198 athlete days

Derman, Wayne; Schwellnus, Martin P.; Jordaan, Esme; Runciman, Phoebe; Blauwet, Cheri; Webborn, Nick; Lexell, Jan LU ; Van de Vliet, Peter; Tuakli-Wosornu, Yetsa and Kissick, James, et al. (2018) In British journal of sports medicine 52(1). p.17-23
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of illness at the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games.

METHODS: A total of 3657 athletes from 78 countries, representing 83.5% of all athletes at the Games, were monitored on the web-based injury and illness surveillance system (WEB-IISS) over 51 198 athlete days during the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games. Illness data were obtained daily from teams with their own medical support through the WEB-IISS electronic data capturing systems.

RESULTS: The total number of illnesses was 511, with an illness incidence rate (IR) of 10.0 per 1000 athlete days (12.4%). The highest IRs were reported for wheelchair fencing (14.9), para swimming (12.6) and wheelchair basketball (12.5) (p<0.05). Female... (More)

OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of illness at the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games.

METHODS: A total of 3657 athletes from 78 countries, representing 83.5% of all athletes at the Games, were monitored on the web-based injury and illness surveillance system (WEB-IISS) over 51 198 athlete days during the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games. Illness data were obtained daily from teams with their own medical support through the WEB-IISS electronic data capturing systems.

RESULTS: The total number of illnesses was 511, with an illness incidence rate (IR) of 10.0 per 1000 athlete days (12.4%). The highest IRs were reported for wheelchair fencing (14.9), para swimming (12.6) and wheelchair basketball (12.5) (p<0.05). Female athletes and older athletes (35-75 years) were also at higher risk of illness (both p<0.01). Illnesses in the respiratory, skin and subcutaneous and digestive systems were the most common (IRs of 3.3, 1.8 and 1.3, respectively).

CONCLUSION: (1) The rate of illness was lower than that reported for the London 2012 Summer Paralympic Games; (2) the sports with the highest risk were wheelchair fencing, para swimming and wheelchair basketball; (3) female and older athletes (35-75 years) were at increased risk of illness; and (4) the respiratory system, skin and subcutaneous system and digestive system were most affected by illness. These results allow for comparison at future Games.

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organization
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
athlete, disability, illness
in
British journal of sports medicine
volume
52
issue
1
pages
7 pages
publisher
BMJ Publishing Group
external identifiers
  • scopus:85040529959
ISSN
1473-0480
DOI
10.1136/bjsports-2017-097962
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7f12446b-3a04-4719-93b3-e03aa13cd667
date added to LUP
2018-02-05 15:42:06
date last changed
2018-02-06 15:02:39
@article{7f12446b-3a04-4719-93b3-e03aa13cd667,
  abstract     = {<p>OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of illness at the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games.</p><p>METHODS: A total of 3657 athletes from 78 countries, representing 83.5% of all athletes at the Games, were monitored on the web-based injury and illness surveillance system (WEB-IISS) over 51 198 athlete days during the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games. Illness data were obtained daily from teams with their own medical support through the WEB-IISS electronic data capturing systems.</p><p>RESULTS: The total number of illnesses was 511, with an illness incidence rate (IR) of 10.0 per 1000 athlete days (12.4%). The highest IRs were reported for wheelchair fencing (14.9), para swimming (12.6) and wheelchair basketball (12.5) (p&lt;0.05). Female athletes and older athletes (35-75 years) were also at higher risk of illness (both p&lt;0.01). Illnesses in the respiratory, skin and subcutaneous and digestive systems were the most common (IRs of 3.3, 1.8 and 1.3, respectively).</p><p>CONCLUSION: (1) The rate of illness was lower than that reported for the London 2012 Summer Paralympic Games; (2) the sports with the highest risk were wheelchair fencing, para swimming and wheelchair basketball; (3) female and older athletes (35-75 years) were at increased risk of illness; and (4) the respiratory system, skin and subcutaneous system and digestive system were most affected by illness. These results allow for comparison at future Games.</p>},
  author       = {Derman, Wayne and Schwellnus, Martin P. and Jordaan, Esme and Runciman, Phoebe and Blauwet, Cheri and Webborn, Nick and Lexell, Jan and Van de Vliet, Peter and Tuakli-Wosornu, Yetsa and Kissick, James and Stomphorst, Jaap},
  issn         = {1473-0480},
  keyword      = {athlete,disability,illness},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {17--23},
  publisher    = {BMJ Publishing Group},
  series       = {British journal of sports medicine},
  title        = {Sport, sex and age increase risk of illness at the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games : a prospective cohort study of 51 198 athlete days},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2017-097962},
  volume       = {52},
  year         = {2018},
}