Advanced

The nature of stars with a common origin: clues from metallicity, elemental abundances, and kinematics

Liu, Cheng LU (2015)
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in English

The aim of this thesis is to search for the origins of groups stars with similar kinematics making use of their chemical information. Based on measured elemental abundances from high-resolution spectra, a modified chemical tagging method is used to identify the potential cluster members in two cases. In first case, we employ this method to search for the lost siblings of the Sun. We find that HIP 40317 is likely a solar sibling. However, it is not directly supported by our dynamical arguments. In the second case, we explore the possible origins of a new kinematically discovered stellar stream. A star cluster can be excluded as the progenitor of the KFR08 steam based on the results of our chemical... (More)
Popular Abstract in English

The aim of this thesis is to search for the origins of groups stars with similar kinematics making use of their chemical information. Based on measured elemental abundances from high-resolution spectra, a modified chemical tagging method is used to identify the potential cluster members in two cases. In first case, we employ this method to search for the lost siblings of the Sun. We find that HIP 40317 is likely a solar sibling. However, it is not directly supported by our dynamical arguments. In the second case, we explore the possible origins of a new kinematically discovered stellar stream. A star cluster can be excluded as the progenitor of the KFR08 steam based on the results of our chemical tagging experiments. We conclude that the stream could have a dynamical origin due to a strong perturbation from a massive merger event in the early epoch of the formation of the Milky Way.



We are also interested in one globular cluster: NGC 6528. It is the most metal-rich globular cluster in the Galactic bugle. We derive accurate physical parameters (effective temperature, surface gravity, and metallicity) and elemental abundances for a larger group of red giant branch stars. This study shows that NGC 6528 has solar metallicity. Elemental abundance analysis of NGC 6528 members suggest that the cluster was enriched by Type II supernovae in short period. There are small contributions from the yields of both Type Ia supernovae and intermediate-mass asymptotic giant branch stars. (Less)
Abstract
Most of field stars originate from dissolved star clusters. If the gas cloud is well mixed the stars in the cluster are expected to be chemically homogenous. Although the original kinematical information of a star may be lost under the Galactic dynamic evolution, the chemical signatures are preserved in the form of elemental abundances in individual low-mass stars. The present-day distribution of its stars therefore provides a strong constrain on the formation and evolution of the Galactic disks.



The aim of this thesis is to search for the origins of group of stars with similar kinematics making use of their chemical signatures. To efficiently and accurately measure stellar parameters and elemental abundances from... (More)
Most of field stars originate from dissolved star clusters. If the gas cloud is well mixed the stars in the cluster are expected to be chemically homogenous. Although the original kinematical information of a star may be lost under the Galactic dynamic evolution, the chemical signatures are preserved in the form of elemental abundances in individual low-mass stars. The present-day distribution of its stars therefore provides a strong constrain on the formation and evolution of the Galactic disks.



The aim of this thesis is to search for the origins of group of stars with similar kinematics making use of their chemical signatures. To efficiently and accurately measure stellar parameters and elemental abundances from high-resolution spectra of dwarfs and subgiants, an improved methodology is developed. A modified chemical tagging method suited to our special case is used to group stars which could share the same birthplace. We firstly employ this method to look for the lost siblings of the Sun. Star HIP 40317 that has very similar abundance pattern to the Sun is likely a solar sibling. However, it is not directly supported by our dynamical arguments. Then, we also explore the possible origins of a newly discovered stellar stream. We exclude a dissolved star cluster as the progenitor of the KFR08 steam based on the results of chemical tagging experiment. The old and alpha-enhanced members of the stream have relatively hot kinematics. This suggests that the KFR08 stream originated from the thick disk population, which was perturbed by a massive merger in the early Universe.



NGC 6528 is the most metal-rich globular cluster in bulge. It is an ideal local template that can be used to infer the properties of old and metal-rich populations. We develop a new method to accurately measure physical parameters and metallicity for a large sample of red giant brach stars. Radial velocity of the stars is used to select the cluster members. The metallicity distribution and elemental abundance analysis of NGC 6528 members suggest that the cluster experienced chemical enrichment dominated by SNe II, while having smaller contributions from both SNe Ia and intermediate-mass AGB stars. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • PhD Lucatello, Sara, INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Stars: abundances, Galaxy: evolution, Galaxy: solar neighbourhood, Galaxy: bulge, Galaxy: globular clusters
pages
107 pages
publisher
Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Lund University
defense location
Lundmark lecture hall, Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Sölvegatan 27, Lund
defense date
2015-10-30 09:00
ISBN
978-91-7623-486-0
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fbc6b2fe-2f3f-446c-bda0-e3c8b18a9ed8 (old id 8046648)
date added to LUP
2015-10-16 17:16:48
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:13
@phdthesis{fbc6b2fe-2f3f-446c-bda0-e3c8b18a9ed8,
  abstract     = {Most of field stars originate from dissolved star clusters. If the gas cloud is well mixed the stars in the cluster are expected to be chemically homogenous. Although the original kinematical information of a star may be lost under the Galactic dynamic evolution, the chemical signatures are preserved in the form of elemental abundances in individual low-mass stars. The present-day distribution of its stars therefore provides a strong constrain on the formation and evolution of the Galactic disks.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The aim of this thesis is to search for the origins of group of stars with similar kinematics making use of their chemical signatures. To efficiently and accurately measure stellar parameters and elemental abundances from high-resolution spectra of dwarfs and subgiants, an improved methodology is developed. A modified chemical tagging method suited to our special case is used to group stars which could share the same birthplace. We firstly employ this method to look for the lost siblings of the Sun. Star HIP 40317 that has very similar abundance pattern to the Sun is likely a solar sibling. However, it is not directly supported by our dynamical arguments. Then, we also explore the possible origins of a newly discovered stellar stream. We exclude a dissolved star cluster as the progenitor of the KFR08 steam based on the results of chemical tagging experiment. The old and alpha-enhanced members of the stream have relatively hot kinematics. This suggests that the KFR08 stream originated from the thick disk population, which was perturbed by a massive merger in the early Universe.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
NGC 6528 is the most metal-rich globular cluster in bulge. It is an ideal local template that can be used to infer the properties of old and metal-rich populations. We develop a new method to accurately measure physical parameters and metallicity for a large sample of red giant brach stars. Radial velocity of the stars is used to select the cluster members. The metallicity distribution and elemental abundance analysis of NGC 6528 members suggest that the cluster experienced chemical enrichment dominated by SNe II, while having smaller contributions from both SNe Ia and intermediate-mass AGB stars.},
  author       = {Liu, Cheng},
  isbn         = {978-91-7623-486-0},
  keyword      = {Stars: abundances,Galaxy: evolution,Galaxy: solar neighbourhood,Galaxy: bulge,Galaxy: globular clusters},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {107},
  publisher    = {Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  title        = {The nature of stars with a common origin: clues from metallicity, elemental abundances, and kinematics},
  year         = {2015},
}