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Surgery for urinary incontinence in women 65 years and older: a systematic review

Franzen, Karin; Andersson, Gunnel; Odeberg, Jenny; Midlöv, Patrik LU ; Samuelsson, Eva; Stenzelius, Karin and Hammarstrom, Margareta (2015) In International Urogynecology Journal 26(8). p.1095-1102
Abstract
Introduction and hypothesis Urinary incontinence (UI) is common among the elderly, but the literature is sparse on the surgical treatment of UI among the elderly. This systematic review aims to assess the effectiveness of surgical interventions as treatment for urinary incontinence in the elderly population >= 65 years of age. Methods Randomized controlled trials (RCT) and prospective nonrandomized studies (NRS) were included. The databases PubMed (NLM), EMBASE (Elsevier), Cochrane Library (Wiley), and Cinahl (EBSCO) were searched for the period 1966 up to October 2013. The population had to be >= 65 years of age and had to have undergone urethral sling procedures, periurethral injection of bulking agents, artificial urinary... (More)
Introduction and hypothesis Urinary incontinence (UI) is common among the elderly, but the literature is sparse on the surgical treatment of UI among the elderly. This systematic review aims to assess the effectiveness of surgical interventions as treatment for urinary incontinence in the elderly population >= 65 years of age. Methods Randomized controlled trials (RCT) and prospective nonrandomized studies (NRS) were included. The databases PubMed (NLM), EMBASE (Elsevier), Cochrane Library (Wiley), and Cinahl (EBSCO) were searched for the period 1966 up to October 2013. The population had to be >= 65 years of age and had to have undergone urethral sling procedures, periurethral injection of bulking agents, artificial urinary sphincter surgery, bladder injection treatment with onabotulinumtoxin A or sacral neuromodulation treatment. Eligible outcomes were episodes of incontinence/urine leakage, adverse events, and quality of life. The studies included had to be at a moderate or low risk of bias. Mean difference (MD) or standard mean difference (SMD) as well as risk difference (RD) and the 95 % CI were calculated. Results Five studies-all on the suburethral sling procedure in women-that fulfilled the inclusion criteria were identified. The proportion of patients reporting persistent SUI after surgery ranged from 5.2 to 17.6 %. One study evaluating quality of life (QoL) showed a significant improvement after surgery. The complication rates varied between 1 and 26 %, mainly bladder perforation, bladder emptying disturbances, and de novo urge. Conclusion The suburethral sling procedure improves continence as well as QoL among elderly women with SUI; however, evidence is limited. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Elderly, Surgery, Systematic review, Urinary incontinence
in
International Urogynecology Journal
volume
26
issue
8
pages
1095 - 1102
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000361229500002
  • scopus:84938954854
ISSN
1433-3023
DOI
10.1007/s00192-014-2573-9
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
01b46835-29f4-4152-9285-8fdbd96db8e1 (old id 8074137)
date added to LUP
2015-11-19 10:40:55
date last changed
2017-06-18 03:13:04
@article{01b46835-29f4-4152-9285-8fdbd96db8e1,
  abstract     = {Introduction and hypothesis Urinary incontinence (UI) is common among the elderly, but the literature is sparse on the surgical treatment of UI among the elderly. This systematic review aims to assess the effectiveness of surgical interventions as treatment for urinary incontinence in the elderly population >= 65 years of age. Methods Randomized controlled trials (RCT) and prospective nonrandomized studies (NRS) were included. The databases PubMed (NLM), EMBASE (Elsevier), Cochrane Library (Wiley), and Cinahl (EBSCO) were searched for the period 1966 up to October 2013. The population had to be >= 65 years of age and had to have undergone urethral sling procedures, periurethral injection of bulking agents, artificial urinary sphincter surgery, bladder injection treatment with onabotulinumtoxin A or sacral neuromodulation treatment. Eligible outcomes were episodes of incontinence/urine leakage, adverse events, and quality of life. The studies included had to be at a moderate or low risk of bias. Mean difference (MD) or standard mean difference (SMD) as well as risk difference (RD) and the 95 % CI were calculated. Results Five studies-all on the suburethral sling procedure in women-that fulfilled the inclusion criteria were identified. The proportion of patients reporting persistent SUI after surgery ranged from 5.2 to 17.6 %. One study evaluating quality of life (QoL) showed a significant improvement after surgery. The complication rates varied between 1 and 26 %, mainly bladder perforation, bladder emptying disturbances, and de novo urge. Conclusion The suburethral sling procedure improves continence as well as QoL among elderly women with SUI; however, evidence is limited.},
  author       = {Franzen, Karin and Andersson, Gunnel and Odeberg, Jenny and Midlöv, Patrik and Samuelsson, Eva and Stenzelius, Karin and Hammarstrom, Margareta},
  issn         = {1433-3023},
  keyword      = {Elderly,Surgery,Systematic review,Urinary incontinence},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1095--1102},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {International Urogynecology Journal},
  title        = {Surgery for urinary incontinence in women 65 years and older: a systematic review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00192-014-2573-9},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2015},
}