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Characterizing and comparing innovation systems by different 'modes' of knowledge production: A proximity approach

Hardeman, Sjoerd; Frenken, Koen LU ; Nomaler, Onder and Ter Wal, Anne L. J. (2015) In Science and Public Policy 42(4). p.530-548
Abstract
Though the concept of innovation systems has become influential in both academia and policy-making, an analytical approach to understanding innovation systems is still lacking. In particular, there is no analytical framework to measure 'Mode 1' and 'Mode 2' knowledge production. We propose a framework based on the proximity concept. Mode 1 and Mode 2 knowledge production are characterized by collaborations with cognitive, organizational, social, institutional and geographical proximity, and distance, respectively. Using a gravity model approach we apply our framework to the case of type 2 diabetes research and provide a characterization of the global innovation system and a comparative analysis of the North American and European innovation... (More)
Though the concept of innovation systems has become influential in both academia and policy-making, an analytical approach to understanding innovation systems is still lacking. In particular, there is no analytical framework to measure 'Mode 1' and 'Mode 2' knowledge production. We propose a framework based on the proximity concept. Mode 1 and Mode 2 knowledge production are characterized by collaborations with cognitive, organizational, social, institutional and geographical proximity, and distance, respectively. Using a gravity model approach we apply our framework to the case of type 2 diabetes research and provide a characterization of the global innovation system and a comparative analysis of the North American and European innovation systems. Our main results hold that although collaborative research on type 2 diabetes generally follows a logic of proximity and hence is not characterized as Mode 2, important differences and similarities exist between the North American and European innovation systems. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
mode 2 knowledge production, collaboration, co-publication, diabetes, triple helix, network
in
Science and Public Policy
volume
42
issue
4
pages
530 - 548
publisher
Oxford University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000361041500008
  • scopus:84939488879
ISSN
1471-5430
DOI
10.1093/scipol/scu070
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
344d6b1f-0b13-48bf-9bec-062d71de32c2 (old id 8077365)
date added to LUP
2015-10-23 15:32:58
date last changed
2017-11-19 03:41:11
@article{344d6b1f-0b13-48bf-9bec-062d71de32c2,
  abstract     = {Though the concept of innovation systems has become influential in both academia and policy-making, an analytical approach to understanding innovation systems is still lacking. In particular, there is no analytical framework to measure 'Mode 1' and 'Mode 2' knowledge production. We propose a framework based on the proximity concept. Mode 1 and Mode 2 knowledge production are characterized by collaborations with cognitive, organizational, social, institutional and geographical proximity, and distance, respectively. Using a gravity model approach we apply our framework to the case of type 2 diabetes research and provide a characterization of the global innovation system and a comparative analysis of the North American and European innovation systems. Our main results hold that although collaborative research on type 2 diabetes generally follows a logic of proximity and hence is not characterized as Mode 2, important differences and similarities exist between the North American and European innovation systems.},
  author       = {Hardeman, Sjoerd and Frenken, Koen and Nomaler, Onder and Ter Wal, Anne L. J.},
  issn         = {1471-5430},
  keyword      = {mode 2 knowledge production,collaboration,co-publication,diabetes,triple helix,network},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {530--548},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {Science and Public Policy},
  title        = {Characterizing and comparing innovation systems by different 'modes' of knowledge production: A proximity approach},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scipol/scu070},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2015},
}