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Differential alteration of hippocampal function and plasticity in females and males of the APPxPS1 mouse model of Alzheimer's disease

Richetin, Kevin; Petsophonsakul, Petnoi; Roybon, Laurent LU ; Guiard, Bruno P. and Rampon, Claire (2017) In Neurobiology of Aging 57. p.220-231
Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by memory loss and impaired cognitive functions. The higher incidence of AD among women indicates that sex is one of the main risk factor for developing the disease. Using the transgenic amyloid precursor protein × presenilin 1 (APPxPS1) mouse model of AD, we investigated sex inequality with regards to memory capacities and hippocampal plasticity. We report that spatial memory is strongly affected in APPxPS1 females while remarkably spared in males, at all ages tested. Given the contribution of adult neurogenesis to hippocampal-dependent memory processes, we examined whether impaired neurogenesis could account for age-related decline of memory functions... (More)

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by memory loss and impaired cognitive functions. The higher incidence of AD among women indicates that sex is one of the main risk factor for developing the disease. Using the transgenic amyloid precursor protein × presenilin 1 (APPxPS1) mouse model of AD, we investigated sex inequality with regards to memory capacities and hippocampal plasticity. We report that spatial memory is strongly affected in APPxPS1 females while remarkably spared in males, at all ages tested. Given the contribution of adult neurogenesis to hippocampal-dependent memory processes, we examined whether impaired neurogenesis could account for age-related decline of memory functions in APPxPS1 mice. We show that not only limited numbers of new neurons are generated in these mice, but also, that new granule cells display reduced capacity for synaptic connectivity, a default that is exacerbated in females. Moreover, high densities of hypertrophic astrocytes are observed in the dentate gyrus of APPxPS1 females specifically. By revealing sex-dependent hippocampal alterations, our data may provide causal explanation to APPxPS1 females' memory deficits.

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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Adult neurogenesis, Astrocytes, Dentate gyrus, Sex, Spatial memory
in
Neurobiology of Aging
volume
57
pages
12 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85021698047
  • wos:000406296500023
ISSN
0197-4580
DOI
10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2017.05.025
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
80997fde-7089-4c46-9f14-8eb640d33616
date added to LUP
2017-08-18 13:51:58
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:42:05
@article{80997fde-7089-4c46-9f14-8eb640d33616,
  abstract     = {<p>Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by memory loss and impaired cognitive functions. The higher incidence of AD among women indicates that sex is one of the main risk factor for developing the disease. Using the transgenic amyloid precursor protein × presenilin 1 (APPxPS1) mouse model of AD, we investigated sex inequality with regards to memory capacities and hippocampal plasticity. We report that spatial memory is strongly affected in APPxPS1 females while remarkably spared in males, at all ages tested. Given the contribution of adult neurogenesis to hippocampal-dependent memory processes, we examined whether impaired neurogenesis could account for age-related decline of memory functions in APPxPS1 mice. We show that not only limited numbers of new neurons are generated in these mice, but also, that new granule cells display reduced capacity for synaptic connectivity, a default that is exacerbated in females. Moreover, high densities of hypertrophic astrocytes are observed in the dentate gyrus of APPxPS1 females specifically. By revealing sex-dependent hippocampal alterations, our data may provide causal explanation to APPxPS1 females' memory deficits.</p>},
  author       = {Richetin, Kevin and Petsophonsakul, Petnoi and Roybon, Laurent and Guiard, Bruno P. and Rampon, Claire},
  issn         = {0197-4580},
  keyword      = {Adult neurogenesis,Astrocytes,Dentate gyrus,Sex,Spatial memory},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {09},
  pages        = {220--231},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Neurobiology of Aging},
  title        = {Differential alteration of hippocampal function and plasticity in females and males of the APPxPS1 mouse model of Alzheimer's disease},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2017.05.025},
  volume       = {57},
  year         = {2017},
}