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A step-wise method for annotating APPRAISAL

Fuoli, Matteo LU (2015) In Functions of Language 25(2).
Abstract
Despite a growing awareness of methodological issues, the literature on APPRAISAL has not so far provided adequate answers to some of the key challenges involved in reliably identifying and classifying evaluative language expressions. This article presents a step-wise method for the manual annotation of APPRAISAL in text that is designed to optimize reliability, replicability and transparency. The procedure consists of seven steps, from the creation of a context-specific annotation manual to the statistical analysis of the quantitative data derived from the manually-performed annotations. By presenting this method, the article pursues the twofold purpose of (i) providing a practical tool that can facilitate more reliable, replicable and... (More)
Despite a growing awareness of methodological issues, the literature on APPRAISAL has not so far provided adequate answers to some of the key challenges involved in reliably identifying and classifying evaluative language expressions. This article presents a step-wise method for the manual annotation of APPRAISAL in text that is designed to optimize reliability, replicability and transparency. The procedure consists of seven steps, from the creation of a context-specific annotation manual to the statistical analysis of the quantitative data derived from the manually-performed annotations. By presenting this method, the article pursues the twofold purpose of (i) providing a practical tool that can facilitate more reliable, replicable and transparent analyses, and (ii) fostering a discussion of the best practices that should be observed when manually annotating APPRAISAL. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
in press
subject
keywords
challenges in analyzing APPRAISAL, intra-coder agreement, Reliability, replicability, transparency, inter-coder agreement
in
Functions of Language
volume
25
issue
2
publisher
John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISSN
1569-9765
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ff0ad6ea-fd02-45c1-bb16-82733dda74c5 (old id 8146128)
date added to LUP
2015-11-11 12:41:18
date last changed
2017-03-28 09:48:10
@article{ff0ad6ea-fd02-45c1-bb16-82733dda74c5,
  abstract     = {Despite a growing awareness of methodological issues, the literature on APPRAISAL has not so far provided adequate answers to some of the key challenges involved in reliably identifying and classifying evaluative language expressions. This article presents a step-wise method for the manual annotation of APPRAISAL in text that is designed to optimize reliability, replicability and transparency. The procedure consists of seven steps, from the creation of a context-specific annotation manual to the statistical analysis of the quantitative data derived from the manually-performed annotations. By presenting this method, the article pursues the twofold purpose of (i) providing a practical tool that can facilitate more reliable, replicable and transparent analyses, and (ii) fostering a discussion of the best practices that should be observed when manually annotating APPRAISAL.},
  author       = {Fuoli, Matteo},
  issn         = {1569-9765},
  keyword      = {challenges in analyzing APPRAISAL,intra-coder agreement,Reliability,replicability,transparency,inter-coder agreement},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  publisher    = {John Benjamins Publishing Company},
  series       = {Functions of Language},
  title        = {A step-wise method for annotating APPRAISAL},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2015},
}