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Local Government Capacity in Post-Soviet Central Asia

Urinboyev, Rustamjon LU (2015) In Viesoji Politika Ir Administravimas 14(3). p.177-199
Abstract
This paper explores the context, problems, quality, and challenges of local governance in four Central Asian countries: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. The prime focus is on the question of whether local governments in this region perform their functions in an effective and efficient way. It looks at the four conditions – contextual, structural, institutional and human resource conditions – as factors for explaining the capacity of local governments in the region. These questions will be investigated with reference to academic literature and policy papers on the topic. The findings indicate that local governments in Central Asia do not have real capacity to adequately address the needs and concerns of citizens, as they... (More)
This paper explores the context, problems, quality, and challenges of local governance in four Central Asian countries: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. The prime focus is on the question of whether local governments in this region perform their functions in an effective and efficient way. It looks at the four conditions – contextual, structural, institutional and human resource conditions – as factors for explaining the capacity of local governments in the region. These questions will be investigated with reference to academic literature and policy papers on the topic. The findings indicate that local governments in Central Asia do not have real capacity to adequately address the needs and concerns of citizens, as they are heavily dependent on the central government in all policy issues, be it taxation, service delivery, local development, or privatization. The study suggests that local government reform in this region is not simply a matter of introducing Western-style governance structures or granting more autonomy to local actors. It is, more importantly, about understanding local socio-political context and promoting socio-economic change. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
post-Soviet societies, governance, decentralization, public administration, local government, Central Asia, civil service reform, Sociology
in
Viesoji Politika Ir Administravimas
volume
14
issue
3
pages
177 - 199
publisher
Kaunas University of Technology and Mykolas Romeris University
external identifiers
  • scopus:84955469407
ISSN
2029-2872
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d23b69e4-71f2-426b-a066-002d456a5410 (old id 8147509)
alternative location
http://www.itc.ktu.lt/index.php/PPA/article/view/13431
date added to LUP
2015-11-03 08:25:13
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:55:27
@article{d23b69e4-71f2-426b-a066-002d456a5410,
  abstract     = {This paper explores the context, problems, quality, and challenges of local governance in four Central Asian countries: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. The prime focus is on the question of whether local governments in this region perform their functions in an effective and efficient way. It looks at the four conditions – contextual, structural, institutional and human resource conditions – as factors for explaining the capacity of local governments in the region. These questions will be investigated with reference to academic literature and policy papers on the topic. The findings indicate that local governments in Central Asia do not have real capacity to adequately address the needs and concerns of citizens, as they are heavily dependent on the central government in all policy issues, be it taxation, service delivery, local development, or privatization. The study suggests that local government reform in this region is not simply a matter of introducing Western-style governance structures or granting more autonomy to local actors. It is, more importantly, about understanding local socio-political context and promoting socio-economic change.},
  author       = {Urinboyev, Rustamjon},
  issn         = {2029-2872},
  keyword      = {post-Soviet societies,governance,decentralization,public administration,local government,Central Asia,civil service reform,Sociology},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {177--199},
  publisher    = {Kaunas University of Technology and Mykolas Romeris University},
  series       = {Viesoji Politika Ir Administravimas},
  title        = {Local Government Capacity in Post-Soviet Central Asia},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2015},
}