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Geographic Elevation and Cognitive Function among Elderly Residents in Rural Mountainous Areas: Shimane CoHRE Study.

Hamano, Tsuyoshi; Onoda, Keiichi; Takeda, Miwako; Sundquist, Kristina LU ; Yamaguchi, Shuhei and Nabika, Toru (2015) In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 12(10). p.13365-13371
Abstract
The aim of this study was to test whether there is an association between elevation and cognitive function among elderly residents in rural mountainous areas. Data were collected in 2012 from a cross-sectional study conducted in Ohnan Town, which is located in a rural mountainous area in the southern part of Shimane Prefecture, Japan. Cognitive function was evaluated using CADi (Cognitive Assessment for Dementia, iPad version) and elevation was estimated by using Geographic Information Systems according to the participant's address. After excluding subjects with missing data, 866 participants were analyzed. After adjustment for potential confounding factors, higher elevation was significantly associated with decreased cognitive function.... (More)
The aim of this study was to test whether there is an association between elevation and cognitive function among elderly residents in rural mountainous areas. Data were collected in 2012 from a cross-sectional study conducted in Ohnan Town, which is located in a rural mountainous area in the southern part of Shimane Prefecture, Japan. Cognitive function was evaluated using CADi (Cognitive Assessment for Dementia, iPad version) and elevation was estimated by using Geographic Information Systems according to the participant's address. After excluding subjects with missing data, 866 participants were analyzed. After adjustment for potential confounding factors, higher elevation was significantly associated with decreased cognitive function. This finding suggests that it is important to consider the physical environment, i.e., elevation, that would affect accessibility to health-promoting goods, services, and resources when seeking to maintain cognitive function in elderly people living in rural mountainous areas. (Less)
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organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
volume
12
issue
10
pages
13365 - 13371
publisher
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
external identifiers
  • pmid:26512683
  • wos:000365472500086
  • scopus:84945404131
ISSN
1660-4601
DOI
10.3390/ijerph121013365
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6676785f-2b37-4576-be89-89ce83f3f88e (old id 8147949)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26512683?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2015-11-04 18:47:13
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:44:35
@article{6676785f-2b37-4576-be89-89ce83f3f88e,
  abstract     = {The aim of this study was to test whether there is an association between elevation and cognitive function among elderly residents in rural mountainous areas. Data were collected in 2012 from a cross-sectional study conducted in Ohnan Town, which is located in a rural mountainous area in the southern part of Shimane Prefecture, Japan. Cognitive function was evaluated using CADi (Cognitive Assessment for Dementia, iPad version) and elevation was estimated by using Geographic Information Systems according to the participant's address. After excluding subjects with missing data, 866 participants were analyzed. After adjustment for potential confounding factors, higher elevation was significantly associated with decreased cognitive function. This finding suggests that it is important to consider the physical environment, i.e., elevation, that would affect accessibility to health-promoting goods, services, and resources when seeking to maintain cognitive function in elderly people living in rural mountainous areas.},
  author       = {Hamano, Tsuyoshi and Onoda, Keiichi and Takeda, Miwako and Sundquist, Kristina and Yamaguchi, Shuhei and Nabika, Toru},
  issn         = {1660-4601},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {13365--13371},
  publisher    = {Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)},
  series       = {International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health},
  title        = {Geographic Elevation and Cognitive Function among Elderly Residents in Rural Mountainous Areas: Shimane CoHRE Study.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph121013365},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2015},
}