Advanced

Reduction of metal artifacts in MR imaging of patients with total hip arthroplasty

Müller, Gunilla LU (2015) In Lund University, Faculty of Medicine Doctoral Dissertation Series 2015:138.
Abstract
Aims of the studies: To apply and compare MR imaging metal artifact reducing sequences (MARS) including subtraction imaging

after contrast application in patients with metal-on-metal (MoM) hip prostheses, investigate the prevalence and characteristics of

periprosthetic abnormalities, as well as their relation with pain and risk factors. [Paper I]. To evaluate the distortion and artifact area of

metal in MR images and to compare artifact reduction using different MARS in patients with MoM and polyethylene-on-metal

(PoM) total hip prostheses (THA). [Paper II]. To develop methods for qualitative and quantitative evaluation of MRI artifacts near

metallic prostheses, and to compare the efficiency of... (More)
Aims of the studies: To apply and compare MR imaging metal artifact reducing sequences (MARS) including subtraction imaging

after contrast application in patients with metal-on-metal (MoM) hip prostheses, investigate the prevalence and characteristics of

periprosthetic abnormalities, as well as their relation with pain and risk factors. [Paper I]. To evaluate the distortion and artifact area of

metal in MR images and to compare artifact reduction using different MARS in patients with MoM and polyethylene-on-metal

(PoM) total hip prostheses (THA). [Paper II]. To develop methods for qualitative and quantitative evaluation of MRI artifacts near

metallic prostheses, and to compare the efficiency of different artifact suppression techniques with different types of hip prostheses.

[Paper III]. To investigate prevalence and characteristics of periprosthetic changes in PoM total hip arthroplasty patients using MR

metal artifact reducing sequences (MARS). [Paper IV]

Results: TSE VAT detected the highest number of osteolyses. Soft tissue mass (STM), effusion, and capsular thickening were

common, whereas osteolyses in acetabulum and femur were less frequent. Contrast enhancement occurred in bone, synovia, joint

capsule, and the periphery of STM. There was no significant relation between MRI findings and pain or risk factors. [Paper I]. The T1

VAT+SEMAC sequence showed the least distortion compared to T1 VAT and T1-hiBW (150°, 127° and 102°, p<0.001, in MoM;

152°, 143° and 128°, p≤0.014, in PoM). The artifact area was smaller in MoM prostheses using the T1 VAT sequence compared to T1

hiBW and T1 VAT+SEMAC (2506 mm

compared to T1-hiBW (4296 mm

STIR-hiBW (MoM 4559 mm

by up to 50% compared to TSE, but did not reduce through-plane artifacts. SEMAC reduced through-plane artifacts by 60-80%

compared to TSE and VAT. SEMAC in-plane artifacts were from 20 % higher (6 encoding steps) to 50% lower (16 steps) than VAT.

Total artifacts were reduced by 60-80% in the best sequence (SEMAC, 16 steps) compared to the worst (TSE). The titanium

prosthesis produced 3-4 times lower artifact scores than the other prostheses. [Paper III]. Prevalence of STM was numerically higher in

the symptomatic than in the asymptomatic group (64 % versus 36 %), as was osteolysis in acetabular (73% vs. 36%) and femoral

bones (55% vs. 36%), although these differences were not statistically significant. Acetabular osteolysis was significantly larger in the

symptomatic group (p=0.04), whereas the size and capsular thickness of the STM, and the osteolysis of femur were not significantly

different. [Paper IV]

Conclusions: MARS and gadolinium subtraction imaging are useful for evaluation of complications to MoM prosthesis. TSE VAT

had the highest sensitivity for osteolysis. Contrast enhancement might indicate activation of aseptic lymphocyte dominated vasculitis

associated lesion (ALVAL). Pain, small head, or steep prosthesis inclination angle are not useful predictors of periprosthetic

abnormalities, and wide indications for MR follow-up are warranted. [Paper I]. Metal artifacts in MR imaging examinations of hip

prostheses can be evaluated for distortion using a distortion angle (ARA) and the degree of signal artifact as determined by measuring

the largest cross-sectional artifact area. T1 VAT+SEMAC showed the least distortion; T1 VAT and STIR-mRFp were most efficient for

reduction of the artifact area. [Paper II]. A rectilinear grid phantom is useful for qualitative and quantitative evaluation of artifacts

provoked by different MR imaging protocols and prostheses models. VAT and SEMAC were superior to TSE with high bandwidth. A

proper number of z-encoding steps in SEMAC was critical. The titanium prosthesis caused least artifacts. [Paper III]. MARS detected

osteolyses in acetabular and femoral bone preoperatively with good precision. Acetabular osteolysis was significantly larger in the

symptomatic group. There were numerically more periprosthetic changes in the symptomatic compared to the asymptomatic control

group, but this latter difference was not statistically significant. Finally, nearly exclusively the fluid content of the soft tissue masses was

homogeneous. [Paper IV] (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Docent Shalabi, Adel, Department of Radiology, Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Magnetic resonance imaging. Musculoskeletal. Hip. Hip prosthesis. Complications. Metal artifact. Metal artifact-reducing sequences (MARS). Phantom studies. Artifact measurement. Image distortion.
categories
Higher Education
in
Lund University, Faculty of Medicine Doctoral Dissertation Series
volume
2015:138
pages
38 pages
publisher
Diagnostiskt centrum för bild-och funktionsmedicin, Inga Marie Nilssons gata 49, 214 21 Malmö
defense location
Room 2005-2007, Diagnostiskt centrum för bild- och funktionsmedicin, Inga Marie Nilssons gata 49, 214 21 Malmö
defense date
2015-12-10 13:00
ISSN
1652-8220
ISBN
978-91-7619-218-4
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9ac8c63e-10f3-4ff6-aa93-985e47269ae9 (old id 8232880)
date added to LUP
2015-11-30 09:04:30
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:48
@phdthesis{9ac8c63e-10f3-4ff6-aa93-985e47269ae9,
  abstract     = {Aims of the studies: To apply and compare MR imaging metal artifact reducing sequences (MARS) including subtraction imaging<br/><br>
after contrast application in patients with metal-on-metal (MoM) hip prostheses, investigate the prevalence and characteristics of<br/><br>
periprosthetic abnormalities, as well as their relation with pain and risk factors. [Paper I]. To evaluate the distortion and artifact area of<br/><br>
metal in MR images and to compare artifact reduction using different MARS in patients with MoM and polyethylene-on-metal<br/><br>
(PoM) total hip prostheses (THA). [Paper II]. To develop methods for qualitative and quantitative evaluation of MRI artifacts near<br/><br>
metallic prostheses, and to compare the efficiency of different artifact suppression techniques with different types of hip prostheses.<br/><br>
[Paper III]. To investigate prevalence and characteristics of periprosthetic changes in PoM total hip arthroplasty patients using MR<br/><br>
metal artifact reducing sequences (MARS). [Paper IV]<br/><br>
Results: TSE VAT detected the highest number of osteolyses. Soft tissue mass (STM), effusion, and capsular thickening were<br/><br>
common, whereas osteolyses in acetabulum and femur were less frequent. Contrast enhancement occurred in bone, synovia, joint<br/><br>
capsule, and the periphery of STM. There was no significant relation between MRI findings and pain or risk factors. [Paper I]. The T1<br/><br>
VAT+SEMAC sequence showed the least distortion compared to T1 VAT and T1-hiBW (150°, 127° and 102°, p&lt;0.001, in MoM;<br/><br>
152°, 143° and 128°, p≤0.014, in PoM). The artifact area was smaller in MoM prostheses using the T1 VAT sequence compared to T1<br/><br>
hiBW and T1 VAT+SEMAC (2506 mm<br/><br>
compared to T1-hiBW (4296 mm<br/><br>
STIR-hiBW (MoM 4559 mm<br/><br>
by up to 50% compared to TSE, but did not reduce through-plane artifacts. SEMAC reduced through-plane artifacts by 60-80%<br/><br>
compared to TSE and VAT. SEMAC in-plane artifacts were from 20 % higher (6 encoding steps) to 50% lower (16 steps) than VAT.<br/><br>
Total artifacts were reduced by 60-80% in the best sequence (SEMAC, 16 steps) compared to the worst (TSE). The titanium<br/><br>
prosthesis produced 3-4 times lower artifact scores than the other prostheses. [Paper III]. Prevalence of STM was numerically higher in<br/><br>
the symptomatic than in the asymptomatic group (64 % versus 36 %), as was osteolysis in acetabular (73% vs. 36%) and femoral<br/><br>
bones (55% vs. 36%), although these differences were not statistically significant. Acetabular osteolysis was significantly larger in the<br/><br>
symptomatic group (p=0.04), whereas the size and capsular thickness of the STM, and the osteolysis of femur were not significantly<br/><br>
different. [Paper IV]<br/><br>
Conclusions: MARS and gadolinium subtraction imaging are useful for evaluation of complications to MoM prosthesis. TSE VAT<br/><br>
had the highest sensitivity for osteolysis. Contrast enhancement might indicate activation of aseptic lymphocyte dominated vasculitis<br/><br>
associated lesion (ALVAL). Pain, small head, or steep prosthesis inclination angle are not useful predictors of periprosthetic<br/><br>
abnormalities, and wide indications for MR follow-up are warranted. [Paper I]. Metal artifacts in MR imaging examinations of hip<br/><br>
prostheses can be evaluated for distortion using a distortion angle (ARA) and the degree of signal artifact as determined by measuring<br/><br>
the largest cross-sectional artifact area. T1 VAT+SEMAC showed the least distortion; T1 VAT and STIR-mRFp were most efficient for<br/><br>
reduction of the artifact area. [Paper II]. A rectilinear grid phantom is useful for qualitative and quantitative evaluation of artifacts<br/><br>
provoked by different MR imaging protocols and prostheses models. VAT and SEMAC were superior to TSE with high bandwidth. A<br/><br>
proper number of z-encoding steps in SEMAC was critical. The titanium prosthesis caused least artifacts. [Paper III]. MARS detected<br/><br>
osteolyses in acetabular and femoral bone preoperatively with good precision. Acetabular osteolysis was significantly larger in the<br/><br>
symptomatic group. There were numerically more periprosthetic changes in the symptomatic compared to the asymptomatic control<br/><br>
group, but this latter difference was not statistically significant. Finally, nearly exclusively the fluid content of the soft tissue masses was<br/><br>
homogeneous. [Paper IV]},
  author       = {Müller, Gunilla},
  isbn         = {978-91-7619-218-4},
  issn         = {1652-8220},
  keyword      = {Magnetic resonance imaging. Musculoskeletal. Hip. Hip prosthesis. Complications. Metal artifact. Metal artifact-reducing sequences (MARS). Phantom studies. Artifact measurement. Image distortion.},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {38},
  publisher    = {Diagnostiskt centrum för bild-och funktionsmedicin, Inga Marie Nilssons gata 49, 214 21 Malmö},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund University, Faculty of Medicine Doctoral Dissertation Series},
  title        = {Reduction of metal artifacts in MR imaging of patients with total hip arthroplasty},
  volume       = {2015:138},
  year         = {2015},
}