Advanced

Mapped Bodies : Notes on the Use of Biometrics in Geopolitical Contexts

Liljefors, Max LU and Lee-Morrison, Lila LU (2015) In Socioaesthetics. Ambience – Imaginary 19. p.53-72
Abstract
“Mapped Bodies: Notes on the Use of Biometrics in Geopolitical Contexts” examines the role played by automated biometric technologies in migration control and in the so-called war on terror. Biometric methods such as automated fingerprint identification, iris scanning and facial recognition record microscopic bodily characteristics, computes patterns from them, and matches those patterns against already existing records in super-national databases. These technologies, we argue, are a telling example of a recasting of the relations between the body and state power, in which two current trends, the ‘biologization’ of the human being and the focus on security in the so-called war on terror, after 9/11 and subsequent terror attacks, are... (More)
“Mapped Bodies: Notes on the Use of Biometrics in Geopolitical Contexts” examines the role played by automated biometric technologies in migration control and in the so-called war on terror. Biometric methods such as automated fingerprint identification, iris scanning and facial recognition record microscopic bodily characteristics, computes patterns from them, and matches those patterns against already existing records in super-national databases. These technologies, we argue, are a telling example of a recasting of the relations between the body and state power, in which two current trends, the ‘biologization’ of the human being and the focus on security in the so-called war on terror, after 9/11 and subsequent terror attacks, are epitomized and combined. Starting from a visual culture studies perspective, this article discusses the negotiations of visibility and invisibility involved in biometrics, in connection to questions of power, subjectivity and citizenship. We draw on Vilém Flusser’s and Paul Virilio’s respective understanding of visual technologies as being ultimately ”blind”. We also draw on Emmanuel Levinas’ and Giorgio Agamben’s elaborations on the human face as an inherently ethical ”depth dimension” of interpersonal encounters, a depth we find at risk of becoming eclipsed by the biometric flattening of bodily topographies into abstract, encoded patterns. Ultimately, we argue, automated biometrics threatens to dissolve the bond between subjectivity and citizenship. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
biometrics, philosophy, subjectivity, biopolitics, geopolitics
in
Socioaesthetics. Ambience – Imaginary
editor
Anders, Michelsen; Frederik, Tygstrup; and
volume
19
pages
53 - 72
publisher
Brill Academic Publishers
ISSN
1572-459X
ISBN
9789004246270
9789004303751
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
81ea141c-e87f-42f6-ad33-3b08c568180f (old id 8259309)
date added to LUP
2015-12-04 09:48:49
date last changed
2016-04-16 01:38:08
@inbook{81ea141c-e87f-42f6-ad33-3b08c568180f,
  abstract     = {“Mapped Bodies: Notes on the Use of Biometrics in Geopolitical Contexts” examines the role played by automated biometric technologies in migration control and in the so-called war on terror. Biometric methods such as automated fingerprint identification, iris scanning and facial recognition record microscopic bodily characteristics, computes patterns from them, and matches those patterns against already existing records in super-national databases. These technologies, we argue, are a telling example of a recasting of the relations between the body and state power, in which two current trends, the ‘biologization’ of the human being and the focus on security in the so-called war on terror, after 9/11 and subsequent terror attacks, are epitomized and combined. Starting from a visual culture studies perspective, this article discusses the negotiations of visibility and invisibility involved in biometrics, in connection to questions of power, subjectivity and citizenship. We draw on Vilém Flusser’s and Paul Virilio’s respective understanding of visual technologies as being ultimately ”blind”. We also draw on Emmanuel Levinas’ and Giorgio Agamben’s elaborations on the human face as an inherently ethical ”depth dimension” of interpersonal encounters, a depth we find at risk of becoming eclipsed by the biometric flattening of bodily topographies into abstract, encoded patterns. Ultimately, we argue, automated biometrics threatens to dissolve the bond between subjectivity and citizenship.},
  author       = {Liljefors, Max and Lee-Morrison, Lila},
  editor       = {Anders, Michelsen and Frederik, Tygstrup},
  isbn         = {9789004246270},
  issn         = {1572-459X},
  keyword      = {biometrics,philosophy,subjectivity,biopolitics,geopolitics},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {53--72},
  publisher    = {Brill Academic Publishers},
  series       = {Socioaesthetics. Ambience – Imaginary},
  title        = {Mapped Bodies : Notes on the Use of Biometrics in Geopolitical Contexts},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2015},
}