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Consumers on the Internet: ethical and legal aspects of commercialization of personalized nutrition

Ahlgren, Jennie LU ; Nordgren, Anders; Perrudin, Maud; Ronteltap, Amber; Savigny, Jean; van Trijp, Hans; Nordström, Karin LU and Görman, Ulf LU (2013) In Genes & Nutrition 8(4). p.349-355
Abstract
Consumers often have a positive attitude to the option of receiving personalized nutrition advice based upon genetic testing, since the prospect of enhancing or maintaining one’s health can be perceived as empowering. Current direct-to-consumer services over the Internet, however, suffer from a questionable level of truthfulness and consumer protection, in addition to an imbalance between far-reaching promises and contrasting disclaimers. Psychological and behavioral studies indicate that consumer acceptance of a new technology is primarily explained by the end user’s rational and emotional interpretation as well as moral beliefs. Results from such studies indicate that personalized nutrition must create true value for the consumer. Also,... (More)
Consumers often have a positive attitude to the option of receiving personalized nutrition advice based upon genetic testing, since the prospect of enhancing or maintaining one’s health can be perceived as empowering. Current direct-to-consumer services over the Internet, however, suffer from a questionable level of truthfulness and consumer protection, in addition to an imbalance between far-reaching promises and contrasting disclaimers. Psychological and behavioral studies indicate that consumer acceptance of a new technology is primarily explained by the end user’s rational and emotional interpretation as well as moral beliefs. Results from such studies indicate that personalized nutrition must create true value for the consumer. Also, the freedom to choose is crucial for consumer acceptance. From an ethical point of view, consumer protection is crucial, and caution must be exercised when putting nutrigenomic-based tests and advice services on the market. Current Internet offerings appear to reveal a need to further guaranty legal certainty by ensuring privacy, consumer protection and safety. Personalized nutrition services are on the borderline between nutrition and medicine. Current regulation of this area is incomplete and undergoing development. This situation entails the necessity for carefully assessing and developing existing rules that safeguard fundamental rights and data protection while taking into account the sensitivity of data, the risks posed by each step in their processing, and sufficient guarantees for consumers against potential misuse. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
personalized nutrition, direct-to-consumer, nutrigenomic tests, attitudes, consumer acceptance, ethics, legal regulation
in
Genes & Nutrition
volume
8
issue
4
pages
349 - 355
publisher
New Century Health Publishers
external identifiers
  • wos:000320733200003
  • scopus:84879691841
ISSN
1555-8932
DOI
10.1007/s12263-013-0331-0
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8299c406-e7c3-4a7d-8127-0e72cb58243a (old id 3563507)
date added to LUP
2013-03-19 11:05:16
date last changed
2019-08-14 01:30:54
@article{8299c406-e7c3-4a7d-8127-0e72cb58243a,
  abstract     = {Consumers often have a positive attitude to the option of receiving personalized nutrition advice based upon genetic testing, since the prospect of enhancing or maintaining one’s health can be perceived as empowering. Current direct-to-consumer services over the Internet, however, suffer from a questionable level of truthfulness and consumer protection, in addition to an imbalance between far-reaching promises and contrasting disclaimers. Psychological and behavioral studies indicate that consumer acceptance of a new technology is primarily explained by the end user’s rational and emotional interpretation as well as moral beliefs. Results from such studies indicate that personalized nutrition must create true value for the consumer. Also, the freedom to choose is crucial for consumer acceptance. From an ethical point of view, consumer protection is crucial, and caution must be exercised when putting nutrigenomic-based tests and advice services on the market. Current Internet offerings appear to reveal a need to further guaranty legal certainty by ensuring privacy, consumer protection and safety. Personalized nutrition services are on the borderline between nutrition and medicine. Current regulation of this area is incomplete and undergoing development. This situation entails the necessity for carefully assessing and developing existing rules that safeguard fundamental rights and data protection while taking into account the sensitivity of data, the risks posed by each step in their processing, and sufficient guarantees for consumers against potential misuse.},
  author       = {Ahlgren, Jennie and Nordgren, Anders and Perrudin, Maud and Ronteltap, Amber and Savigny, Jean and van Trijp, Hans and Nordström, Karin and Görman, Ulf},
  issn         = {1555-8932},
  keyword      = {personalized nutrition,direct-to-consumer,nutrigenomic tests,attitudes,consumer acceptance,ethics,legal regulation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {349--355},
  publisher    = {New Century Health Publishers},
  series       = {Genes & Nutrition},
  title        = {Consumers on the Internet: ethical and legal aspects of commercialization of personalized nutrition},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12263-013-0331-0},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2013},
}