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A conceptual fatigue-motivation model to represent pedestrian movement during stair evacuation

Ronchi, Enrico LU ; Reneke, Paul and Peacock, Richard (2015) In Applied Mathematical Modelling
Abstract
Evacuation models often neglect the impact of fatigue on pedestrian movement during stair evacuation. While a limited number of sub-models are available in the literature to represent fatigue during evacuations, they mostly refer to simple, fixed walking speed reductions due to physical fatigue. This paper introduces a more comprehensive conceptual model for the representation of the impact of fatigue on the performance of evacuees during building stair evacuation. The model is presented considering its conceptual formulation and the issues associated with its implementation. First, a comprehensive conceptual representation of the factors concerning fatigue affecting human behaviour is discussed. The model takes into account 1) physical... (More)
Evacuation models often neglect the impact of fatigue on pedestrian movement during stair evacuation. While a limited number of sub-models are available in the literature to represent fatigue during evacuations, they mostly refer to simple, fixed walking speed reductions due to physical fatigue. This paper introduces a more comprehensive conceptual model for the representation of the impact of fatigue on the performance of evacuees during building stair evacuation. The model is presented considering its conceptual formulation and the issues associated with its implementation. First, a comprehensive conceptual representation of the factors concerning fatigue affecting human behaviour is discussed. The model takes into account 1) physical factors (i.e., physical fatigue), and 2) psychological factors (i.e., motivation, intended as the variable balancing the perceived risk and the perceived fatigue). Second, the application of the proposed fatigue-motivation model to a hydraulic or Newtonian based evacuation modelling tool is discussed at various levels of sophistication. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
in press
subject
keywords
Pedestrian, Modelling, Fatigue, Stair, Egress, Evacuation
in
Applied Mathematical Modelling
publisher
Elsevier Inc.
external identifiers
  • scopus:84953775262
ISSN
0307-904X
DOI
10.1016/j.apm.2015.11.040
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
09b04e80-7c8d-46c3-bd4a-6e43a13b1a42 (old id 8409205)
date added to LUP
2015-12-17 11:09:09
date last changed
2017-07-02 04:32:08
@article{09b04e80-7c8d-46c3-bd4a-6e43a13b1a42,
  abstract     = {Evacuation models often neglect the impact of fatigue on pedestrian movement during stair evacuation. While a limited number of sub-models are available in the literature to represent fatigue during evacuations, they mostly refer to simple, fixed walking speed reductions due to physical fatigue. This paper introduces a more comprehensive conceptual model for the representation of the impact of fatigue on the performance of evacuees during building stair evacuation. The model is presented considering its conceptual formulation and the issues associated with its implementation. First, a comprehensive conceptual representation of the factors concerning fatigue affecting human behaviour is discussed. The model takes into account 1) physical factors (i.e., physical fatigue), and 2) psychological factors (i.e., motivation, intended as the variable balancing the perceived risk and the perceived fatigue). Second, the application of the proposed fatigue-motivation model to a hydraulic or Newtonian based evacuation modelling tool is discussed at various levels of sophistication.},
  author       = {Ronchi, Enrico and Reneke, Paul and Peacock, Richard},
  issn         = {0307-904X},
  keyword      = {Pedestrian,Modelling,Fatigue,Stair,Egress,Evacuation},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Elsevier Inc.},
  series       = {Applied Mathematical Modelling},
  title        = {A conceptual fatigue-motivation model to represent pedestrian movement during stair evacuation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apm.2015.11.040},
  year         = {2015},
}