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ONLINE HATE CRIME – SOCIAL NORMS AND THE LEGAL SYSTEM

Dahlstrand, Karl LU ; Wigerfelt, Berit and Wigerfelt, Anders (2015) In Quaestio Iuris 8(3). p.1859-1878
Abstract
A central point of departure for this socio-legal study about online hate crimes concerns the significance of analysing and understanding social norms in relation to these crimes on the Internet. This is of importance not least when one approaches the issue of how law and the legal system may contribute towards positive developments in this field and prevent hate crimes. It is apparent that law and social norms function concurrently in influencing behaviours. On the one hand, social norms have a strong impact on how law is formulated due to law typically being shaped to reflect the morals and values in society. On the other hand, the reverse effect can also play an important role: When law leads and paves the way for changed behaviours, it... (More)
A central point of departure for this socio-legal study about online hate crimes concerns the significance of analysing and understanding social norms in relation to these crimes on the Internet. This is of importance not least when one approaches the issue of how law and the legal system may contribute towards positive developments in this field and prevent hate crimes. It is apparent that law and social norms function concurrently in influencing behaviours. On the one hand, social norms have a strong impact on how law is formulated due to law typically being shaped to reflect the morals and values in society. On the other hand, the reverse effect can also play an important role: When law leads and paves the way for changed behaviours, it may in time produce changes in social norms. People tend to revaluate their views of right and wrong and adapt their values towards legally advocated behaviour. People also tend to make demands of their social environment in a manner that coincides with legally grounded values. Through clear legal signals, processes are initiated that have the potential, in time, to lead to changed social norms. People must, then, not only consider the legally constructed risk involved in being caught, sentenced and punished, we must also relate to the risk of being condemned by our fellow citizens. The empirical study is made in Sweden and the article present the Swedish legal and social context related to different hate crimes and how these phenomena are perceived among Swedish Internet users. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Social norms, Hate crimes, Socio-legal, Swedish Internet users, Legal system.
in
Quaestio Iuris
volume
8
issue
3
pages
1859 - 1878
publisher
Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ)
ISSN
1516-0351
project
Kränkningar i en digital kontext
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f2d365c0-1d24-4c8e-ab4e-7473f8687be8 (old id 8454239)
date added to LUP
2015-12-23 09:23:54
date last changed
2016-04-16 00:45:14
@article{f2d365c0-1d24-4c8e-ab4e-7473f8687be8,
  abstract     = {A central point of departure for this socio-legal study about online hate crimes concerns the significance of analysing and understanding social norms in relation to these crimes on the Internet. This is of importance not least when one approaches the issue of how law and the legal system may contribute towards positive developments in this field and prevent hate crimes. It is apparent that law and social norms function concurrently in influencing behaviours. On the one hand, social norms have a strong impact on how law is formulated due to law typically being shaped to reflect the morals and values in society. On the other hand, the reverse effect can also play an important role: When law leads and paves the way for changed behaviours, it may in time produce changes in social norms. People tend to revaluate their views of right and wrong and adapt their values towards legally advocated behaviour. People also tend to make demands of their social environment in a manner that coincides with legally grounded values. Through clear legal signals, processes are initiated that have the potential, in time, to lead to changed social norms. People must, then, not only consider the legally constructed risk involved in being caught, sentenced and punished, we must also relate to the risk of being condemned by our fellow citizens. The empirical study is made in Sweden and the article present the Swedish legal and social context related to different hate crimes and how these phenomena are perceived among Swedish Internet users.},
  author       = {Dahlstrand, Karl and Wigerfelt, Berit and Wigerfelt, Anders},
  issn         = {1516-0351},
  keyword      = {Social norms,Hate crimes,Socio-legal,Swedish Internet users,Legal system.},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {1859--1878},
  publisher    = {Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ)},
  series       = {Quaestio Iuris},
  title        = {ONLINE HATE CRIME – SOCIAL NORMS AND THE LEGAL SYSTEM},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2015},
}