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Sampling frequency affects the processing of ActiGraph raw acceleration data to activity counts.

Brønd, Jan Christian and Arvidsson, Daniel LU (2016) In Journal of Applied Physiology 120(3). p.362-369
Abstract
ActiGraph acceleration data are processed through several steps (including bandpass filtering to attenuate unwanted signal frequencies) to generate the activity counts commonly used in physical activity research. We performed three experiments to investigate the effect of sampling frequency on the generation of activity counts. Ideal acceleration signals were produced in the MATLAB software. Thereafter, ActiGraph GT3X+ monitors were spinned in a mechanical setup. Finally, twenty subjects performed walking and running wearing GT3X+ monitors. Acceleration data from all experiments were collected with different sampling frequencies and activity counts were generated with the ActiLife software. With the default 30 Hz (or 60 Hz, 90 Hz) sampling... (More)
ActiGraph acceleration data are processed through several steps (including bandpass filtering to attenuate unwanted signal frequencies) to generate the activity counts commonly used in physical activity research. We performed three experiments to investigate the effect of sampling frequency on the generation of activity counts. Ideal acceleration signals were produced in the MATLAB software. Thereafter, ActiGraph GT3X+ monitors were spinned in a mechanical setup. Finally, twenty subjects performed walking and running wearing GT3X+ monitors. Acceleration data from all experiments were collected with different sampling frequencies and activity counts were generated with the ActiLife software. With the default 30 Hz (or 60 Hz, 90 Hz) sampling frequency, the generation of activity counts was performed as intended with 50 % attenuation of acceleration signals with a frequency of 2.5 Hz by the signal frequency bandpass filter. Frequencies above 5 Hz were eliminated totally. However, with other sampling frequencies, acceleration signals above 5 Hz escaped the bandpass filter to a varied degree and contributed to additional activity counts. Similar results were found for the spinning of the GT3X+ monitors, although the amont of activity counts generated was less, indicating that raw data stored in the GT3X+ monitor is processed. Between 600 and 1600 more counts per minute were generated with the sampling frequencies 40 Hz and 100 Hz compared to 30 Hz during running. Sampling frequency affects the processing of ActiGraph acceleration data to activity counts. Researchers need to be aware of this error when selecting sampling frequencies other than the default 30 Hz. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Applied Physiology
volume
120
issue
3
pages
362 - 369
publisher
American Physiological Society
external identifiers
  • pmid:26635347
  • wos:000369051600008
  • scopus:84956904349
ISSN
1522-1601
DOI
10.1152/japplphysiol.00628.2015
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
874db0f3-78a0-42f3-8d64-29e8847691f3 (old id 8505664)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26635347?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2016-01-04 22:09:14
date last changed
2017-10-29 03:05:30
@article{874db0f3-78a0-42f3-8d64-29e8847691f3,
  abstract     = {ActiGraph acceleration data are processed through several steps (including bandpass filtering to attenuate unwanted signal frequencies) to generate the activity counts commonly used in physical activity research. We performed three experiments to investigate the effect of sampling frequency on the generation of activity counts. Ideal acceleration signals were produced in the MATLAB software. Thereafter, ActiGraph GT3X+ monitors were spinned in a mechanical setup. Finally, twenty subjects performed walking and running wearing GT3X+ monitors. Acceleration data from all experiments were collected with different sampling frequencies and activity counts were generated with the ActiLife software. With the default 30 Hz (or 60 Hz, 90 Hz) sampling frequency, the generation of activity counts was performed as intended with 50 % attenuation of acceleration signals with a frequency of 2.5 Hz by the signal frequency bandpass filter. Frequencies above 5 Hz were eliminated totally. However, with other sampling frequencies, acceleration signals above 5 Hz escaped the bandpass filter to a varied degree and contributed to additional activity counts. Similar results were found for the spinning of the GT3X+ monitors, although the amont of activity counts generated was less, indicating that raw data stored in the GT3X+ monitor is processed. Between 600 and 1600 more counts per minute were generated with the sampling frequencies 40 Hz and 100 Hz compared to 30 Hz during running. Sampling frequency affects the processing of ActiGraph acceleration data to activity counts. Researchers need to be aware of this error when selecting sampling frequencies other than the default 30 Hz.},
  author       = {Brønd, Jan Christian and Arvidsson, Daniel},
  issn         = {1522-1601},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {362--369},
  publisher    = {American Physiological Society},
  series       = {Journal of Applied Physiology},
  title        = {Sampling frequency affects the processing of ActiGraph raw acceleration data to activity counts.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00628.2015},
  volume       = {120},
  year         = {2016},
}