Size Distributions of Hydrometeors: Analysis with the Maximum Entropy Principle
(2016) In Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 73(1). p.95108 Abstract
 This paper proposes that the maximum entropy principle can be used for determining the drop size distribution of hydrometeors. The maximum entropy principle can be applied to any physical systems with many degrees of freedom in order to determine a distribution of a variable when the following are known: 1) the restriction variable that leads to a homogeneous distribution without constraint and 2) a set of integrals weighted by the distribution, such as mean and variance, that constrain the system. The principle simply seeks a distribution that gives the maximum possible number of partitions among all the possible states. A continuous limit can be taken by assuming a constant bin size for the restriction variable.This paper suggests that... (More)
 This paper proposes that the maximum entropy principle can be used for determining the drop size distribution of hydrometeors. The maximum entropy principle can be applied to any physical systems with many degrees of freedom in order to determine a distribution of a variable when the following are known: 1) the restriction variable that leads to a homogeneous distribution without constraint and 2) a set of integrals weighted by the distribution, such as mean and variance, that constrain the system. The principle simply seeks a distribution that gives the maximum possible number of partitions among all the possible states. A continuous limit can be taken by assuming a constant bin size for the restriction variable.This paper suggests that the drop mass is the most likely restriction variable, and the laws of conservation of total bulk mass and of total vertical drop mass flux are two of the most likely physical constraints to a hydrometeor drop size distribution. Under this consideration, the distribution is most likely constrained by the total bulk mass when an ensemble of drops under the coalescencebreakup process is confined inside a closed box. Alternatively, for an artificial rain produced from the top of a high ceiling under a constant mass flux of water fall, the total drop mass flux is the most likely constraint to the drop size distribution. Preliminary analysis of alreadypublished data is not inconsistent with the above hypotheses, although the results are rather inconclusive. Data in the large drop size limit are required in order to reach a more definite conclusion. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
http://lup.lub.lu.se/record/8539922
 author
 Yano, JunIchi; Heymsfield, Andrew J. and Phillips, Vaughan ^{LU}
 organization
 publishing date
 2016
 type
 Contribution to journal
 publication status
 published
 subject
 keywords
 Physical Meteorology and Climatology, Cloud microphysics
 in
 Journal of Atmospheric Sciences
 volume
 73
 issue
 1
 pages
 95  108
 publisher
 Amer Meteorological Soc
 external identifiers

 wos:000367397700001
 scopus:84957705315
 ISSN
 15200469
 DOI
 10.1175/JASD150097.1
 language
 English
 LU publication?
 yes
 id
 1552d9fd320b4aaaae03d51661048610 (old id 8539922)
 date added to LUP
 20160126 11:51:56
 date last changed
 20170101 03:07:27
@article{1552d9fd320b4aaaae03d51661048610, abstract = {This paper proposes that the maximum entropy principle can be used for determining the drop size distribution of hydrometeors. The maximum entropy principle can be applied to any physical systems with many degrees of freedom in order to determine a distribution of a variable when the following are known: 1) the restriction variable that leads to a homogeneous distribution without constraint and 2) a set of integrals weighted by the distribution, such as mean and variance, that constrain the system. The principle simply seeks a distribution that gives the maximum possible number of partitions among all the possible states. A continuous limit can be taken by assuming a constant bin size for the restriction variable.This paper suggests that the drop mass is the most likely restriction variable, and the laws of conservation of total bulk mass and of total vertical drop mass flux are two of the most likely physical constraints to a hydrometeor drop size distribution. Under this consideration, the distribution is most likely constrained by the total bulk mass when an ensemble of drops under the coalescencebreakup process is confined inside a closed box. Alternatively, for an artificial rain produced from the top of a high ceiling under a constant mass flux of water fall, the total drop mass flux is the most likely constraint to the drop size distribution. Preliminary analysis of alreadypublished data is not inconsistent with the above hypotheses, although the results are rather inconclusive. Data in the large drop size limit are required in order to reach a more definite conclusion.}, author = {Yano, JunIchi and Heymsfield, Andrew J. and Phillips, Vaughan}, issn = {15200469}, keyword = {Physical Meteorology and Climatology,Cloud microphysics}, language = {eng}, number = {1}, pages = {95108}, publisher = {Amer Meteorological Soc}, series = {Journal of Atmospheric Sciences}, title = {Size Distributions of Hydrometeors: Analysis with the Maximum Entropy Principle}, url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JASD150097.1}, volume = {73}, year = {2016}, }