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Pyrite framboid size distribution as a record for relative variations in sedimentation rate: An example on the Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event in Southiberian Palaeomargin

Gallego-Torres, David; Reolid, Matias; Nieto-Moreno, Vanesa and Martinez, Francisco LU (2015) In Sedimentary Geology 330. p.59-73
Abstract
The Early Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event (T-OAE) represents one of the major alterations of the carbon cycle of the Mesozoic period. Despite being globally recognized, and particularly represented within the Tethys realm, its expression in the sedimentary record is highly variable depending on the studied section, which suggests local environmental factors exert a major control on the resulting lithological appearance of the event. We investigated the Fuente Vidriera section, in the eastern External Subbetic of the Betic Cordillera (Spain), where the Lower Jurassic is represented by alternate layers of marls and many limestones, and the T-OAE is identified by a major delta C-13 excursion, micropalaeontological, ichnofacies and geochemical... (More)
The Early Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event (T-OAE) represents one of the major alterations of the carbon cycle of the Mesozoic period. Despite being globally recognized, and particularly represented within the Tethys realm, its expression in the sedimentary record is highly variable depending on the studied section, which suggests local environmental factors exert a major control on the resulting lithological appearance of the event. We investigated the Fuente Vidriera section, in the eastern External Subbetic of the Betic Cordillera (Spain), where the Lower Jurassic is represented by alternate layers of marls and many limestones, and the T-OAE is identified by a major delta C-13 excursion, micropalaeontological, ichnofacies and geochemical evidences 1 For this study, we analyzed pyrite framboid size distribution of the sedimentary sequence in Fuente Vidriera. The outcome, according to previous studies on pyrite framboid distribution, is contradictory when compared to all other evidences, suggesting oxygen depletion during the T-OAE. The results have been reinterpreted in the light of Crystal Size Distribution Theory and we conclude that not only growth time but also geochemical environment controls pyrite formation. Since growth time is directly related to burial rates, this approach allows us to reconstruct relative variations of sedimentation rates during the Early Jurassic in this location. Based on the obtained results, we provide new evidences for wide-spread transgression during the Early Toarcian in the South Iberian palaeomargin, which induced low sedimentation rate and lower energetic conditions, as well as favored oxygen impoverished bottom waters. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Redox conditions, Framboid size, Crystal growth, Sedimentation rate, Subbetic, Lower Jurassic
in
Sedimentary Geology
volume
330
pages
59 - 73
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000366224300005
  • scopus:84945118675
ISSN
0037-0738
DOI
10.1016/j.sedgeo.2015.09.013
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b1b319c1-8597-47fb-95ed-67f04e81690b (old id 8557034)
date added to LUP
2016-01-26 12:59:36
date last changed
2017-10-29 03:54:56
@article{b1b319c1-8597-47fb-95ed-67f04e81690b,
  abstract     = {The Early Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event (T-OAE) represents one of the major alterations of the carbon cycle of the Mesozoic period. Despite being globally recognized, and particularly represented within the Tethys realm, its expression in the sedimentary record is highly variable depending on the studied section, which suggests local environmental factors exert a major control on the resulting lithological appearance of the event. We investigated the Fuente Vidriera section, in the eastern External Subbetic of the Betic Cordillera (Spain), where the Lower Jurassic is represented by alternate layers of marls and many limestones, and the T-OAE is identified by a major delta C-13 excursion, micropalaeontological, ichnofacies and geochemical evidences 1 For this study, we analyzed pyrite framboid size distribution of the sedimentary sequence in Fuente Vidriera. The outcome, according to previous studies on pyrite framboid distribution, is contradictory when compared to all other evidences, suggesting oxygen depletion during the T-OAE. The results have been reinterpreted in the light of Crystal Size Distribution Theory and we conclude that not only growth time but also geochemical environment controls pyrite formation. Since growth time is directly related to burial rates, this approach allows us to reconstruct relative variations of sedimentation rates during the Early Jurassic in this location. Based on the obtained results, we provide new evidences for wide-spread transgression during the Early Toarcian in the South Iberian palaeomargin, which induced low sedimentation rate and lower energetic conditions, as well as favored oxygen impoverished bottom waters. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Gallego-Torres, David and Reolid, Matias and Nieto-Moreno, Vanesa and Martinez, Francisco},
  issn         = {0037-0738},
  keyword      = {Redox conditions,Framboid size,Crystal growth,Sedimentation rate,Subbetic,Lower Jurassic},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {59--73},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Sedimentary Geology},
  title        = {Pyrite framboid size distribution as a record for relative variations in sedimentation rate: An example on the Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event in Southiberian Palaeomargin},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sedgeo.2015.09.013},
  volume       = {330},
  year         = {2015},
}