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Macro-, meso- and micro-charcoal from the Epigravettian settlements of Mezhyrich (Ukraine): Taphonomical and anthracological issues

Marquer, Laurent LU ; Lebreton, Vincent; Otto, Thierry and Messager, Erwan (2015) In L'Anthropologie 119(4). p.487-504
Abstract
This paper is the state of the art of charcoal signal studies (macro-, meso- and micro-charcoal) that have been carried out at the Epigravettian settlement of Mezhyrich. This work took part of the French ANR project "Mammouths". Charcoal signals have been found in both natural and archaeological (pits and activity areas) deposits that have been sampled during the 2007-2008 archaeological excavations. This study aims at discussing the natural versus anthropic causes of those charcoal signals. Microscopic charcoal have been observed and quantified from loess sediments; they are probably the consequence of regional fire regimes. Charcoal signals found in archaeological layers would be mainly caused by human activities. The major charcoal... (More)
This paper is the state of the art of charcoal signal studies (macro-, meso- and micro-charcoal) that have been carried out at the Epigravettian settlement of Mezhyrich. This work took part of the French ANR project "Mammouths". Charcoal signals have been found in both natural and archaeological (pits and activity areas) deposits that have been sampled during the 2007-2008 archaeological excavations. This study aims at discussing the natural versus anthropic causes of those charcoal signals. Microscopic charcoal have been observed and quantified from loess sediments; they are probably the consequence of regional fire regimes. Charcoal signals found in archaeological layers would be mainly caused by human activities. The major charcoal signal is observed within the microscopic part of the archaeological sediments and thereby underlines the intensity of taphonomic processes. The identification of wood charcoal shows that birch and willow were located along the riverbanks, which provides further discussion of prehistoric fuel management in Pleniglacial context. (C) 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Wood charcoal, Charcoal signal, Taphonomy, Fuel management, Eastern, Europe, Pleniglacial
in
L'Anthropologie
volume
119
issue
4
pages
487 - 504
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000366066300008
  • scopus:84943454546
ISSN
0003-5521
DOI
10.1016/j.anthro.2015.07.006
language
French
LU publication?
yes
id
fcbcaa83-79be-4ded-b623-8ff5382c13b3 (old id 8559985)
date added to LUP
2016-01-26 12:18:46
date last changed
2017-10-01 04:18:27
@article{fcbcaa83-79be-4ded-b623-8ff5382c13b3,
  abstract     = {This paper is the state of the art of charcoal signal studies (macro-, meso- and micro-charcoal) that have been carried out at the Epigravettian settlement of Mezhyrich. This work took part of the French ANR project "Mammouths". Charcoal signals have been found in both natural and archaeological (pits and activity areas) deposits that have been sampled during the 2007-2008 archaeological excavations. This study aims at discussing the natural versus anthropic causes of those charcoal signals. Microscopic charcoal have been observed and quantified from loess sediments; they are probably the consequence of regional fire regimes. Charcoal signals found in archaeological layers would be mainly caused by human activities. The major charcoal signal is observed within the microscopic part of the archaeological sediments and thereby underlines the intensity of taphonomic processes. The identification of wood charcoal shows that birch and willow were located along the riverbanks, which provides further discussion of prehistoric fuel management in Pleniglacial context. (C) 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Marquer, Laurent and Lebreton, Vincent and Otto, Thierry and Messager, Erwan},
  issn         = {0003-5521},
  keyword      = {Wood charcoal,Charcoal signal,Taphonomy,Fuel management,Eastern,Europe,Pleniglacial},
  language     = {fre},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {487--504},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {L'Anthropologie},
  title        = {Macro-, meso- and micro-charcoal from the Epigravettian settlements of Mezhyrich (Ukraine): Taphonomical and anthracological issues},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anthro.2015.07.006},
  volume       = {119},
  year         = {2015},
}