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The emission potential from municipal solid waste landfill in Jordan

Aljaradin, Mohammad LU and Persson, Kenneth M LU (2016) In Journal of Ecological Engineering 17(1). p.38-48
Abstract
A comprehensive study was conducted to monitor the emission potential from solid waste landfilled in Jordan over a period of 292 days using an anaerobic lysimeter. A 30 kg waste sample reflecting the typical municipal solid waste (MSW) streams generated in Jordan was used to simulate the influence of climate on the emission potential of landfills located in semi-arid areas. The experimental results demonstrated that a significant amount of leachate and landfill gas was produced. The methane content was found to be more than 45% and the leachate produced reached 15.7 l after 200 days. However, after 260 days the gas and leachate production rate became negligible.

A significant amount of heavy metal traces was found in the leachate... (More)
A comprehensive study was conducted to monitor the emission potential from solid waste landfilled in Jordan over a period of 292 days using an anaerobic lysimeter. A 30 kg waste sample reflecting the typical municipal solid waste (MSW) streams generated in Jordan was used to simulate the influence of climate on the emission potential of landfills located in semi-arid areas. The experimental results demonstrated that a significant amount of leachate and landfill gas was produced. The methane content was found to be more than 45% and the leachate produced reached 15.7 l after 200 days. However, after 260 days the gas and leachate production rate became negligible.

A significant amount of heavy metal traces was found in the leachate due to mixed waste disposal. Changes in biogas and leachate quality parameters in the lysimeter revealed typical landfill behaviour trends, the only difference being that they developed much more quickly. In view of current landfill practices in Jordan and the effect of climate change, the results suggest that landfill design and operational modes need to be adjusted in order to achieve sustainability. For this reason, optimized design parameters and operational scenarios for sustainable landfill based on the country’s climatic conditions and financial as well as technical potential are recommended as a primary reference for future landfills in Jordan as well as in similar regions and climates. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to specialist publication or newspaper
publication status
published
subject
keywords
landfill emissions, climate change, green energy, Jordan
categories
Higher Education
in
Journal of Ecological Engineering
volume
17
issue
1
pages
38 - 48
publisher
Polskie Towarzystwo Inzynierii Ekologicznej
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84953410623
ISSN
2299-8993
DOI
10.12911/22998993/61188
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
078d9d38-4b81-49b4-ab76-5474e4cb9d7f (old id 8569218)
date added to LUP
2016-02-08 15:13:03
date last changed
2017-02-18 00:25:05
@misc{078d9d38-4b81-49b4-ab76-5474e4cb9d7f,
  abstract     = {A comprehensive study was conducted to monitor the emission potential from solid waste landfilled in Jordan over a period of 292 days using an anaerobic lysimeter. A 30 kg waste sample reflecting the typical municipal solid waste (MSW) streams generated in Jordan was used to simulate the influence of climate on the emission potential of landfills located in semi-arid areas. The experimental results demonstrated that a significant amount of leachate and landfill gas was produced. The methane content was found to be more than 45% and the leachate produced reached 15.7 l after 200 days. However, after 260 days the gas and leachate production rate became negligible.<br/><br>
A significant amount of heavy metal traces was found in the leachate due to mixed waste disposal. Changes in biogas and leachate quality parameters in the lysimeter revealed typical landfill behaviour trends, the only difference being that they developed much more quickly. In view of current landfill practices in Jordan and the effect of climate change, the results suggest that landfill design and operational modes need to be adjusted in order to achieve sustainability. For this reason, optimized design parameters and operational scenarios for sustainable landfill based on the country’s climatic conditions and financial as well as technical potential are recommended as a primary reference for future landfills in Jordan as well as in similar regions and climates.},
  author       = {Aljaradin, Mohammad and Persson, Kenneth M},
  issn         = {2299-8993},
  keyword      = {landfill emissions,climate change,green energy,Jordan},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {38--48},
  publisher    = {Polskie Towarzystwo Inzynierii Ekologicznej},
  series       = {Journal of Ecological Engineering},
  title        = {The emission potential from municipal solid waste landfill in Jordan},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.12911/22998993/61188},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2016},
}