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Phase evolution during the reactive sintering of ternary Al-Ni-Ti powder compacts

Sina, Hossein LU ; Surreddi, Kumar Babu LU and Iyengar, Srinivasan LU (2016) In Journal of Alloys and Compounds 661. p.294-305
Abstract
The formation of various aluminides and intermetallic compounds in the Al-Ni-Ti ternary system offers great potential for a wide variety of applications. In the present work, reactions occurring during the heating of compacted ternary Al-Ni-Ti elemental powder mixtures were studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The effect of composition on the reaction behavior was studied by varying the aluminum addition (0-40 at.%) to nickel and titanium powders in equal proportions. The powder mixtures were compacted and heated in a DSC at 20 degrees C min(-1) up to 1200 degrees C, using a continuous flow of pure and dry argon gas. The reaction behavior in binary Ni-Ti (1:1) powder compacts and Al-Ni-Ti samples containing 25 and 35 at.%... (More)
The formation of various aluminides and intermetallic compounds in the Al-Ni-Ti ternary system offers great potential for a wide variety of applications. In the present work, reactions occurring during the heating of compacted ternary Al-Ni-Ti elemental powder mixtures were studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The effect of composition on the reaction behavior was studied by varying the aluminum addition (0-40 at.%) to nickel and titanium powders in equal proportions. The powder mixtures were compacted and heated in a DSC at 20 degrees C min(-1) up to 1200 degrees C, using a continuous flow of pure and dry argon gas. The reaction behavior in binary Ni-Ti (1:1) powder compacts and Al-Ni-Ti samples containing 25 and 35 at.% aluminum, was studied in detail by interrupting the heating of samples at different stages of reaction. Phase evolution was followed by examining the sintered samples using X-ray diffraction technique, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy. The DSC plots showed two main exothermic peaks corresponding to reactions taking place below and above the melting point of aluminum. For all the Al-Ni-Ti samples studied, the first exothermic peak was observed in the interval 595 degrees-625 degrees C, and the heat release increased with increase in the aluminum content of the samples. At 700 degrees C, microstructural studies showed that Al3Ni and Al3Ni2 were the major constituents and only a thin layer of Al3Ti was observed around the titanium powder particles, indicating a diffusional barrier. The second exothermic peak was observed in the interval 938 degrees-946 degrees C which corresponds to the reaction between nickel and titanium. Titanium-rich and nickel-rich ternary compounds, in addition to some binary compounds have been observed after this reaction in all the ternary compositions studied. The formation of AlNi2Ti (tau(4)) phase together with some new ternary compounds was observed in most of the Al-Ni-Ti samples heated to 1200 degrees C. Among these, two phases correspond to compositions close to Al2Ni3Ti5 and Al36Ni28Ti36, whose structural characteristics and stabilities are yet to be confirmed in literature. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Thermal analysis, Reactive sintering, Powder metallurgy, Intermetallics, Phase evolution, Al-Ni-Ti system
in
Journal of Alloys and Compounds
volume
661
pages
294 - 305
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000367521200043
  • scopus:84949604668
ISSN
0925-8388
DOI
10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.11.105
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
bcb1b32c-5511-45ae-af44-2299e17101ab (old id 8754560)
date added to LUP
2016-02-23 07:39:14
date last changed
2017-10-22 04:20:04
@article{bcb1b32c-5511-45ae-af44-2299e17101ab,
  abstract     = {The formation of various aluminides and intermetallic compounds in the Al-Ni-Ti ternary system offers great potential for a wide variety of applications. In the present work, reactions occurring during the heating of compacted ternary Al-Ni-Ti elemental powder mixtures were studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The effect of composition on the reaction behavior was studied by varying the aluminum addition (0-40 at.%) to nickel and titanium powders in equal proportions. The powder mixtures were compacted and heated in a DSC at 20 degrees C min(-1) up to 1200 degrees C, using a continuous flow of pure and dry argon gas. The reaction behavior in binary Ni-Ti (1:1) powder compacts and Al-Ni-Ti samples containing 25 and 35 at.% aluminum, was studied in detail by interrupting the heating of samples at different stages of reaction. Phase evolution was followed by examining the sintered samples using X-ray diffraction technique, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy. The DSC plots showed two main exothermic peaks corresponding to reactions taking place below and above the melting point of aluminum. For all the Al-Ni-Ti samples studied, the first exothermic peak was observed in the interval 595 degrees-625 degrees C, and the heat release increased with increase in the aluminum content of the samples. At 700 degrees C, microstructural studies showed that Al3Ni and Al3Ni2 were the major constituents and only a thin layer of Al3Ti was observed around the titanium powder particles, indicating a diffusional barrier. The second exothermic peak was observed in the interval 938 degrees-946 degrees C which corresponds to the reaction between nickel and titanium. Titanium-rich and nickel-rich ternary compounds, in addition to some binary compounds have been observed after this reaction in all the ternary compositions studied. The formation of AlNi2Ti (tau(4)) phase together with some new ternary compounds was observed in most of the Al-Ni-Ti samples heated to 1200 degrees C. Among these, two phases correspond to compositions close to Al2Ni3Ti5 and Al36Ni28Ti36, whose structural characteristics and stabilities are yet to be confirmed in literature. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Sina, Hossein and Surreddi, Kumar Babu and Iyengar, Srinivasan},
  issn         = {0925-8388},
  keyword      = {Thermal analysis,Reactive sintering,Powder metallurgy,Intermetallics,Phase evolution,Al-Ni-Ti system},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {294--305},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Alloys and Compounds},
  title        = {Phase evolution during the reactive sintering of ternary Al-Ni-Ti powder compacts},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.11.105},
  volume       = {661},
  year         = {2016},
}