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A public health perspective to environmental barriers and accessibility problems for senior citizens living in ordinary housing

Granbom, Marianne LU ; Iwarsson, Susanne LU ; Kylberg, Marianne LU ; Pettersson, Cecilia LU and Slaug, Björn LU (2016) In BMC Public Health 16(1). p.1-11
Abstract

Background: Housing environments that hinder performance of daily activities and impede participation in social life have negative health consequences particularly for the older segment of the population. From a public health perspective accessible housing that supports active and healthy ageing is therefore crucial. The objective of the present study was to make an inventory of environmental barriers and investigate accessibility problems in the ordinary housing stock in Sweden as related to the functional capacity of senior citizens. Particular attention was paid to differences between housing types and building periods and to identify environmental barriers generating the most accessibility problems for sub-groups of senior citizens.... (More)

Background: Housing environments that hinder performance of daily activities and impede participation in social life have negative health consequences particularly for the older segment of the population. From a public health perspective accessible housing that supports active and healthy ageing is therefore crucial. The objective of the present study was to make an inventory of environmental barriers and investigate accessibility problems in the ordinary housing stock in Sweden as related to the functional capacity of senior citizens. Particular attention was paid to differences between housing types and building periods and to identify environmental barriers generating the most accessibility problems for sub-groups of senior citizens. Methods: Data on environmental barriers in dwellings from three databases on housing and health in old age was analysed (N = 1021). Four functional profiles representing large groups of senior citizens were used in analyses of the magnitude and severity of potential accessibility problems. Differences in terms of type of housing and building period were examined. Results: High proportions of one-family houses as well as multi-dwellings had substantial numbers of environmental barriers, with significantly lower numbers in later building periods. Accessibility problems occurred already for senior citizens with few functional limitations, but more profound for those dependent on mobility devices. The most problematic housing sections were entrances in one-family houses and kitchens of multi-dwellings. Conclusions: Despite a high housing standard in the Swedish ordinary housing stock the results show substantial accessibility problems for senior citizens with functional limitations. To make housing accessible large-scale and systematic efforts are required.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Ageing population, Ageing-in-place, Built environment, Functional capacity, Health, Policy
in
BMC Public Health
volume
16
issue
1
pages
11 pages
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • scopus:84992116113
  • wos:000381548200003
ISSN
1471-2458
DOI
10.1186/s12889-016-3369-2
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
875ddc11-bc87-413e-9e5a-b9a9a612426c
date added to LUP
2016-11-08 11:56:27
date last changed
2017-10-22 05:21:39
@article{875ddc11-bc87-413e-9e5a-b9a9a612426c,
  abstract     = {<p>Background: Housing environments that hinder performance of daily activities and impede participation in social life have negative health consequences particularly for the older segment of the population. From a public health perspective accessible housing that supports active and healthy ageing is therefore crucial. The objective of the present study was to make an inventory of environmental barriers and investigate accessibility problems in the ordinary housing stock in Sweden as related to the functional capacity of senior citizens. Particular attention was paid to differences between housing types and building periods and to identify environmental barriers generating the most accessibility problems for sub-groups of senior citizens. Methods: Data on environmental barriers in dwellings from three databases on housing and health in old age was analysed (N = 1021). Four functional profiles representing large groups of senior citizens were used in analyses of the magnitude and severity of potential accessibility problems. Differences in terms of type of housing and building period were examined. Results: High proportions of one-family houses as well as multi-dwellings had substantial numbers of environmental barriers, with significantly lower numbers in later building periods. Accessibility problems occurred already for senior citizens with few functional limitations, but more profound for those dependent on mobility devices. The most problematic housing sections were entrances in one-family houses and kitchens of multi-dwellings. Conclusions: Despite a high housing standard in the Swedish ordinary housing stock the results show substantial accessibility problems for senior citizens with functional limitations. To make housing accessible large-scale and systematic efforts are required.</p>},
  author       = {Granbom, Marianne and Iwarsson, Susanne and Kylberg, Marianne and Pettersson, Cecilia and Slaug, Björn},
  issn         = {1471-2458},
  keyword      = {Ageing population,Ageing-in-place,Built environment,Functional capacity,Health,Policy},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {1--11},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central},
  series       = {BMC Public Health},
  title        = {A public health perspective to environmental barriers and accessibility problems for senior citizens living in ordinary housing},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3369-2},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2016},
}