Advanced

Modelling large-scale evacuation of music festivals

Ronchi, Enrico LU ; Nieto Uriz, Francisco; Criel, Xavier and Reilly, Paul (2016) In Case Studies in Fire Safety 5. p.11-19
Abstract
This paper explores the use of multi-agent continuous evacuation modelling for representing large-scale evacuation scenarios at music festivals. A 65,000 people capacity music festival area was simulated using the model Pathfinder. Three evacuation scenarios were developed in order to explore the capabilities of evacuation modelling during such incidents, namely (1) a preventive evacuation of a section of the festival area containing approximately 15,000 people due to a fire breaking out on a ship, (2) an escalating scenario involving the total evacuation of the entire festival area (65,000 people) due to a bomb threat, and (3) a cascading scenario involving the total evacuation of the entire festival area (65,000 people) due to the threat... (More)
This paper explores the use of multi-agent continuous evacuation modelling for representing large-scale evacuation scenarios at music festivals. A 65,000 people capacity music festival area was simulated using the model Pathfinder. Three evacuation scenarios were developed in order to explore the capabilities of evacuation modelling during such incidents, namely (1) a preventive evacuation of a section of the festival area containing approximately 15,000 people due to a fire breaking out on a ship, (2) an escalating scenario involving the total evacuation of the entire festival area (65,000 people) due to a bomb threat, and (3) a cascading scenario involving the total evacuation of the entire festival area (65,000 people) due to the threat of an explosion caused by a ship engine overheating. This study suggests that the analysis of the people-evacuation time curves produced by evacuation models, coupled with a visual analysis of the simulated evacuation scenarios, allows for the identification of the main factors affecting the evacuation process (e.g., delay times, overcrowding at exits in relation to exit widths, etc.) and potential measures that could improve safety. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Crowd management, Music festival, Cascading effects, Emergency evacuation, Evacuation modelling
in
Case Studies in Fire Safety
volume
5
pages
11 - 19
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:84954129055
ISSN
2214-398X
DOI
10.1016/j.csfs.2015.12.002
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
74e99dac-c391-4052-8754-a0732ea4e91f (old id 8768372)
date added to LUP
2016-03-18 12:59:04
date last changed
2017-07-30 03:59:02
@article{74e99dac-c391-4052-8754-a0732ea4e91f,
  abstract     = {This paper explores the use of multi-agent continuous evacuation modelling for representing large-scale evacuation scenarios at music festivals. A 65,000 people capacity music festival area was simulated using the model Pathfinder. Three evacuation scenarios were developed in order to explore the capabilities of evacuation modelling during such incidents, namely (1) a preventive evacuation of a section of the festival area containing approximately 15,000 people due to a fire breaking out on a ship, (2) an escalating scenario involving the total evacuation of the entire festival area (65,000 people) due to a bomb threat, and (3) a cascading scenario involving the total evacuation of the entire festival area (65,000 people) due to the threat of an explosion caused by a ship engine overheating. This study suggests that the analysis of the people-evacuation time curves produced by evacuation models, coupled with a visual analysis of the simulated evacuation scenarios, allows for the identification of the main factors affecting the evacuation process (e.g., delay times, overcrowding at exits in relation to exit widths, etc.) and potential measures that could improve safety.},
  author       = {Ronchi, Enrico and Nieto Uriz, Francisco and Criel, Xavier and Reilly, Paul},
  issn         = {2214-398X},
  keyword      = {Crowd management,Music festival,Cascading effects,Emergency evacuation,Evacuation modelling},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {11--19},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Case Studies in Fire Safety},
  title        = {Modelling large-scale evacuation of music festivals},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csfs.2015.12.002},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2016},
}