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Social Identity and Mobility at a Pre-industrial Mining Complex, Sweden

Bäckström, Ylva LU and Price, T. Douglas (2016) In Journal of Archaeological Science 66. p.154-168
Abstract
The early modern period has so far received little attention from archaeologists and anthropologists in Sweden. This study explores demographic patterns, social differences, family structure and mobility in a 16th-century skeletal population (n=102) from a preindustrial mining community (Salberget) in Bergslagen, Sweden, using a bioarchaeological perspective. Methodologically, the results of strontium and oxygen isotope analysis in tooth enamel (n=38) were added to archaeological, anthropological and documentary evidence to detect demographic and/or social differences in mobility. Historical documents provided some indications of the kinds of people working at the mine. Archaeological evidence indicated two distinct grave types and the... (More)
The early modern period has so far received little attention from archaeologists and anthropologists in Sweden. This study explores demographic patterns, social differences, family structure and mobility in a 16th-century skeletal population (n=102) from a preindustrial mining community (Salberget) in Bergslagen, Sweden, using a bioarchaeological perspective. Methodologically, the results of strontium and oxygen isotope analysis in tooth enamel (n=38) were added to archaeological, anthropological and documentary evidence to detect demographic and/or social differences in mobility. Historical documents provided some indications of the kinds of people working at the mine. Archaeological evidence indicated two distinct grave types and the anthropological analysis documented differences in the age and sex of these individuals. The analysis of strontium, oxygen and carbon isotopes in teeth was used to infer possible place of origin information about these individuals. Various lines of evidence suggest that the cemetery held a mix of family groups, foreign workers and prisoners of war, all associated with the Sala silver mine. Together, the archaeology, osteology and isotope chemistry confirmed the documentary evidence of internal and external migration in the region. Furthermore, this study displays signs of matrilocality and a socially stratified society. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
in press
subject
keywords
Mobility, demographical change, social identity, strontium isotopes, early modern period, mining cemetery, bioarchaeology
in
Journal of Archaeological Science
volume
66
pages
154 - 168
publisher
Academic Press
ISSN
1095-9238
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6e23e4bc-237c-4535-939a-e25d08daa57e (old id 8771256)
date added to LUP
2016-02-24 09:30:06
date last changed
2016-04-15 17:00:52
@article{6e23e4bc-237c-4535-939a-e25d08daa57e,
  abstract     = {The early modern period has so far received little attention from archaeologists and anthropologists in Sweden. This study explores demographic patterns, social differences, family structure and mobility in a 16th-century skeletal population (n=102) from a preindustrial mining community (Salberget) in Bergslagen, Sweden, using a bioarchaeological perspective. Methodologically, the results of strontium and oxygen isotope analysis in tooth enamel (n=38) were added to archaeological, anthropological and documentary evidence to detect demographic and/or social differences in mobility. Historical documents provided some indications of the kinds of people working at the mine. Archaeological evidence indicated two distinct grave types and the anthropological analysis documented differences in the age and sex of these individuals. The analysis of strontium, oxygen and carbon isotopes in teeth was used to infer possible place of origin information about these individuals. Various lines of evidence suggest that the cemetery held a mix of family groups, foreign workers and prisoners of war, all associated with the Sala silver mine. Together, the archaeology, osteology and isotope chemistry confirmed the documentary evidence of internal and external migration in the region. Furthermore, this study displays signs of matrilocality and a socially stratified society.},
  author       = {Bäckström, Ylva and Price, T. Douglas},
  issn         = {1095-9238},
  keyword      = {Mobility,demographical change,social identity,strontium isotopes,early modern period,mining cemetery,bioarchaeology},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {154--168},
  publisher    = {Academic Press},
  series       = {Journal of Archaeological Science},
  title        = {Social Identity and Mobility at a Pre-industrial Mining Complex, Sweden},
  volume       = {66},
  year         = {2016},
}