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Sverige som partner 1309-1905 : ett perspektiv

Gustafsson, Harald LU (2016) In Historisk Tidskrift 136(1).
Abstract (Swedish)
Här behandlas Sveriges förbindelser med andra politisk-territoriella enheter, från
medeltidens dynastiska unioner över de tidigmoderna konglomeratstaterna till
1800-talets union av två nationalstater. Med hjälp av befintlig forskning fokuseras
statens växlande sammansättning och vikten av att skilja mellan riket och staten.
Ett sådant perspektiv visar nya aspekter och ställer frågor som ett traditionellt,
nationellt perspektiv förbiser
Abstract
During most of the period from 1319 to 1905, the kingdom of Sweden formed part of a larger state, either through union with other states or through the possession of provinces that were not part of the kingdom proper. This is a neglected theme in Swedish historiography, where Sweden is described as a trans-historical entity, sometimes larger and sometimes smaller than the present state but still basically one and the same political unit. In an attempt to overcome methodological nationalism, this article presents what can be called a trans-territorial perspective on the development of the Swedish state. Sweden’s history as partner is followed from the personal unions with Norway and Denmark in the late middle ages, through Sweden’s early... (More)
During most of the period from 1319 to 1905, the kingdom of Sweden formed part of a larger state, either through union with other states or through the possession of provinces that were not part of the kingdom proper. This is a neglected theme in Swedish historiography, where Sweden is described as a trans-historical entity, sometimes larger and sometimes smaller than the present state but still basically one and the same political unit. In an attempt to overcome methodological nationalism, this article presents what can be called a trans-territorial perspective on the development of the Swedish state. Sweden’s history as partner is followed from the personal unions with Norway and Denmark in the late middle ages, through Sweden’s early modern experience as the centre of a conglomerate state, to the 19th-century union with Norway.

The medieval unions were loose, basically dynastic connections where

each kingdom kept its domestic laws, political institutions and social organisation. The early modern conglomerate state was more firmly held together and ruled from Stockholm, especially with regards to the public finances and foreign policy. But each province kept its distinct internal organisation, which allowed for considerable political influence to be exercised by the local political elite. In this perspective, the often neglected integration of the Scandinavian provinces into the realm in the early 1680s is unusual and interesting, even more so than the well-studied acquisition in 1658. In a long trans-territorial perspective, it becomes clear that the weakness of the 19th-century Swedish-Norwegian union was that it attempted to house two modern nation-states within one state.

historisk tidskrift 136:1 • 2016 sverige som partner 1319–1905 31

A trans-territorial perspective on Swedish history gives rise to many new questions that have been neglected in the dominant national narrative. For example, was the adoption of a national law code in the 1350s the result of inspiration from the union partner Norway, which had a more centralised judicial system? Was the strengthening of the state apparatus under the rule of Gustav Vasa in the 1500s possible because the territory of the Swedish state was unusually homogeneous after the break-up of the Union of Kalmar and before the acquisition of Estonia? What was the influence on Sweden proper from the possession of the provinces east and south of the Baltic?

How did the Swedish experience of ruling a conglomerate state influence

Swedish policy towards Norway in the formative phase of the 19th-century union? Much is to be gained by adopting a non-national perspective on Swedish history. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
unions, state connections, Sweden, trans-national, early modern, nineteenth century, medieval, state formation, conglomerate state, provinces
in
Historisk Tidskrift
volume
136
issue
1
publisher
Svenska historiska föreningen
external identifiers
  • scopus:85019139141
ISSN
0345-469X
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
22521193-dd06-4d6a-b25d-c1dbdaa50bb4 (old id 8772434)
date added to LUP
2016-02-26 08:48:20
date last changed
2017-08-20 04:01:53
@article{22521193-dd06-4d6a-b25d-c1dbdaa50bb4,
  abstract     = {During most of the period from 1319 to 1905, the kingdom of Sweden formed part of a larger state, either through union with other states or through the possession of provinces that were not part of the kingdom proper. This is a neglected theme in Swedish historiography, where Sweden is described as a trans-historical entity, sometimes larger and sometimes smaller than the present state but still basically one and the same political unit. In an attempt to overcome methodological nationalism, this article presents what can be called a trans-territorial perspective on the development of the Swedish state. Sweden’s history as partner is followed from the personal unions with Norway and Denmark in the late middle ages, through Sweden’s early modern experience as the centre of a conglomerate state, to the 19th-century union with Norway.<br/><br>
The medieval unions were loose, basically dynastic connections where<br/><br>
each kingdom kept its domestic laws, political institutions and social organisation. The early modern conglomerate state was more firmly held together and ruled from Stockholm, especially with regards to the public finances and foreign policy. But each province kept its distinct internal organisation, which allowed for considerable political influence to be exercised by the local political elite. In this perspective, the often neglected integration of the Scandinavian provinces into the realm in the early 1680s is unusual and interesting, even more so than the well-studied acquisition in 1658. In a long trans-territorial perspective, it becomes clear that the weakness of the 19th-century Swedish-Norwegian union was that it attempted to house two modern nation-states within one state.<br/><br>
historisk tidskrift 136:1 • 2016 sverige som partner 1319–1905 31<br/><br>
A trans-territorial perspective on Swedish history gives rise to many new questions that have been neglected in the dominant national narrative. For example, was the adoption of a national law code in the 1350s the result of inspiration from the union partner Norway, which had a more centralised judicial system? Was the strengthening of the state apparatus under the rule of Gustav Vasa in the 1500s possible because the territory of the Swedish state was unusually homogeneous after the break-up of the Union of Kalmar and before the acquisition of Estonia? What was the influence on Sweden proper from the possession of the provinces east and south of the Baltic?<br/><br>
How did the Swedish experience of ruling a conglomerate state influence<br/><br>
Swedish policy towards Norway in the formative phase of the 19th-century union? Much is to be gained by adopting a non-national perspective on Swedish history.},
  author       = {Gustafsson, Harald},
  issn         = {0345-469X},
  keyword      = {unions,state connections,Sweden,trans-national,early modern,nineteenth century,medieval,state formation,conglomerate state,provinces},
  language     = {swe},
  number       = {1},
  publisher    = {Svenska historiska föreningen},
  series       = {Historisk Tidskrift},
  title        = {Sverige som partner 1309-1905 : ett perspektiv},
  volume       = {136},
  year         = {2016},
}