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Delivering a multi-functional and resilient urban forest

Hale, James D. ; Pugh, Thomas A.M. LU ; Sadler, Jon P. ; Boyko, Christopher T. ; Brown, Julie ; Caputo, Silvio ; Caserio, Maria ; Coles, Richard ; Farmani, Raziyeh and Hales, Chantal , et al. (2015) In Sustainability (Switzerland) 7(4). p.4600-4624
Abstract

Tree planting is widely advocated and applied in urban areas, with large-scale projects underway in cities globally. Numerous potential benefits are used to justify these planting campaigns. However, reports of poor tree survival raise questions about the ability of such projects to deliver on their promises over the long-term. Each potential benefit requires different supporting conditions-relating not only to the type and placement of the tree, but also to the broader urban system within which it is embedded. This set of supporting conditions may not always be mutually compatible and may not persist for the lifetime of the tree. Here, we demonstrate a systems-based approach that makes these dependencies, synergies, and tensions more... (More)

Tree planting is widely advocated and applied in urban areas, with large-scale projects underway in cities globally. Numerous potential benefits are used to justify these planting campaigns. However, reports of poor tree survival raise questions about the ability of such projects to deliver on their promises over the long-term. Each potential benefit requires different supporting conditions-relating not only to the type and placement of the tree, but also to the broader urban system within which it is embedded. This set of supporting conditions may not always be mutually compatible and may not persist for the lifetime of the tree. Here, we demonstrate a systems-based approach that makes these dependencies, synergies, and tensions more explicit, allowing them to be used to test the decadal-scale resilience of urban street trees. Our analysis highlights social, environmental, and economic assumptions that are implicit within planting projects; notably that high levels of maintenance and public support for urban street trees will persist throughout their natural lifespan, and that the surrounding built form will remain largely unchanged. Whilst the vulnerability of each benefit may be highly context specific, we identify approaches that address some typical weaknesses, making a functional, resilient, urban forest more attainable.

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publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Ecosystem services, Forest, Futures, Resilience, Resilient, Scenarios, Systems, Tree, Urban
in
Sustainability (Switzerland)
volume
7
issue
4
pages
25 pages
publisher
MDPI AG
external identifiers
  • scopus:84929001401
ISSN
2071-1050
DOI
10.3390/su7044600
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
8792a4af-99b1-4f72-85e8-a1a7d2c981cf
date added to LUP
2020-11-19 23:07:00
date last changed
2021-01-30 14:20:50
@article{8792a4af-99b1-4f72-85e8-a1a7d2c981cf,
  abstract     = {<p>Tree planting is widely advocated and applied in urban areas, with large-scale projects underway in cities globally. Numerous potential benefits are used to justify these planting campaigns. However, reports of poor tree survival raise questions about the ability of such projects to deliver on their promises over the long-term. Each potential benefit requires different supporting conditions-relating not only to the type and placement of the tree, but also to the broader urban system within which it is embedded. This set of supporting conditions may not always be mutually compatible and may not persist for the lifetime of the tree. Here, we demonstrate a systems-based approach that makes these dependencies, synergies, and tensions more explicit, allowing them to be used to test the decadal-scale resilience of urban street trees. Our analysis highlights social, environmental, and economic assumptions that are implicit within planting projects; notably that high levels of maintenance and public support for urban street trees will persist throughout their natural lifespan, and that the surrounding built form will remain largely unchanged. Whilst the vulnerability of each benefit may be highly context specific, we identify approaches that address some typical weaknesses, making a functional, resilient, urban forest more attainable.</p>},
  author       = {Hale, James D. and Pugh, Thomas A.M. and Sadler, Jon P. and Boyko, Christopher T. and Brown, Julie and Caputo, Silvio and Caserio, Maria and Coles, Richard and Farmani, Raziyeh and Hales, Chantal and Horsey, Russell and Hunt, Dexter V.L. and Leach, Joanne M. and Rogers, Christopher D.F. and MacKenzie, A. Rob},
  issn         = {2071-1050},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {4600--4624},
  publisher    = {MDPI AG},
  series       = {Sustainability (Switzerland)},
  title        = {Delivering a multi-functional and resilient urban forest},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su7044600},
  doi          = {10.3390/su7044600},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2015},
}